19 AVRIL 2018: Akrotiri - Summerston - Talle Zahhak - Kesanapalli -
INSTITUT SUPERIEUR D'ANTHROPOLOGIE
INSTITUTE OF ANTHROPOLOGY
ONLINE COURSES / COURS A DISTANCE
SPRING TERM : APRIL 2018
CHYPRE - Akrotiri - The excavations began in 2015 as part of an effort to rescue artefacts from the ruins that are now inside the grounds of RAF Akrotiri. Digging has uncovered the foundations of buildings that are thought to have been built in the 3rd century, and were destroyed in an earthquake around the year 360 AD. The site is believed to contain the remains of a ship repair yard. Archaeology student Pauline Carroll says their findings support the idea that it was once a busy Roman port.
ROYAUME UNI – Summerston - Cutting-edge research carried out on remnants of the Antonine Wall have revealed that parts of the Roman Empire’s most northerly frontier were originally painted in bright reds and vibrant yellows. Dr Louisa Campbell, of Glasgow University’s archaeology department, has traced miniscule pigments on the wall’s distance stones, which were created by the Roman Legions to chart construction progress, using X-ray and laser technology. The results “cast new light” on how the wall appeared to both the Roman soldiers and local population at the time with the colours used to enhance the impact of the “propaganda” of the occupying forces. The research has shown that red was used to paint both the cloaks of Roman officers and drops of blood of their captives with shades of ochre used to build up skin tones. The Antonine Wall, made from turf and timber, spanned around 37 miles between the Firth of Forth and the Firth of Clyde. At one point, up to 7,000 men were stationed along the wall in seventeen forts and several smaller enclosures. The frontier was abandoned around 162AD, roughly 20 years after it was first ordered by Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius, with the forces withdrawing to Hadrian’s Wall.
IRAN – Talle Zahhak - According to archeological surveys, Talle Zahhak which experienced a period of high development in the Parthian, Achaemenid, Sassanid and early Islamic centuries, also enjoyed high importance in the Ilamite, the Achaemenid and the Seleucid Empire. The head of the archeology team further remarked that although it is soon to make any comment on the condition of settlement in that area, however, with regard to the dispersion of cultural materials the present span of the site could be estimated at about 600 hectares. It seems that settlement steadily continued in the area from the fourth millennium BC up to the middle Islamic centuries which reached its peak in the Parthian, Sassanid and early Islamic centuries. According to him, furthermore, by reliance on the surface findings, Talle Zahhak enjoyed special importance in the Ilamite, the Achaemenid and the Seleucid eras.
INDE - Kesanapalli - A pre-historic rock art site discovered in the vast expanse of limestone blocks on the eastern banks of Naguleru near Dachepalli has thrown light on the Neolithic civilisation that flourished in Guntur during 1500-2000 BC. The site, unearthed by freelance archaeologist Kadiyala Venkateswara Rao at Kesanapalli village in Dachepalli mandal, has excited archaeologists and is expected to trigger further excavations. What has made archaeologists look up this latest discovery is the dexterity with which early human was able to engrave different animal motifs like fish, snake, peacock, eagle, bull and scorpion on limestone blocks. One petroglyph shows an anthropomorphic figure with its head in between the two hands. Another engraving shows a warrior holding a sword and a shield, indicating the practices during Iron Age.