20 JUIN 2016 NEWS: Cass - Barranc de la Boella - Gölyazı - Kocaeli - Little Sioux River -
INSTITUT SUPERIEUR D'ANTHROPOLOGIE
INSTITUTE OF ANTHROPOLOGY
ONLINE COURSES / COURS A DISTANCE
SUMMER TERM : JULY 2016
USA – Cass - Visitors to what is now northwestern Cass County 750 years ago couldn't have missed it -- a city with a large, open, central plaza area, platform mounds and numerous houses, all surrounded by 10-foot-tall defensive walls that stretched for more than 1,000 feet in each direction. Now, the only visible evidence of this once great Native American city are two open tents like those found shading a flea market booth. Underneath those tents in the middle of a cornfield are the 10 members of an Indiana University archaeology field school that has for six consecutive summers been painstakingly searching for clues about the prehistoric city and the people who lived there.
ESPAGNE - Barranc de la Boella - A collection of 50 individual flint tools, which could be up to one million years old, has been unearthed at the archaeological site Barranc de la Boella, in the village of Canonja, Spain, (approximately 80 kms south of Barcelona) according to a press release from the Catalan Institute of Human Paleo-Ecology and Social Evolution (IPHES). IPHES researcher and co-director of the dig, Josep Vallverdú, told the Catalan News Agency the site “contains the oldest files on human evolution in Catalonia and on the Iberian Peninsula”, the full potential of which is still unknown. The tools were discovered in an area referred to as La Mina, and are extremely well-preserved given their age – which experts have estimated to be between 800,000 and 1 million years old. Several large fragmented pieces of deer antler, the femur bone from a rhinoceros and numerous hyena coprolites (fossilized dung) were discovered in the same layer and are the same age and just as well-preserved as the tools. At this time, only four layers of archaeological and paleontological material at Barranc de la Boella have been identified. As for the artifacts and remains discovered during this excavation project, the wide range of animal fossils is very interesting to the research team as they believe they offer important information about the ancient river ecosystems, and the Francolí Delta Basin in particular, which until now has been unknown.
TURQUIE – Gölyazı - Uludağ University (UÜ) Department of Archaeology aims to introduce Bursa's Gölyazı neighborhood, which is also called "Little Venice," to tourism after the completion of the archeological excavations currently being conducted in the region. Gölyazı is surrounded by city walls on three sides and stands out with its natural beauty and historical importance. The ancient city, which is located under modern residences, is named "Apollonia ad Rhyndacum." Although the ancient city was believed to be established in fifth century B.C., recent studies show that the city was founded in the mid-second century B.C. This year's excavation season kicked off on Kız Ada in Lake Uluabat where an ancient temple dedicated to Apollo is located. According to the early sketches of the ruins by French explorers M.P. Le Bas and S. Reinach in the 1800s, the temple on the island is one kilometer from the coast. No other document that survived to the present day shows any sign of a holy place other than the temple.
TURQUIE – Kocaeli - Excavation works in the northwestern province of Kocaeli’s İzmit district have revealed the 17-step stairs of a temple that is believed to date back to the Roman era 2,000 years ago. “As part of work in the region, we found a 17-step temple stairs,” Provincial Culture and Tourism Director Adnan Zamburkan said. “We see that the stairs continue upwards. There are the remains of a tunnel underneath the stairs. We think that the structures are connected to each other. This is the area where Nicomedia [ancient İzmit] was formed. We think that historical artifacts are in this field,” he said. He also said they found a statue of the goddess of health had been found during the initial stage of the operations. İzmit served as a capital in the Roman Empire and was a coastal town in which the world’s most magnificent palace sculptures were constructed, Zamburkan said. The artifacts were discovered three months ago, when a local wanted to drill in the third-degree archaeological field in the Çukurbağ neighborhood for construction. “A sculpture was found during the works and excavations started in the area,” he said.
USA – Little Sioux River - The Little Sioux River watershed is dense with some of the most important archaeological sites in Iowa. However, only a small portion of the watershed has been professionally surveyed by archaeologists. The Sanford Museum in Cherokee recently hosted an eight-day archaeology field school focused on identifying new archaeological sites along the Little Sioux River and its tributaries. They discovered four new archaeological sites. All four were found on private properties east of Martin's Access County Park in northern Cherokee County. Some of the prehistoric artifacts found at the sites include: stone chippings (or flakes), ceramic sherds, and stone tools. The patterns on the ceramics suggest that two of the sites are at least 2,000 years old. Stroh believes the sites that were discovered this year are temporary camps dating to the Woodland Culture in Iowa, which spread about 3,000 years ago and thrived for over 1,000 years.