30 JUIN 2022 NEWS
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INDE – Sanauli - The Archeological Survey of India has claimed to have found copper anthropomorphic figures and weapons such as swords and harpoons possibly dating back 3,800 years in Uttar Pradesh’s Mainpuri district. The copper hoards were chanced upon by a local farmer on 10 June and are 77 in number, possibly dating back to 1600-2000 BC — the later stages of the Chalcolithic Age (the transition period between Neolithic and Bronze Ages) — ASI officials told ThePrint Saturday.
PALESTINE – Jabaliya - While workers labored on a large construction site in Jabaliya, a northern city of the coastal enclave, a security guard noticed a strange piece of stone sticking out of the earth. What he found in January was part of a Roman necropolis dating from about 2,000 years ago - representative of the Palestinian territory's rich archaeological treasures. "The first excavations permitted the identification of about 40 tombs dating from the ancient Roman period between the first and second centuries AD," said French archaeologist Rene Elter, who led the team dispatched to Jabaliya."The necropolis is larger than these 40 tombs and should have between 80 and 100," he added. One of the burial sites found so far is decorated with multi-colored paintings representing crowns and garlands of bay leaves, as well as jars for funereal drinks, the archaeologist added.
ANGLETERRE – Lindisfarne - The beads, which were found on the island of Lindisfarne, date from the 8th to 9th century AD and are made from salmon vertebrae.
KAZAKHSTAN – Kyrk-Kyz - An ancient burial was uncovered during excavations at Kyrk-Kyz burial site near the Kyzart pass. Presumably woman's remains were buried in the center of a stone ring in a special stone box covered with a huge slab. Two gold earrings were also found in the grave, which made the assumption that it was a woman. "Similar earrings were previously found in Sak barrows of Kazakhstan. Based on this analogy and the structure of the barrows, the burial from Kyrk-Kyz can date back to the 7th and 4th centuries B.C. More precise date of the barrow may be suggested after in-depth research and radiocarbon analysis of samples from the bones of the barrow.
ISLANDE - Seyðisfjörður - The undamaged walls of a manmade structure dating back to the 11th century have been found in an archaeological dig in Seyðisfjörður, East Iceland. RÚV reports that the walls are in such good condition because they were buried by a landslide that occurred around 1150. There are plans in the works to build landslide barriers in Seyðisfjörður to protect the town, which has been subjected to a number of devastating mud- and landslides in recent years. So this summer, as during the previous two, archaeologists have been working to uncover and preserve whatever artefacts they may find in advance of this construction. A number of smaller artefacts were found last summer, some of which dated back to the earliest settlement of Iceland. The landslide from 1150 was discovered last autumn, and beneath it, four pagan graves. “What is perhaps the most interesting is that the landslide doesn’t appear to have damaged these houses,” she said. “Maybe it had lost all momentum by the time it had made it down here, to the settlement, and so just piled up along the turf walls and hills and so now we’re digging out unusually intact turf walls
AUSTRALIE – Pilbara - A re-evaluation of underwater stone scatters off Western Australia’s Pilbara coast, conducted by a team of researchers including members of the Murujuga Aboriginal Corporation, indicates that the sites may not be as old as previously thought. Researchers from Flinders University, UWA, James Cook University, and Airborne Research Australia had suggested that the underwater sites at Cape Bruguieres were undisturbed, and could be thousands of years old. The new study, led by geoarchaeologist Ingrid Ward of UWA, found that the scattered stone artifacts are not permanently submerged, and are likely to have been moved by waves and currents away from where they were first discarded. Ward said that the artifacts' age is unknown at this time—they could be 200 years old, 2,000 years old, or 20,000 years old.
MEXIQUE – Mexico - Four children in Mexico were buried in the years after the Spanish Conquest with rituals and grave offerings that suggest that pre-Hispanic customs lived on for some time after the Aztec empire fell. The National Institute of Anthropology and History said Monday the burials of children ranging from a newborn, to a girl aged between 6 and 8, were found in a working-class district just north of Mexico City’s historic center. When the Spanish conquered the Aztec capital in 1521, they quickly expelled the Indigenous Mexica population to the city’s edges, reserving the center for the homes of only Spaniards. Archaeologists estimate the children were buried in a layer of earth that dated to between 1521 and 1620. Even though the Spaniards quickly outlawed most pre-Hispanic ceremonies and religious practices, researchers found evidence the children were buried with Aztec style grave goods. The youngest, the newborn, was buried inside a pot, with other pots around it. The bulbous shape of the pot was thought to imitate the form of a uterus, and it was not clear if the child died before or after birth. Another offering found at the site included the bones of a bird in ceramic pot with blue coloring, associated with water. The older girl was buried with a large clay Aztec-style figurine depicting a female figure holding a child. Her skull showed signs of possible anemia, malnutrition or infection, signs that suggest life was hard for the Indigenous population in the years following the conquest.
CARAIBES – - Analysis of pottery samples from 11 islands in the Bahamas and Turks and Caicos has revealed where the vessels originated and offered clues to how they were used. The chemical composition of the pottery was compared to the levels of copper, nickel, chromium, and antimony found in island soils. Pottery made by the Lucayans, or People of the Islands, from the soils of the Bahamas and Turks and Caicos is known as Palmetto Ware. It is thick and soft due to the grainy soil blown in from the Saharan Desert. But the study indicates that much of the pottery found on these islands was made on the northwest coast of Hispaniola, a larger Caribbean Island located to the south. Pottery made in Hispaniola could have been used to transport a variety of goods to and from the Bahamas and Turks and Caicos. The researchers knew that the Lucayans were related to people in Hispaniola, explained Emily Kracht of the museum’s Ceramic Technology Lab, and this study indicates that their relationship endured over hundreds of years through pottery.
NORVEGE – Jåttå/Gausel - A Viking sword discovered by metal detectorists in Norway is revealing new insights into voyages in the North Sea. The sword was found in three pieces in the Jåttå/Gausel area in Stavanger, an area renowned for the grave of the “Gausel Queen” first discovered in 1883. Her grave is regarded among the richest Viking era female burials, containing silver and bronze clasps, silver arm rings, a finger-ring, pearls, knives, a bit and furnishings, cooking equipment, and parts of a reliquary, many of which came from the British Isles. Although the blade is missing, the hilt has unique details in gold and silver and includes gilded elements of the typical animal styles found during the Iron and Viking Age between AD 550 and 1050. The hilt also contains geometrical figures in silver, made with the so-called niello technique using a metallic mixture to make black stripes in the silver. Only 20 such similar swords have been found in Norway out of a total of around 3000 Viking sword finds.Examples of this sword type has been found in both Eastern and Western Europe, but very few in Norway, suggesting that the sword was likely imported. Although it is possible that the sword was a copy made by highly skilled local blacksmiths, the decor suggests that it was forged and crafted in France or England during AD 800. It has previously been suggested that the Jåttå/Gausel-area was the starting point for extensive alliances and looting. The sword and Gausel Queen burial now suggests that the area was an important hub for contact across the North Sea.
EGYPTE – Oun Matariya - La mission archéologique égypto-allemande opérant sur le site d’Oun Matariya à Héliopolis, à l’est du Caire, vient de découvrir des blocs de pierre sur lesquels sont inscrits le nom et quelques titres du roi Chéops de l’Ancien Empire. La présence de Chéops à Héliopolis est normale. Presque tous les rois de l’Egypte Ancienne ont eu recours à cette région et au grand temple du dieu Rê (temple du Soleil) à Oun qui fut le centre du culte solaire de l’Egypte et la capitale religieuse du pays; mais ces blocs peuvent aussi avoir été déplacés de l’ancienne nécropole de Memphis pour les réutiliser dans des constructions au sein du temple du roi Soleil .