17 - 18 SEPTEMBRE 2010



 - CHINE : Luochan -  The Cultural Relics Department of Shaanxi Province unearthed nine guzhi ya chou, which are a rare kind of primitive calculator made out of teeth and bone, inside a Han Dynasty tomb. Archaeologists said the guzhi ya chou might be a kind of tool used when ancient people were drinking wine and reciting poems or as a kind of calculator. According to Ci Hai, a well-known Chinese lexicon and character dictionary, first published in 1936, the guzhi ya chou is made from ivory or the bones of animals and can be used to make calculations based on the movements. Many history books and famous poems have records of the guzhi ya chou. It is the first time that the bone calculators have been found in northern Shaanxi Province, and they have great significant for studying local burial customs and the changing processes.


 - BULGARIE : Hadji Dimitar - Archaeologists have discovered a Roman villa dating back to the third century AD lodged between two apartment blocks in the Sofia borough of Hadji Dimitar. The complex consists of six buildings linked by paved paths, and surrounded by walls. A barn, slave quarters, and a wide assortment of agricultural and other tools were unearthed, including a "treasure of silver coins", which will help determine the exact time of the villa and her inhabitants, although archaeologists believe that the villa was razed some time around the great Gothic invasion of 270-275.


 - SYRIE : Kadmous -  Syrian archaeologists unearthed a stone statue dating back to the early 4th century B.C. The statue is broken into three 118-centimeters-long, 242- centimetres-high pieces of the solid, white limestone. The first piece of the statue represents part of the face with part of the bosom, and the second complements the first, whereas the third part represents the lower part of the body with the legs at a standing position. The sun disc is in the left hand. The statue embodies God Melkart, (God of the Village), dating back to the Syrian civilization in the 4th century B.C. which controlled the Mediterranean coast, due to its economic and trade richness.



 - U.S.A. : Weld County - The Pawnee National Grasslands area may have seen human habitation as early as 10,000 B.C.  Clovis points have been found from the Paleo Indian period, 10,000 to 9,500 B.C. There are two theories regarding early inhabitants of the area. The Bering land bridge theory is that they came from Russia via ice or land where the Bering Strait now separates Russia and Alaska. The other theory is that they followed the coastline along the Pacific Ocean from South America. There were once woolly mammoths in the Pawnee area. The Bent site yielded some of the earliest relics; there is also a Frasier site, plus sites near Keota and Stoneham. There is evidence of habitation from an Archaic period, 6,500 B.C. to 500 A.D., and the Plains Woodland period, A.D. 500-1300. A drought around 1200 A.D. may have forced people to move out of the area.


 - ARABIE SAOUDITE : A view of the rock carvings at Jabal Al-Turaibees in Khasham Al-’An, 70km to the east of Najran, discovered recently. The site, accessible across rocky and sand terrain through Wadi Habouna, contains images of sword and spear-bearing warriors, and a single-line inscription of the names in Arabic Issa (Jesus), Mousa (Moses), Muhammed.


 - IRLANDE : Co Louth - Archaeologists believe they have found the remains of a huge Viking fortress near the village of Annagassan in Co Louth. Three test trenches carried out on the site have revealed human remains, as well as the remains of 'hack' silver used for ship's ballast, nails for ship building and other artefacts of day-to-day life. The test trenches have also revealed signs of a huge defensive wall, which would have protected the settlement on one side with the River Glyde and the Irish Sea protecting it on the other sides. Archaeologists believe the site is that of Linn Duchaill, which was founded by the Vikings in 841 AD and which was a rival to the other large Viking town, Dublin. According to the Ulster Annals, the Vikings used this base to raid inland as far as Longford and up to Armagh. It is believed Linn Duchaill was a large trading town, exporting Irish slaves and looted goods. There was also a large pitched battle there between the 'fair haired' Vikings and 'dark haired' Vikings in 851AD. The site was last mentioned in the Ulster Annals in 927AD when it states that the Viking fleet left for Britain.


 - INDE :  Goa -  Goa archaeologists are baffled with the mysterious disappearance of a hero stone dating back to 13th Century from a remote village in Sattari taluka.The stone was last seen a fortnight ago by a group of trekkers at Nagve village. The hero stone, locally known as 'Veergal', had a battle scene inscribed on it and the lower portion had funeral pyre with Hero's body shown along with his wife, who was about to jump in the pyre. The hero stone belongs to later Kadamba period and is more than a metre long.The topmost portion of this memorial stone had the depiction of sun and moon on the either side, which signifies the belief that the memory of this hero will remain unless and until the sun and moos are there in the sky.


 - GRECE : Pellas - Greek archaeologists on Thursday announced the discovery of 37 ancient tombs dating back to the iron age in a cemetery near the ancient Macedonian capital of Pellas. Discoveries at the site included a bronze helmet with a gold mouthplate, with weapons and jewellery, in the tomb of a warrior from the 6th century BC.  The tombs date from 650-280 BC, covering the iron age up to the Hellenistic period (323-146 BC). The tombs contain iron swords, spears and daggers, plus vases, pottery and jewellery made of gold, silver and iron. According to the researchers, the excavated area only represents five percent of the total site.


 - ROYAUME-UNI : Glen Oykel -

A mysterious iron-working site recently unearthed in the north of Scotland is being investigated by archaeologists. A rare furnace was discovered by members of the North of Scotland Archaeology Society (NOSAS) at Craggie in Glen Oykel, Sutherland. Archaeologist Matt Ritchie said finding the furnace was "sheer luck". He said: "Only a few furnaces have ever been found in Scotland. We hope this find can also help us date the site. "At the moment we don't even know whether it's prehistoric or medieval."