18 MAI 2018: Rochester - Lhasa - Latmos -
INSTITUT SUPERIEUR D'ANTHROPOLOGIE
INSTITUTE OF ANTHROPOLOGY
ONLINE COURSES / COURS A DISTANCE
SUMMER TERM : JULY 2018
ROYAUME UNI – Rochester - After more than a year of painstaking excavations, pictures showing the medieval archaeological find that halted maintenance work on the Rochester Esplanade in November 2016 have finally been released. The discovery was of a water gate, an entrance to the castle via the River Medway, which was filled in more than 160 years ago during reconstruction work on the Esplanade. Interestingly, stone steps were discovered which are believed to have been installed during the Victorian era to allow visitors access to see the old water gate.
TIBET – Lhasa - More than 100 ancient tombs have been discovered in Lhasa, capital of southwest China's Tibet Autonomous Region, according to the regional cultural protection institute. Archeologists found the tombs late last year during the excavation of a graveyard covering more than 200,000 square meters in Quxu County, said Norbu Tashi, a researcher at the institute. Due to centuries of erosion by rain and the impact of human activities, the tombs all show signs of damage to various degrees, according to archeologists. When excavating two of the tombs, archeologists found pieces of human bone and ceramic relics, which radiocarbon tests showed were 1,180 to 1,286 years old. "As the excavation continues, it will shed more light on how tombs were built in ancient times as well as the broader cultural landscape in the region," said Norbu Tashi
TURQUIE – Latmos - Two new inns and a rock shelter have been discovered on Mount Latmos (Beşparmak), located between the western provinces of Aydın and Muğla. The wall of the inns are decorated with paintings, dating back to eight thousand years ago, and the rock shelter is decorated with frescoes. The first rock paintings were first discovered on Mount Latmos in 1994 by German archaeologist Dr. Anneliese Peschlow. The Association of Ecosystem Protection and Nature Lovers (EKODOSD) president Bahattin Sürücü said the paintings in the inns had been given damage by people. “In one of the inns, the wall paintings are in pretty good condition. They consist of non-human figures. In the other cave, the paintings have been destroyed because of climate conditions through time and fire burned by people in the cave. Locals have told us hunters and other visitors have burned fire in the caves in Mount Latmos, which has damaged the walls. The mount is not under conservation status except for its well-known archaeological sites,” said Sürücü, adding that those wall paintings should be taken under protection. The EKODOSD president said the frescoes in one of the caves had also been damaged by insensible people. “Another newly found painting was the Byzantine-era frescoes located under a rock shelter. Unfortunately, these paintings are full of damage caused by treasure hunters, as well as drawings made by people with ceramics,” he said. Sürücü said the rock paintings and frescoes in Mount Latmos were not only under threat by treasure hunters but also mine pits. “There is much undiscovered heritage in the mysterious geography of Mount Latmos, which is home to many Byzantine-era monasteries, churches and defense castles. It will take surface surveys that will continue for dozens of years to unearth this heritage in thousands of castle structures. But the virgin geography of Latmos, its unique geological structure and natural and cultural values are under threat because of new mine pits. While we can see the damage caused by current mine pits, new ones will put them under more danger. The Cultural and Natural Heritage Preservation Board, Aydın and Milet Archaeology Museums and other relevant ministries should show the same sensibility,” he said.