15 FEVRIER 2016 NEWS: Nilphamari - Aberdeen - Achtriochtan - Mi'esso - Kushimoto -
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BANGLADESH – Nilphamari - A Buddhist temple, believed to be built in the 12th century during the Pala period, has been unearthed in Jaldhaka upazila of Nilphamari in Northern Bangladesh. A team from the Department of Archaeology excavated the temple on a reserved archaeological site in Dharmapalagarh area, named after the 2nd Dharma Pala who had established his capital there. Mujibur Rahman, leader of the seven-member team that has been working since January 1, said the upper portion of the temple was destroyed and some parts of its basement were still buried. He said they discovered several broken parts of clay pots, white marble slabs with motifs and a wall with overly burnt large bricks around the structure. The length of the wall is 25 metres while the thickness 0.85 metres. Also, the main structure of the temple is encircled by a 1.2-metre wide passage on which devotees used to walk as part of their rituals, said Mujibur, also the custodian of Mahasthangarh Museum in Bogra.
ROYAUME UNI – Aberdeen - More than 90 skeletons have been found by workers renovating Aberdeen’s Art Gallery. The mediaeval cemetery, believed to date back to the 13th century, was discovered just weeks after 30 skeletons were found at the nearby Robert Gordon’s College. The latest find has been hailed as “hugely significant” as it backs up experts’ view that Schoolhill was the location of Blackfriars Abbey, founded at some point between 1230 and 1249. After discovering initial signs of a burial site, the archaeologists – led by project manager Martin Cook – discovered a huge quantity of bones crammed into three wooden coffins below the back of the premises, which they believe to be the remains of at least 40 people. The three coffins were discovered to have been placed within a brick-built chamber, or charnel house, which suggested to the team that the bodies had been uplifted, packed away and re-buried in the 19th century, possibly ahead of the development of the art gallery in 1884. And beneath the gallery itself, they discovered 52 human skeletons, with indications they had been laid to rest in coffins, within their own graves.
ROYAUME UNI – Achtriochtan - are to examine the remnants of a turf house that may have links to the Glencoe Massacre. The building is thought to date from the 17th century, around the time when 38 MacDonalds were killed on the orders of the government on February 13, 1692. However, all that remains now is a low earthen bank defining the rectangular outline of a building. Just a few days after the anniversary of the massacre, a team of specialists from the National Trust for Scotland will carry out a survey of the building which was found at Achtriochtan, near the loch, during a routine inspection of other archaeological sites.
ETHIOPIE - Mi'esso - The Authority for Research and Conservation of Cultural Heritages announced recently that Ethiopian and Japaneses researches have discovered fossils of ape and other mammals ancestors aged eight million years in Mi'esso District, West Hararge Zone of Oromia State. According to Authority press release, this first discovered fossils in sub-Sahara, known as chororapithecus afarensis, would give an insight into the scientific debate on the evolution of human beings. The discovery has proved the hypothesis the existence of ape ancestors in Africa for the first time between seven and ten million years back. Previously, various researchers believe that human like ancestors come to Africa from other continents as such discoveries representing the aforementioned period were not made. The apes and various mammal ancestors discovered in Ethiopia proved that such ancestors were in Africa some eight million years back. This chororapithecus afarensis discovery could as well give further insight into the period in which the evolution of human beings and apes took their own course.
JAPON – Kushimoto - A new season of underwater excavations on the Ertuğrul frigate, which sank near Japan’s city of Kushimoto and caused the death of 550 Turkish sailors, have been ongoing since the beginning of the year. The recent works in the frigate have unearthed many new artifacts. Among them are soldier uniforms and a naval mine. This year’s goal is to find the frigate’s safe. Excavations on the frigate started nine years ago. At 200 meters off the coast under a depth of 30-45 meters, the works are being carried out by eight divers, eight hours a day. They have so far unearthed 450 artifacts during the last 10 days. A mine, porcelain plates, wooden and iron parts, tools used by officers, wrist pins, spools, door handles and taps were among the artifacts found during the excavations. The conservation of some artifacts has already been finished.