31 JUILLET 2022 NEWS
INSTITUT SUPERIEUR D'ANTHROPOLOGIE
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EGYPTE – Saqqara - A recent medical inspection of an Egyptian mummy led to a novel discovery believed to be one of, if not the, earliest examples of a stroke in an Egyptian mummy. Upon examination, a research team from the Spanish National Program for Scientific Research, Technology, and Innovation concluded that the mummy, a woman between 25 and 40 years of age who died about 2,700 years ago, suffered a right cerebral stroke. The mummy was studied both macroscopically and radiographically. The findings, published last month in World Neurosurgery, explain that the position of the female mummy's shoulders, head, flexed arm and inward turning of the left foot indicate she endured a stroke on the right side of her brain. The researchers also note that a stick or a crutch remained with her in the mummification process, which they speculate she used in life following the stroke. The researchers believe the woman lived with the aftermath of the stroke for several years. Strokes, which occur when blood supply to the brain is disrupted, are globally the second highest leading cause of death and disability. The typical stroke patient today is at least 60-years-old, decades older than the mummy is believed to be. Ancient mummy can advance modern medicine. In another study this month, which analyzed the remains of a 2,000-year-old Egyptian mummy and found that she may have suffered from nasopharyngeal cancer, Polish researchers said that investigating mummy illnesses can significantly contribute to modern medicine.
ARABIE SAOUDITE – Al-Faw - A Saudi-international team has discovered new archaeological sites in the archaeological area of Al-Faw, the capital of the ancient Arab Kingdom of Kinda, the Saudi Heritage Authority announced on Tuesday. The results of the survey revealed the presence of the remains of human settlements dating back to the Neolithic era, and the classification of more than 2,800 burials scattered on the site, and a number of agricultural areas in addition to an area for practicing religious rites. It is noteworthy that Kinda is an ancient Arab kingdom in Najd, which originated in the pre-Islamic era, and was a dependent state, where its capital was the village of Dhat al-Khal, which is currently the village of Al-Faw in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, and there are some cities and villages built by the kings of Kinda until today in Saudi Arabia, including Al-Faw village and Dumat Al-Jandal. According to the General Authority for Tourism and National Heritage, the village of Al-Faw includes a large number of archaeological hills, such as the palace and the huge market, which consists of three floors and is surrounded by high walls and towers on its four sides.
TAIWAN – - 51 graves, including 10 slate sarcophagi with coral funerary objects found in Eluanbi Park. On Wednesday, NTHU announced the discovery of human skeletons and a treasure trove of ancient artifacts dating back 4,000 years on its Facebook page. The team determined that intensive human activities were conducted at the site between 4,200 and 3,800 years ago, and 51 graves were unearthed, 10 of which had coffins made from slate and contained coral funerary objects. These findings enabled archeologists to better understand the burial customs of prehistoric people and allow for further study of their physical characteristics. In addition to the graves, the team also found a large number of shells and objects made from shells, including finished products, semi-finished products, processing waste, and tools used to make the implements. Due to the large quantity of shells, scientists believe that the area was a shell tool manufacturing site, demonstrating that prehistoric people in Eluanbi had a unique set of shell tool-making techniques. The university pointed out that this is the first time such a prehistoric shell-processing site has been found in Taiwan. It added that this is also the oldest and largest shell tool-making site in the Pacific region. The shell implements are similar in shape to those unearthed in other Pacific Islands. He said that this is important evidence showing that Austronesian people in Taiwan interacted with overseas groups 4,000 years ago, which merits further research.
TURQUIE – Örenli - A total of 27 skeletons were found in a burial pit carved into the rocks .The incident occurred in the Örenli village of Gölbaşı district of Adıyaman. It turned out that the 1,700-year-old historical burial chamber, the entrance part of which was opened by treasure hunters with construction equipment and illegal excavations, was a mass grave. While the first findings showed that the burial chamber of about 10 square meters from the Roman Period was 1,700 years old, archaeologists took the findings into the examination. Along with skeletons, broken lachrymatory bottles, a staple of ancient Roman tombs, and three intact spindle whorls, usually found in ancient graves of women, were discovered in the grave.
FRANCE – Labastide-Montrejeau - Les traces d'une cité dévoilées dans un champ de maïs. Ici, il y a plus de 2 millénaires s'érigeait l'une des villes les plus importante de la région. Entre 1000 et 5000 Aquitains (les Bénarnis) y vivaient...
FRANCE – Dijon - Le secteur fouillé se situe à la sortie nord de l’agglomération antique de Divio, sur la bordure ouest d’une voie hypothétique reliant la ville à la Via Agrippa. L’occupation est matérialisée par une assise de fondation d’un mur orienté est-ouest, contre lequel s’appuie un cellier construit en pierres sèches. Quelques trous de poteaux viennent compléter cet ensemble datable des Ier et IIe siècle de notre ère, qui s’apparente plutôt à des aménagements occupant une arrière-cour. Des structures de ce type avaient été déjà mises en évidence lors de la fouille de la Clinique Sainte-Marthe, située à proximité vers l’est. Dès la fin du XIIe siècle, l’abbaye de Clairvaux crée à Dijon, à l’intérieur des nouveaux remparts de la ville et le long de la rivière du Suzon, une vaste maison de ville connue sous le nom de « Petit Clairvaux », et comprenant grand et petit cellier, chapelle, hôtellerie, pressoirs... L’emprise de la fouille occupe un secteur bien identifiable dans l’angle sud-est de ce domaine, à savoir la cour Saint-Bernard, longeant le petit cellier du XIIIe siècle malheureusement détruit au début du XXe siècle. Quelques structures mises au jour appartiennent à cet ensemble monastique. La première est une fosse circulaire maçonnée, datable du XIIIe siècle, qui pourrait constituer un rare exemple de glacière médiévale en contexte religieux. À cela s’ajoutent deux larges maçonneries des XIVe-XVe siècles, dont l’une, identifiable au mur d’enceinte sud du domaine, marquera jusqu’à la fin du XIXe siècle une limite parcellaire permanente. Au début de ce siècle, une vaste halle en charpente, sur piliers de bois, est construite dans la cour. De plan carré (9 x 9 m), elle est sans doute liée au fonctionnement du petit cellier (stockage de fourrage, de matériel de transport ?). Un incendie la détruit rapidement. À l’est, un bâtiment d’habitation est construit, en bordure de la rue longeant le domaine du Petit-Clairvaux, et près du portail d’entrée de celui-ci. Il s’agit d’une maison de rapport connue dans les textes sous le nom de « Logis Saint-Bernard », permettant à l’abbaye de s’assurer des revenus supplémentaires. Seul l’angle nord-ouest de sa façade arrière a pu être observé dans l’emprise de la fouille. Après l’incendie de la halle, une grange maçonnée est construite, adossée au mur d’enceinte. Elle est reconstruite au début du XVIIIe siècle. Après la Révolution, l’ancien logis Saint-Bernard est détruit, comme plusieurs édifices du Petit-Clairvaux, et fait place à un nouveau bâtiment remployant de nombreux blocs médiévaux dans ses maçonneries. Dans la nouvelle construction, une grande cave est aménagée, comprenant deux structures se faisant face : un puits à double accès (depuis la cour et depuis la cave) et un grand four à pain, ce four étant peut-être lié à la présence, à partir du milieu du XIXe siècle, de l’auberge dite « du Grand Saint-Michel ». L’ensemble est détruit et remblayé au début du XXe siècle, lors de la construction des bâtiments actuels de la Préfecture.
ITALIE – Selinunte - In the Selinunte, one of the most important archaeological sites of the Greek period in Italy, the outlines of the largest agora of the ancient world, with an area of 33.000 square meters, were unearthed. Important discoveries regarding the 6th century BC history of Selinunte were made during the excavations of the Agora and the Acropolis. After two years in which work slowed due to the pandemic, excavation work resumed in June. This year’s excavation began in an area south of the acropolis with the aim of more precise dating of the newest of the A and O acropolis temples, long believed to have been built at the same time. The dig found evidence that A actually predates O, and that O was never completed because construction was interrupted by a landslide. The most important discovery, however, was that of an aquifer under the foundations of the temple. This discovery confirmed the hypothesis that the Greek colonies settled precisely in this southern region of the Acropolis. Archaeologists discovered a boundary wall dating back to 610 BC, not long after the arrival of the colonies led by Pammilus, while digging in depth around the third temple, known as R, which was built in the sixth century BC and possibly rebuilt after the Carthaginians occupied and destroyed the city in 409 BC. Remains of stone structures and animal bones point to altars on which rituals were celebrated. The team also found a sizable piece of a stone mold used to create what seemed to be a bronze scepter within Temple R. Once it was cast, the two halves of the matrix were deposited in different locations. Ten years ago, the first part was found close by. A siren figurine carved from ivory and an Egyptian blue figurine of the sky deity Horus from the late 7th century B.C. were the other two noteworthy items discovered in Temple R. The carving’s exceptional quality is comparable to votives discovered at the Oracle of Apollo at Delphi, one of the most important religious sites from antiquity. So, according to archaeologists, the siren was probably brought over from Greece.