15 NOVEMBRE 2018: Mazo Cruz - Coronado - Laurer Garh - Negev - Kom Ombo -
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BOLIVIE – Mazo Cruz - Bolivia’s Ministry of Cultures and Tourism authorized the dig more than three months ago after a mining project discovered archaeological remains in the area. Archaeologists found the tombs, which they say may have belonged to the Pacajes people, in an underground burial chamber located some 30 kilometers (18.6 miles) southwest of Bolivia’s capital La Paz. “Inside the cemetery we found two special tombs, one of which had about 108 individuals inside. They were badly deteriorated, but we were able to recover objects the individuals were buried with,” said archaeologist Wanderson Esquerdo. While two of the tombs had been ransacked, the others remained intact, he said. To reach the tombs, scientists had to lower themselves through a circular chimney just 70 cm (27.5 inches) in diameter and 3 meters (9 feet) deep. In addition to human remains, the largest tomb contained metal objects as well as ceramic and wooden dishes. “There are objects that are clearly attributed to the Inca culture, and others that are not Inca, but rather Aymara,” Esquerdo said. The indigenous Aymara kingdom of Pacajes flourished in the Bolivian highlands until it was conquered by the Incan empire in the mid-15th century, according to archaeologists, who believe the Pacajes people may have not been wiped out by the Incan conquest, but could have fallen victim to some type of epidemic. The discovery is “unique and unprecedented,” said Wilma Alanoca, Bolivia’s Minister of Culture and Tourism. After the archaeological dig began last June, archaeologists said microorganisms wreaked havoc on the bodies’ soft tissue, quickly decomposing the remains. Excessive humidity and high salinity inside the chamber also deteriorated many of the buried objects, according to the dig team.
USA – Coronado - Evidence of a 500-year-old battle in northern New Mexico between Native Americans and troops possibly led by Spanish explorer Francisco Vazquez de Coronado has been unearthed. It had been previously thought the explorer and his company had just passed through the region. “The large numbers of Spanish leveled artifacts such as the musket balls and the chain metal, along with Native American weapons such as war balls, axes, [and] sling stones, represent a battle,” explained Matthew Barbour, New Mexico Historic Sites regional manager. “They tell a story of military force [used] to subdue this village.”
BANGLADESH - 'Laurer Garh - The Department of Archaeology started excavation works at “Laurer Garh” in Sunamganj yesterday. After a thorough research of the site at Halhalia village of Tahirpur upazila on October 10, 11 and 12, the department considered it an important historical site. Dr Ataur Rahman, regional director of archaeology department, said, “A team of excavators will be working at 'Laurer Garh' archaeological site for several weeks. We are hopeful of getting a number of artefacts.” He said, “We're also considering excavation of Rajbari at nearby Brahmangaon village.” According to veteran historian Achyut Charan Choudhury's book, “Srihatter Itibritto”, Laurer Garh fort and Rajbari was part of “Kamrup Kingdom”, which used to be ruled by King Bhagadatta.
ISRAEL - Negev - A previously unknown 1,500-year-old depiction of Jesus Christ’s face has been discovered at a Byzantine church in the Negev Desert. Although the painting is incomplete, University of Haifa archeologists were able to examine the facial outline. Their research was recently published in the journal Antiquity. It is believed to be from the sixth century C.E., and portrays Jesus as a short-haired lad. The leading archeologists were Emma Maayan-Fanar, Ravit Linn, Yotam Tepper and Guy Bar-Oz. “Christ’s face in this painting is an important discovery in itself,” they said in their paper. “It belongs to the iconographic scheme of a short-haired Christ, which was especially widespread in Egypt and Syro-Palestine, but gone from later Byzantine art.” “Thus far, it is the only in situ baptism-of-Christ scene to date confidently to the pre-iconoclastic Holy Land,” they added. “Therefore, it can illuminate Byzantine Shivta’s Christian community and Early Christian art across the region.” In another project last month, archeologists discovered a pillar from the Second Temple period bearing the earliest stone inscription of the full modern Hebrew spelling of “Jerusalem.”
EGYPTE – Kom Ombo - Archaeologists have uncovered the ancient remains of a woman who died towards the end of her pregnancy, Egypt’s Supreme Council of Antiquities reported on Facebook. Scientists also found beads made from the shells of ostrich eggs, as well as pottery and jars in the tomb thought to date back some 3,500 years. Preliminary examinations of the woman’s pelvis revealed the woman—thought to be about 25—may have suffered a fracture that ultimately killed her when improperly treated. The position of the fetus in her body suggested she had been due to give birth relatively soon. The tomb was found in a cemetery used by people traveling through the deserts to the south of Egypt said Mostafa Waziri, Secretary-General of the Supreme Council of Antiquities. It is thought to date from 1750-1550 B.C.E. The remains were discovered during a joint Italian-American archaeological project investigating Kom Ombo. This agricultural town is known for its ancient “double” temple: where two sets of rooms including courts and hallways were built in honor of two gods. Kom Ombo lies about 30 miles north of the southern city of Aswan, which sits to the east of the River Nile. Artifacts in the tomb resembled pots from Nubia—a region that stretched from the south of Aswan down to the middle of modern-day Sudan.