23 MAI 2018: Loch Lomond - Rhoudias - Ilfracombe -
INSTITUT SUPERIEUR D'ANTHROPOLOGIE
INSTITUTE OF ANTHROPOLOGY
ONLINE COURSES / COURS A DISTANCE
SUMMER TERM : JULY 2018
ROYAUME UNI – Loch Lomond - Archaeologists have traced a series of lost settlements around Loch Lomond for the first time. More than 80 sites were found on the western shores of the loch and through the straths of Arrochar, with remnants of homes, byres, shielings, farmsteads and possibly a mill recovered. The vast majority of sites were previously unknown with the remnants largely scattered over 30 settlements, many which have not been mapped before. Also discovered was a possible watchtower on Tarbet Island, which sits to the north west of the loch, which may have been used by clansmen to monitor activity on the water. Early 17th Century almhouses on the western shore at Creag a’Phuirt, which sits opposite the former seat of Clan MacFarlane on the island of Elanvow, has also been pinpointed.
CHYPRE - Rhoudias - New finds including stone tools, pictographs, jewellery and animal feed have been uncovered during the latest excavations at a Neolithic site in the Troodos mountains by a research team from the department of history and archaeology at the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (AUT). The Rhoudias site is situated in the south foothills of Troodos near the Xeros River in the Paphos District and the project comes under the direction of Professor Nikolaos Efstratiou from AUT, an announcement said. The new finds were discovered some metres away from an earlier hunter-gatherer settlement named Ayios Ioannis/Brescia-Rhoudias, which has been excavated by the same archaeological team for a number of years. The new location has been named Ayios Ioannis/Brescia-Ano Rhoudias and according to the initial evidence, was an agricultural settlement, “the extent and exact nature of which is still under investigation,” the antiquities department said.“This new evidence confirms that the mountainous hinterland of Cyprus is equally important to the research interests as the lowlands and mainly coastal areas as far as the early prehistory of the island is concerned,” it added.“It should be noted that stone tools and vases found in the wider area had preceded the archaeological research, confirming the estimation of the archaeologists that in the early prehistoric years, Troodos was not an area of exclusively seasonal and marginal activities, such as hunting, but also had a permanent presence of farmers and breeders from groups that among other things were characterised by intense mobility, and the movement of raw materials”. Part of the Troodos digs is to explore the area’s environmental dynamics, which the antiquities department said must have greatly affected the decisions made by the hunter-gatherer groups who seem to have visited this area frequently throughout the island’s early prehistory (10,000 – 6,000 BC). The finds so far in the area as a whole have reinforced the view that the particular river terrace in the Troodos mountains, next to the Xeros, was repeatedly visited by groups of hunter-gatherers who remained at the site for an unknown period each time, and whose trip was part of a route from the coast to the mountains and vice-versa but, according to the latest discoveries, also had permanent settlement. The department stressed however that the “absolute dating from the Roudhias site” was still pending.
ROYAUME UNI – Ilfracombe - A film crew and archaeologists have been exploring the mystery of the infamous ship wreck of The London at Rapparee Cove in Ilfracombe. Investigations led by Professor Mark Horton of the BBC’s Coast fame have focussed on the beach and possible underwater sites of the 1796 wreck, working over the weekend to take advantage of the low tides. Many believe the ship was carrying around 60 black slaves when it wrecked one October afternoon while travelling from St Lucia to Bristol and in 1997 Prof Horton and local historian Pat Barrow led a dig which found human bones on the beach. It is thought as many as 60-100 bodies might still lie beneath the cliffs and has long been debated whether the victims were slaves or perhaps prisoners of war.