21 OCTOBRE 2014 NEWS: Binh Chau - Newark - Zakynthos - Starosel -
INSTITUT SUPERIEUR D'ANTHROPOLOGIE
INSTITUTE OF ANTHROPOLOGY
ONLINE COURSES / COURS A DISTANCE
WINTER TERM : JANUARY 2015
VIET NAM – Binh Chau - During an international seminar on underwater archeology in Vietnam and Southeast Asia, held in Quang Ngai province last week, hundreds of scientists and underwater archeologists conducted a survey and a scuba diving tour in Binh Chau. At the age of 80, underwater archeologist Borje Rorssell (Sweden) did not hesitate to wear diving clothes and scuba to explore the waters of Binh Chau. After two hours of diving to see wrecks there, Rorssell said the shipwrecks contained many ceramic antiquities with beautiful patterns. The wrecks are only 4m under the water’s surface so it is very favorable for the development of diving tours. Introducing this “graveyard of ancient ships" to international friends, Vietnamese underwater cultural heritage expert - Nguyen Tuan Lam - said scientists surveyed an area within a radius of 10 km2 in the Strait of Vung Tau of Binh Chau Commune. They discovered 10 ancient sunken ships. Two of the ships have been excavated. The rest have many ceramic antiques and tools of the crew dating back to the 8th-18th centuries. They are very near the coast. In particular, there is an ancient wreck made of ropes of about 1,200 years old (equivalent to the 8th century). Associate Professor Mark Staniforth, from Monash University (Australia), an underwater cultural heritage archaeologist, said the presence of many ancient sunken ships in this area demonstrated that Binh Chau was one of the busiest commercial ports in the world.
ROYAUME UNI – Newark - A suspected witch bottle has been unearthed by archaeologists during a dig at the site of the new Civil War Centre in Nottinghamshire. The green bottle, which is about 15cm (5.9in) tall, was probably used in the 1700s to ward off evil spells cast by witches, researchers believe. The witch bottles were usually filled with fingernails, hair and even urine. The relic was found during a project to restore the Old Magnus Building for use as a museum and visitor centre. A witch bottle was found in the foundations of a house in Navenby in Lincolnshire in 2005 They often contained pins, fingernails or urine and were used to ward off evil spirits. The bottles were usually made of stoneware or glass but sometimes old inkwells or candlesticks were used. The most famous witch trials in Britain took place at North Berwick, in Scotland, in 1591 and Pendle, Lancashire, in 1612. As many as 300 people were executed for witchcraft in eastern England between 1644-46, even though the laws against witchcraft were repealed in 1736.
GRECE – Zakynthos - The Spanish shipwreck that lies in the sea bottom just off the coast of Zakynthos, Greece, continues to amaze archaeologists with its hidden treasures. The ship dates back to the end of the 15th century and archaeologists have brought to light numerous discoveries that show the greatness of the Spanish navy during that era. his year’s systematic underwater exploration, conducted by the General Directorate of Antiquities and Cultural Heritage, focused on the central part of the shipwreck and was completed on October 6 under the direction of archaeologist Katerina Dellaporta. The operation revealed the frames on the west and east sides of the keelson, and part of the tween deck (the intermediate deck). The ship’s wooden frame has been preserved, allowing the study of the transitional art of shipbuilding during the 15th and 16th centuries. The ship dates to the era shortly after the Battle of Naupactus and it is the only remaining shipwreck of the Spanish navy during the reign of Philip II of Spain, according to several silver coins found on board, as well as the initials engraved on a pistol grip. Given that the lifting, maintenance and exhibition of wooden shipwrecks are not always financially feasible, UNESCO has requested the ‘in situ’ protection and management of shipwrecks.
BULGARIE – Starosel - The Thracian temple near the village of Starosel in central Bulgaria is falling apart and may not survive the winter, warned the village Mayor Ivan Zhutev, quoted by the Nova TV national channel. The temple, uncovered by archaeologist Georgi Kitov and his team 15 years ago, is the largest on the Balkan peninsula and is visited by more than 30 000 tourists each year. According to Zhutev the wooden supports at the anteroom are rotting and the dome of the temple is being destroyed by humidity. In Zhotev's estimates the restoration and conservation of the temple would cost BGN 500 000. He said he had sent numerous letters to the Culture Ministry, which was supposed to set aside the sum five years ago.