17 NOVEMBRE 2011 NEWS
INDI-UNI : ANTHROPOLOGY - ARCHAEOLOGY
INSCRIPTION 2011 – 2012 COURS A DISTANCE
REGISTRATION 2011 – 2012 ONLINE COURSES
TURQUIE – Izmir - Recent archaeological excavations in İzmir’s ancient city of Metropolis have led to the discovery of a Roman bath featuring a sculpture of the goddess of luck Thyke and a sculpture of Zeus. The excavations also revealed gladiator figures. Metropolis, which is located between the villages of Yeniköy and Özbek, is the site of many excavations because of its ancient ruins. “Metropolis has a 5,000-year-old history, and it was situated during the early Bronze Age,” Aybek said, and excavations have revealed some ceramic pieces from the early Bronze Age and middle Bronze Age. During the excavations, archaeologists also found accessories from the Hittite era. Metropolis was situated near the ancient city of Ephesus and all the buildings and sculptures in the city were made with perfection, Aybek said. “Metropolis is a Hellenistic ancient city.” Ancient Greeks believed Artemis protected the city, he said. “This is something that we have never seen in the Anatolian ancient cities and this makes the Metropolis ancient city even more mysterious,” Aybek said. During four months of excavations archaeologists unearthed a Roman bath in Metropolis. “This year we have discovered new buildings in Metropolis,” said Aybek, adding that one of these structures was a 100-square-meter Roman bath. The bath is covered with mosaics and is rectangular, Aybek said, adding that it included a sports area. “The new Roman bath unearthed this year is smaller than the other baths in Metropolis,” Aybek said. “Next year, we will focus on these areas.” The sculptures of Zeus and Thyke were discovered in the bath, which is thought to have been built in the second century B.C. by the Emperor Antininus Pius, Aybek said. The ancient city of Metropolis was first investigated through archaeological field work in 1972 by Professor Recep Meriç from the Dokuz Eylül University, Izmir. Excavations on the site, which feature Classical, Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantine and Ottoman traces, began in 1989. The earliest known settlement at the site is from the Neolithic Age, showing evidence of contact and influence with the Troy I littoral culture. A still-undeciphered seal written in hieroglyphics similar to those of the Hittites has also been found Metropolis’ acropolis. The Hittite kingdom of Arzawa had its capital Apasas (later Ephesus) roughly 30 kilometers to the southwest. Metropolis was a part of the Hellenistic kingdom of Pergamum, and during this period the city reached a zenith of cultural and economic life. A temple dedicated to the war god Ares, one of only two known such temples, was also located here.
ROYAUME UNI – Cirencester - Work has been suspended on a new car park job in Cirencester after the builders discovered 40 skeletons forming what is believed to be the earliest Roman burial ground of its kind in Britain. The skeletons and a further four cremations were uncovered along with various artefacts during construction work at St James’s Place in Cirencester.
FIJI – Molituva - The Fiji Museum is leading a training workshop on archaeological survey and mapping in Molituva, Tailevu in a bid to raise awareness among indigenous communities about the importance of safeguarding their old village and other cultural heritage sites and how best to record them.
ROYAUME UNI – Cirencester - Excavations in Cirencester have unearthed one of the earliest burial sites ever found in Roman Britain. The dig at the former Bridges Garage on Tetbury Road has uncovered over 40 burials and four cremations. Experts say it is the largest archaeological find in the town since the 1970s. Archaeologists said they were particularly excited by the discovery of a child's grave containing a pottery flagon, which could date to the early Roman period, between 70 AD and 120 AD. They said if the burial could be dated to this time, it could "challenge the current belief amongst archaeologists" that inhumation burials were not common practice until the later Roman period. A dig on the same site, carried out in the 1960s before the construction of the garage, unearthed 46 cremations, six burials and part of an inscribed tombstone dating from the 1st to 3rd Century. The former Bridges Garage site lies immediately outside the town, suggesting the burial site complied with Roman law that forbade burial within the town. Among items discovered were two bracelets made of green glass beads, jet beads, shale and copper alloy.
INDE – Annigeri - As part of their efforts to reach a definite conclusion on the age of the skulls discovered at Annigeri in Navalgund taluk, the Department of Archaeology and Museums is contemplating one more round of carbon dating. Department Director R. Gopal told The Hindu that the matter of conducting one more test was being discussed by higher officials and the agency was likely to be selected within a few days. The department was contemplating roping in the Forensic Science Laboratory, Gujarat or once again approaching Beta Analytic, the U.S.-based firm that conducted the latest test and concluded that the skulls were 180 years old. “We have contacted the Forensic Science Laboratory to check if they have the required technology. If they express inability to conduct the test, we will approach Beta Analytic again,” he said. Mr. Gopal said the department would send tooth samples this time, instead of bone samples, for carbon dating. Last time, only bone samples were sent for testing. There are chances of water contamination of the bones, which could affect the process of carbon dating.
ROYAUME UNI – Yorkshire - The latest phase of a scheme to preserve a Yorkshire national park’s ancient monuments has restored a standing stone named after a giant who reputedly roamed the landscape. The North York Moors National Park Authority has joined forces with English Heritage to protect hundreds of scheduled ancient monuments in the area, including burial mounds and standing stones dating back to 3,000BC. Work has now been completed to re-erect Wade’s Stone, which had toppled over after centuries of cultivation around the scheduled monument had reduced the level of the surrounding ground. Wade’s Stone was named after the giant who, according to local legend, lived in the area. The proximity of another standing stone also known as Wade’s Stone has led many to believe that the two mark the grave of the giant. Standing stones are prehistoric ritual or ceremonial monuments dating from the late Neolithic to the end of the Bronze Age. They may have been markers relating to land ownership, for route-ways, graves or meeting points. Wade’s Stone is in the parish of Barnby, an area which includes many prehistoric burial monuments as well as a number of other standing stones.
FRANCE - Lassay-sur-Croisne - Initialement prévue le 14 octobre dernier, la présentation des fouilles archéologiques réalisées durant l'hiver sur le site de Lassay-sur-Croisne a été reportée au vendredi 18 novembre. Matthieu Munos, archéologue à l'INRAP, présentera les vestiges de la ferme médiévale fossoyée du X e siècle qui ont été mis à jour. A partir du XI e siècle, les bâtiments de la ferme ont été entourés de fossés défensifs adossés à un étang. A la fin du XIII e siècle, les occupants abandonnent les lieux et tous les vestiges postérieurs au XIV e siècle se situent à proximité du village actuel dont les plus anciens éléments datent du XV e siècle.