28 JUIN 2016 NEWS: Angkor Wat - Uşaklı - Koppa -
INSTITUT SUPERIEUR D'ANTHROPOLOGIE
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SUMMER TERM : JULY 2016
CAMBODGE – Angkor Wat - Tests have confirmed that a wooden boat found buried in a dry riverbed near Cambodia's famous Angkor Wat temple complex is from the early 13th century, an official at the agency overseeing the archaeological site said Monday. Apsara Authority spokesman Long Kosal said tests by a research institute in New Zealand confirmed the age of the 12.8-meter (42-foot) -long boat, which was carved from a single tree trunk. He said it is the oldest boat ever found in Cambodia, and its discovery will be useful for scholars of the Angkor era, when the Khmer empire dominated the region from the 9th to 15th centuries. A farmer discovered the boat in April while digging mud from the riverbed, several kilometers (miles) from the temple complex. The boat has been sunk in a pond in front of the temple to keep it preserved pending restoration for public viewing.
TURQUIE – Uşaklı Mound - This year’s excavations at the Uşaklı Mound in Yozgat have unearthed two structures that may be part of “Zippalanda,” an ancient Hittite center. Last year, 4,000 year-old cuneiform scripts were found at the mound in the Central Anatolian province of Yozgat’s Sorgun district. Excavations started in 2008 in the Uşaklı Mound, close to the Büyük Taşlık village, by a team headed by Florence University Professor Stefania Mazzoni. This year works at the ruins have unearthed two structures, possibly a temple and a castle. The deputy head of the excavations, Florence University’s Valentina Orsi, said they were trying to know the field with a previous surface survey and the mound had “significant historical features.” Four pieces of cuneiform script and pottery found in the field show that the mound developed in the Hittite era, said Orsi. “The Uşaklı Mound might be Zippalanda, which is mentioned in ancient Hittite documents. Its geographical location and closeness to the Kerkenes Mountain verify this estimation. Excavations that were carried out in 2013 in collaboration with Yozgat Museum and Florence University, unearthed a big public structure, which has a deep and strong foundation,” she added. Orsi said they discovered important findings every year at the site since 2008. “So far we have found two important buildings. One is most probably a sacred place, which we think is a temple. We think the other is a castle. The findings show us that the region was a very important settlement, a big city. We also found five cuneiform scripts from the Hittite era. They are different from each other, showing that different cities had relations with each other in the Hittite era,” she added.
INDE – Koppa - Archaeologists have not just discovered 70 burials from the Iron Age in Koppa, Karnataka, they have, for the first time, shown that people also lived near burials and cultivated ragi and paddy crops. Koppa is an early Iron Age megalithic burial site, located on the right bank of the Cauvery in Periyyapatna taluk, Mysuru district. "Koppa was discovered in 1868 by captain Cole, who was then the superintendent of Coorg (under Madras presidency). In the same year, he opened up 17 megaliths or burials. Later, KK Subbayya excavated a few more burials in Koppa. While archaeologists believed that the megaliths had been destroyed, Arjun during his explorations, discovered that around 70 of them existed in the periphery of the villages in Koppa on granitic escarpments. Bunding of field boulders across the agricultural fields helped in locating the site. "The ongoing surface survey project has gained enough evidences to consider Koppa as a habitation-cum-burial site, with major offsite activities," said the findings published in the Current Science journal. Iron Age in Koppa, according to the research paper, was a dispersed settlement and had a strong belief in megalithism or honouring the dead, which was at the "centre of their habitation and overall functioning of the society". "The significance of this research is that for the first time, we have an understanding of the landscape and their settlement pattern over the upper reaches of the Cauvery river bank. We can now conclude that people had located themselves within the given natural resources under tropical wet climatic condition of Western Ghats and the control of such resource locations might have played a decisive role in the societal and political functioning," said Rao.