22 AOUT 2018: Idna - Ngari - Sweida -
INSTITUT SUPERIEUR D'ANTHROPOLOGIE
INSTITUTE OF ANTHROPOLOGY
ONLINE COURSES / COURS A DISTANCE
FALL TERM : OCTOBER 2018
PALESTINE – Idna - A set of Roman-era tombs dating back some 2,000 years have been discovered near the West Bank city of Hebron during road works, an official said Thursday. The cemetery dating to the first century AD, when the region was under Roman rule, was found in the Palestinian village of Idna in the southern West Bank around two weeks ago. It was discovered during road work in mountainous terrain in the area, said Taleb Jubran, director of the department of tourism and antiquities in Hebron. Bones, pottery and some 32 tombs set into stone were found. It was clear to archaeologists that artifacts had been stolen from the site before it was officially discovered, said Jubran.
TIBET - Ngari - Over 30 specialists from Tibet and other provinces are leading the field trips in Ngari Prefecture, located 4,500 meters above sea level in the west part of the Tibet Autonomous Region. The large-scale field explorations, the first of their kind, aim to explore the early civilizations of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, said Shaka Wandu, an assistant researcher with Tibet's regional cultural protection research institute. Current studies in early civilizations from the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, particularly the Shangshung civilizations, are mainly focused on the archives, linguistics, religious and anthropological fields, while archaeological studies are lacking, experts said. "Most of us know that Tibet's main burial custom is the sky burial, but we discovered that tombs were a very common existence in ancient Tibet," said Zhang Jianlin, a professor with the Shaanxi Archaeology Institute. In the past 20 years, dozens of tombs were found in the Ngari Prefecture. Numerous artifacts made from bronze, gold, wood and glass beads were unearthed. A gold mask from the second century and pieces of silk and tea from the third century were among the most prominent findings. The tombs found in Ngari Prefecture date back between 1,500 BC and the fourth century AD. They were built with stones, wooden sheds and through digging pathways and caves beneath the ground, Zhang said. "For example, we try to understand the burial postures for people in the coffin. By analyzing the bone structures, we try to determine whether the prehistoric residents rode horses or mainly walked and whether the artifacts and grains were locally made or imported," said Zhang. In July last year, a tomb believed to be the earliest in western Tibet was found at the Gadpa Serrul remains, located in Zada County. The tomb was built 3,560 and 3,000 years ago. Over 300 relics made from ceramic, stone, bone, copper, iron, wood, glass, shells and leather were found from the area. There were 100 human and animal skeletons, and archaeologists also found charcoal and seeds.
SYRIE – Sweida - he recent archeological excavations by the national expedition at Sweida Antiquities Department, which is currently working at the site of the Great Church in Sweida Old City, have unearthed a number of archeological findings which date back to the classical eras. Director of Sweida Antiquities Department Dr. Nashaat Kiwan told SANA that the archeological findings included a foundation floor of a mosaic painting, in addition to some doors and architectural pieces such as crowns, pottery pieces and ancient coins. Kiwan added that the expedition is continuing its work at the site to unearth new archeological artifacts to get more acquainted with the architectural design of the church which is considered as one of the most important archeological monuments in Sweida Old City. He indicated that the expedition also continues its wok at a number of other archeological sites in the city.