19 FEVRIER 2016 NEWS: Montana - Egypte -
INSTITUT SUPERIEUR D'ANTHROPOLOGIE
INSTITUTE OF ANTHROPOLOGY
ONLINE COURSES / COURS A DISTANCE
SPRING TERM : APRIL 2016
BULGARIE – Montana - The northwestern Bulgarian city of Montana, the modern-day successor of the Ancient Roman city and fortress of Montanesium, is going to excavate and restore partly a 4thcentury Early Christian basilica withSyrian-type architecture as part of a joint cultural project with the town of Pirot in Eastern Serbia. The temple dates back to the first half of the 4th century AD, i.e. the period of the reign of Emperor Constantine the Great (r. 306-337 AD), after Christianity was legalized in the Roman Empire with the Edict of Milan in 313 AD. The ruins of the Early Christian temple are located outside the fortress walls of Montanesium, so that it would allow easier access for the residents of the plain lying to the northeast. The basilica was 24 meters long, and is estimated to have been between 15 and 18 meters tall.
EGYPTE – - New tests show that a linen dress found in an Egyptian tomb dates backmore than 5,000 years, making it the oldest woven garment yet found. Beautifully stitched and pleated, it signals the complexity and wealth of the ancient society that produced it. The garment, known as the Tarkhan dress, is a find of surpassing rarity. Few pieces of early clothing, which was made from plant fibers or animal skins, escaped disintegration. Textiles recovered from archaeological sites are generally no older than 2,000 years, says Alice Stevenson, curator of London’s Petrie Museum of Egyptian Archaeology and an author of a new study in the journal Antiquity about the dress’s age. handful of garments of similar age have survived to the present day, but those were simply wrapped or draped around the body. The Tarkhan dress, on the other hand, is ancient haute couture. With its tailored sleeves, V-neck, and narrow pleats, it would look perfectly at home in a modern department store. Such fine detail could only have been turned out by a specialized craftsperson. And such people arise only in a prosperous and hierarchical society, such as the ancient Egypt of 5,000 years ago, a time when the kingdom was first united under a single ruler.