31 MARS 2016 NEWS: Shilla - Waikato - Dima Hasao - Çakırköy - Rome - Rufford -
INSTITUT SUPERIEUR D'ANTHROPOLOGIE
INSTITUTE OF ANTHROPOLOGY
ONLINE COURSES / COURS A DISTANCE
SPRING TERM : APRIL 2016
KURDISTAN – Shilla - A farmer in the town of Koya, east of the Kurdistan Region’s capital city Erbil, recently stumbled upon a three-thousand year-old artifact, in what has become a commonplace occurrence in the archaeologically-rich region. Speaking to NRT on Monday (March 28), director of Koya’s archaeology administration, Sarkawt Sofi, confirmed the vase fragment dates back three millennia. “This artifact is the outer part of a vase and dating back three thousand years,” Sofi said, adding that it belongs to the middle Assyrian period.The fragment was found in the village of Shilla, located 4 kilometers east of Koya. Shilla is the site of a major archaeological area inside the Kurdistan Region ad houses one of the oldest citadels.
NOUVELLE ZELANDE – Waikato - Human remains have been found at the construction site of the Waikato Expressway in Huntly. The remains were discovered in an area affiliated to several Tainui subtribes. The remains were discovered by archaeologists here at Kimihia, an area affiliated to several Tainui subtribes including Ngāti Mahuta and Ngāti Whawhakia. Tangata whenua representative, Moko Tauariki says, “Archaeologists have confirmed finding some remains here. We've left the archaeologists to get on with their work.” Archaeologists say the discovery is pre-European.
INDE – Dima Hasao - In a significant development, the State Directorate of Archaeology has discovered a new stone jar site in Dima Hasao district, known as Lungmailai in Gunjum area which had so far remained unreported. The Directorate has also confirmed the existence of two more unreported stone jar sites in the district – Harakilo and Chamkai. Stone jar burial is a unique practice of Dima Hasao. Some of its stone jar burial sites were recorded in the 1930s. The archaeological potential of Dima Hasao District was first recorded by JH Hutton and JP Miles in 1932. They reported the existence of the unique monolithic stone jar sites of the district. The Archaeology Directorate team also visited the previously reported stone jar sites of Bolosan, (presently Nchebanglo), Khobak, Derebere (presently Dubunglu) and Melongpa. Bolosan deserves the sobriquet of the largest stone jar burial site. There, Hutton and Miles had found over 400 stone jars. But the Archaeology Directorate team found there 217 monolithic jars in various shapes and sizes. Of them, 139 are intact and the rests are partly or completely damaged under the impact of the natural forces and anthropogenic activities. At the newly discovered site of Lungmailai (N 25°21'21.3": E 093°01'26.7") which is approximately 15 km off the south western side of Gunjum, the jars are scattered over an area of about three acres in three clusters. At the site, 59 monolithic stone jars have so far been counted and documented by the Archaeology Directorate team. Among these, 36 are intact while the rest are partly or totally damaged. Comparatively, this site is in a better condition than the other stone jar sites of the district, said Deori. However, the most noteworthy find of the team in the exploration is the discovery of a unique megalithic site near Khobak village, bordering Meghalaya. The megalithic site is located about 3 km north-west off the Lungzeebel stone jar site of Khobak, an Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) listed site. Here, the shape, size and construction pattern of the megaliths are highly uncommon and unique in nature. The dominant variety here is an uncommon dolmen (portal grave or quoit). Further, the team explored the Thongi area on the Manipur border and found several ancient megalithic remains. The megaliths of Thongi are mostly menhir type. Again, a typical cist burial site is also found in the north bank of the historic Nreugai Lake of the Zemi Nagas, Deuri said.
TURQUIE – Çakırköy - A 2,000-year-old tomb from the late Roman era serves as a fountain in the village of Çakırköy in the western province Afyonkarahisar. Nike, the god of victory, is depicted on four sides of the Roman tomb, which was discovered in 1986 by the Turkish Grain Board. On one of the long sides of the tomb, the reliefs depict a man and woman, who were most probably the owners of the tomb, and two Medusa heads on the other side. The writings on the tomb have been destroyed, as reported by Aktüel Archaeology magazine. The tomb is thought to have served as an important family grave in the ancient age. Museum officials say the tomb is used as a fountain in order to keep treasure hunters away from the area.
ITALIE – Rome - A rare Jewish catacomb in Rome is to open to the public for this summer. The catacomb at the Randanini vineyard is being opened up by Rome's culture ministry to coincide with the Pope's Jubilee Year of Mercy. The catacomb, in Rome's Via Appia, was created between the second and fourth centuries and contains some beautiful and ornately decorated family tombs or "cubicula". It was discovered in 1859 and covers about 18,000 square metres underground. The tours are being promoted by the Catacomb Society and others. The catacombs have until now been little known by any outside a specialist interest in the subject, because they are usually closed to the public. But within the Jewish archaeological community they are considered a great treasure. Many thousands of people were buried there.
ROYAUME UNI – Rufford Abbey - Archaeologists have discovered pieces of what is believed to be a monastic copper scourge in the grounds of Rufford Abbey. The monastic scourge find was made by community archaeologists during a dig underneath the meadow at Rufford Abbey, during 2014, with a stain of green colouring in the soil surrounding the copper metal, but the significance of the find has only just been made following tests. A similar metal scourge found at Rievaulx Abbey, another former Cistercian abbey, in Yorkshire, is on display there. A third has previously been found at Grovebury Priory in Bedfordshire, with the fourth found at Roche Abbey in South Yorkshire.