23 MAI 2016 NEWS: Udupi - Herculaneum - Herefordshire - Ipswich - San Antonio - Yeşilova Mound -
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INDE – Udupi - Work on the partial restoration of the 600 year old historical mud palace, Sural Palace will be completed by the end of May. Tolahars a Jain Royal family, is said to have built this mud palace during the eleventh century. This vernacular architectural palace was unknown to the outside world till the 1970s. The restoration work had begun in the 1980s. Seven courtyard places had been identified at this place. They are Hebbagilu chavadi, Perduru Magani chavani, pattada chavadi, Jain's basadi, Padmavati Amma temple, toilets and sanitation blocks and cowshed, special kitchen blocks.
ITALIE – Herculaneum - A group of British, American and French scholars is calling for the immediate resumption of excavations at the Villa of the Papyri at Herculaneum, which was buried by the eruption of Vesuvius in AD79. The villa, which is near Pompeii, was first explored in the 1750s when archaeologists discovered the only intact library of texts from the Classical era. The papyri found so far are Greek works of philosophy; the hope is that other Greek texts as well as Latin ones by some of the greatest writers of Antiquity may still be underground. In a letter to the Times newspaper in late March the academics lamented the fact that “there has been no new [excavation] work since 2009…the excavation must be finished”, they wrote. Others believe the focus should be on preserving what has already been exposed, not on finding more. In their letter to the Times in London calling for further excavation of the Villa of the Papyri at Herculaneum, the academics warned that “another eruption of Vesuvius may put the villa beyond reach forever”.
ROYAUME UNI – Herefordshire - Remnants of a dress belonging to Queen Elizabeth I may have been found in an altar cloth in Herefordshire. The fabric at St Faith's Church in Bacton has been identified by experts as a piece of a 16th Century dress. An examination by Historic Royal Palaces curators has strengthened a theory it formed part of a court dress. The Queen is depicted in the Rainbow Portrait wearing a similar fabric, but no documentary evidence has been found to suggest the dress was worn by her. Historians believe the monarch could have gifted the garment to one of her servants, Blanche Parry. Dating back to the last decades of the 16th Century, the altar cloth that hung in a glass case at St Faith's Church has long been associated with Parry, who was born in Bacton. It is made from cloth of silver; a high status fabric which Tudor sumptuary law dictated could only be worn by royalty or the highest echelons of the aristocracy.
ROYAUME UNI – Ipswich - A pit descending three metres has been excavated in the car park, hopefully deep enough to take archaeologists back to Anglo-Saxon levels. This part of Ipswich is believed to be the most historic of one of the longest-established English towns. Undertaking the dig are Tam Webster and James Fairbairn, of Oxford Archaeology East. “We have got some medieval soils, bone, pot and tools,” said Mr Webster. “We were hoping to get to Saxon ground because Ipswich is famous for it. That’s the exciting thing – you don’t know what you are going to find.” Mr Fairbairn added: “We are picking up things like oyster shell. It was a staple diet in the late medieval period. Everything we are finding is indicative of a low status medieval settlement. We have found bones, so we know people were eating meat. We are in the heart of Saxon Ipswich.”
USA – San Antonio - Archaeologists are revealing the location of the site where they believe San Antonio's first mission once stood, saying the Alamo had two predecessors. "There were three locations of Mission San Antonio de Valero," said Kay Hindes, city archaeologist. She says the first site is likely somewhere near the Christopher Columbus Italian Society near I-10 and I-35. It was founded in 1718. "They were only here about a year, so it was a very short-lived site," she said. It's unclear why the mission was moved, possibly to the La Villita area. A hurricane hit in 1724, and then came the Alamo. "Most people don't realize there are three locations," Hindes said. "Mission San Jose also had three locations." Hindes recovered artifacts, including pottery, beads and nails, not far from the Italian Society. Some of the items were buried, but she saw others that were on the ground, eroding but visible 300 years later. "I looked down and started seeing the metal and I literally, really, I just had to sit down on the ground," she said, "because I was like 'This is too incredible.'" Councilman Roberto Treviño was working on an architectural project in the area when he got involved with the effort to unearth the history. "This is historic for the Italian buildings that are here," he said, "but underneath that is the original San Antonio de Valero. That's an extra layer of history." Treviño added historians have been searching for the site for a hundred years. "People traveled thousands of miles from central Mexico up here, by foot, by the way, to find the site, to establish the site," he said. Hindes said the artifacts date to the correct time period, and written records as well as topography point to the Italian Society as being the location of the Alamo's predecessor. "We don't know for sure, but we hypothesize that probably they would have put the mission at the highest point," Hindes said. Treviño said a plaque at the Alamo states the mission was founded in 1718, rather than 1724. "It's actually incorrect, but we're setting the record straight."
TURQUIE – Yeşilova Mound - The ancients of the Neolithic era 8,500 years ago might have been “painting the town red” a whole lot earlier than over-exuberant revelers of the 1800s, according to new findings from the Yeşilova Mound in İzmir, which suggest red was the favorite color of the prehistoric inhabitants and was used extensively. “Ancient people … particularly liked red and pink,” said the head of the Yeşilova Mound excavations, Professor Zafer Derin. Derin said the color red was identified with “fire” and “blood” 8,500 years ago, adding that it also meant “peace” and was used on the walls and ceilings of houses. He said they also believed that red was used in dresses, although they had not yet found any evidence to support their hypothesis. “We think that they painted their bodies with red when they were sick. Red was acquired from hematite, which is a natural substance. They learned that natural hematite sources gave the color red.” The professor said they had reached findings related to two different periods of İzmir, peace and war times. He said that they had found many things such as pots, pans and stone tools, and tried to determine facts about daily life thousands of years ago with those materials. “We try to reveal people’s lives by examining them. We want to learn about the production of these tools, the groups that these people had relations with and their trade activities,” he said.