15 JUIN 2018: Thusater Burn - Stirling - Jerusalem -
INSTITUT SUPERIEUR D'ANTHROPOLOGIE
INSTITUTE OF ANTHROPOLOGY
ONLINE COURSES / COURS A DISTANCE
SUMMER TERM : JULY 2018
ROYAUME UNI – Thusater Burn - A community archaeology event may have uncovered a previously unknown prehistoric settlement in the Highlands. A geophysical survey had suggested the remains of a building beneath the soil. The dig revealed rubble, a hearth constructed from stone slabs, a hammer stone and other tools. A "wonderfully preserved" pig's tooth was also found. Archaeologists said such a find was usually associated with high status sites. Further investigations could confirm the remains to be a broch, or another type of prehistoric structure known as a wag.
ROYAUME UNI – Stirling - A 16th century silver coin and ammunition from Stirling’s 19th century rifle range were among artefacts found during a recent archaeological excavation at King’s Park. The Elizabeth I silver threepence coin dates from 1561-5 and is said to be in ‘fairly poor condition’ with the surfaces ‘heavily scuffed and the shape distorted.’ The mint date is illegible. Ammunition relating to the 19th century rifle range makes up the majority of finds recovered during the metal detecting survey. The archaeologists’ report states: ‘Of the 75 ammunition related objects retrieved, four are round ball bullets, 41 are identifiable cylindro-conoidal bullets, and 25 are heavily impacted lead shot, one base plug, three blank cartridge casings, and one lead long-box slug were also recovered.‘[They] trace the general progression of firearm technology from around the 1830s up to the late nineteenth century and into the early 20th century. ‘The bullet types range from the round-ball bullets, Minie bullets and .577 bullets associated with the muzzle-loaded rifles of the early to mid-19th century, to the .577/.45 calibre Martini-Henry, .303 Lee-Metford, and .440 bullets associated with the breech-loaded rifles of the later 19th and early 20th century.’ Other items found during the excavation include a small amount of ceramic fragments, including a clay pipe, bottle glass shards and a range of 19th to 20th century dress accessories like two copper alloy buckles, a gilt button and a King George VI coronation cap badge. Stirling Council archaeologist Murray Cook said the finds reflected the use of the park down the ages.
ISRAEL – Jerusalem – Archaeologists digging in one of the oldest areas of Jerusalem have found a tiny Islamic amulet through which a man named Kareem, who lived in the holy city more than a thousand years ago, sought the protection of Allah. Beautifully inscribed in Arabic, the rare thumbnail-sized talisman has been dated to the 9th or 10th century C.E., the time of the Abbasid Caliphate, the Israel Antiquities Authority said Thursday. The devotional writing appears on two lines and has been translated as reading: “Kareem trusts in Allah – Lord of the Worlds is Allah.”The first line is familiar from seals and roadside graffiti along the Darb al-Haj, the pilgrimage route to Mecca, from the same period, around the 8th to the 10th centuries C.E. The second line has been slightly eroded and its interpretation is based on similar phrases found on personal seals and in the Koran. The amulet was dated by Dr. Nitzan Amitai-Preiss of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem based on its calligraphy, which is typical of the third caliphate period; the dating of the structure in which it was found; and pottery fragments found at the site, including a complete lamp, which are typical of the Abbasid period. That structure was very poorly preserved, observes Shalev. “We found some foundation walls and floor tiles. It was a simple structure, possibly residential with some small industry.” Some cookware was discovered. The dig at the site, led by the IAA and Tel Aviv University, had previously found the remains of a big market, on top of which later homes and small industry were erected, Shalev says. This possible home or workshop fits with that.