18 DECEMBRE 2015 NEWS: Worthy Down - Kursi - Lincoln - Çorum - Babimost - Halton -
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ROYAUME UNI – Worthy Down - Roman remains have been uncovered by workmen preparing a site for a new defence college near Winchester. The cluster of 11 skeletons dating from the 3rd and 4th Centuries were discovered at Worthy Down during work on a new armed forces building. The discovery has been described as the "first extensive remains" of the Roman period in the area by archaeologists. Artefacts found with the skeletons included a coin from the reign of Emperor Valens (AD364-378). Archaeologists who exhumed the bodies said the find included a "surprisingly wide range of burial practices".
ISRAEL – Kursi - Archaeologists from Haifa University discovered a large marble slab with Hebrew writing, on Wednesday, December 16. The slab has been dated to approximately 500 A.D. and was found at the site of a 1,500 year-old village, now considered to be the Biblical Kursi. The discovery was made on the northeastern shore of the Sea of Galilee (Kinneret), in the vicinity of the Kursi National Park, where a Byzantine monastery stood, marking the place where according to the New Testament, Jesus performed one of his miracles. “This is the first indication that there was a Jewish village on this spot, and it reinforces the theory, so far held in folklore, that this is the town of Kursi where Jesus performed the ‘Miracle of the Swine,’” said Professor Michal Artzy, who manages the archaeological dig for the Haifa University. According to the Haifa University Department of Archaeology, the site was made accessible only recently, with the decline of the Kinneret sea level. “The marble slab was found at the entrance to an inner chamber of what seems to be an ancient synagogue, and is the only inscribed slab of this kind ever found in Israel,” said Professor Artzy. The marble itself has been identified as non-native to ancient Judea and Galilee and is therefore assumed by the archaeologists to have been commissioned from Greece, suggesting that the village that existed there was a thriving community. Haifa University experts are currently working on deciphering the scripture on the slab which they said is in Aramaic but written in Hebrew letters. So far, two words have been positively identified, “Amen” and “Marmaria.”
ROYAUME UNI – Lincoln - The discovery of 23 skeletons in the centre of Lincoln is the biggest and most tightly packed find of Roman burials ever, according to the city archaeologist. Dating from at least 1,500 years ago, the skeletons and grave goods including bone combs and pottery, will now be analysed by specialists and eventually stored at The Collection. Roman tradition dictated that the dead must be buried outside the city walls and there are seven known graveyards including Newland, the Monks Road area, Wragby Road and Newport. However, despite around 400 years of Roman Lincoln, which developed from a fort into a home for retired legionaries called Lindum Colonia with a population of 6,000 to 8,000 people, there have been few burial finds comparable with a settlement of its size. But analysis of previous finds of burials showed evidence of rickets and tuberculosis among residents of Roman Lincoln. Mr MacIntosh said: "Lincoln was a major Roman settlement from its founding in around AD70 to the departure of the legions in AD410. "It was served by large cemeteries.
TURQUIE – Çorum - A 3,600-year-old Hittite-era seal has been found in a box during a police operation held in the Central Anatolian province of Çorum. The seal was one of two of its kind in the world. Examinations revealed the seal was used for writing between the king and a clerk and was one of only two in the world. The other seal was reported to have been smuggled from Çorum to the U.S. and put on display at a museum.
POLOGNE – Babimost - Archaeological Museum of the Middle Oder in Świdnica near Zielona Góra received yet another treasure - approx. 400 objects of bronze with a total weight of 14 kg, preliminarily dated to the end of the Bronze Age, the period of 900 - 700 BC. The discovery was made in late November in the municipality of Babimost, near Nowe Kramsko. Bronze objects were probably ploughed up and rested on the surface together with vessel fragments. This area is known for numerous finds of this kind, and quite rich settlement. The inventory includes the entire equipment of bronze workshop: moulds, finished objects, as well as bronze scrap, production waste. The owner of the workshop mainly made axes and sickles, perhaps also tips of spears "- Orlicka-Jasnoch told PAP. According to specialists, the most interesting objects in the set are two bronze moulds, one for making of axes, the other for making sickles.
ROYAUME UNI – Halton Castle – Intriguing details about two human skeletons found at Halton Castle have been revealed. The remains of a man and woman had been buried in a wall 400 years ago. Lynn Smith, senior keeper at Norton Priory revealed that the man had 'suffered greatly in his life' due to broken bones in both of his legs, which caused arthritis and bone infection. Sarah Cattell from Salford University, lead archaeologist on the dig, outlined many other fascinating finds. Including a medieval jeton, similar to a coin, that may have come from Germany.