14 NOVEMBRE 2018: Tiree - Anitkythera - Vergina - Peygham Chai Dam - Pingtan -
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WINTER TERM : JANUARY 2019
ROYAUME UNI – Tiree - A rare Viking-era bone pin, which was likely used to fasten a cloak, has been found on the island of Tiree. The find was made on a hillock overlooking the sea at what appears to be a domestic settlement that was occupied more than 1,000 years ago. The discovery has shed new light on the island’s Norse settlers with the site now considered to be the most important of its kind on the island. A Viking-era loom weight and boat rivet were also found along with a piece of discarded boar tusk and remains of burnt alder, birch, hazel and heather. Radiocarbon dating has placed the items to between 790 and 990AD, a period when Vikings are known to have settled Tiree.
GRECE - Anitkythera - A bronze object that may be an additional piece of the Antikythera Mechanism or a similar device was recovered from the site of a shipwreck in the Aegean Sea last year. The Anitkythera Mechanism, discovered by sponge divers in 1901, is a 2,200-year-old complicated system of cogwheels thought to have been used to calculate the movements of the sun, moon, and planets, and predict eclipses and equinoxes. An X-ray of the newly recovered bronze disc, which measures about three inches in diameter, has four metal arms, and holes for pins, shows that it bears an image of a bull. Scholars think the disc may have been a gear in the device that predicted the location of the zodiac constellation of Taurus.
GRECE – Vergina - Scientists from Aristotle University of Thessaloniki will re-examine the bones that were discovered in the in Aigai royal tombs in Vergina, Macedonia.According to what Chrysoula Palliadeli, the scientific manager of the project, told Greece’s Kathimerini daily, the scientists have evidence that increases the possibility of Philip II being the man whose body was discovered in the royal tombs. The tombs and the surrounding area have been excavated by archaeologists and scientists since 1938, and the experts publish their findings on a yearly basis during their annual conference
IRAN – Peygham Chai Dam - The Public Relations Office of the Research Institute of Cultural Heritage and Tourism (RICHT) quoted Nasrin Qahremani, head of the archeology team as saying that cultural-historical works close to the dam were surveyed and discovered in 1393 (2014) during which 28 cultural-historical works were documented. The archeologist further remarked that in 1396, the same enclosure was surveyed in a more expanded area within the framework of a research project with an aim of finding settlements in the Bronze and Iron Age associated with the kurgans which led to the discovery of 34 other cultural-historical works. Qahremani noted that in addition to documenting the new works the archeological prospect of the discovered works was analyzed based on the altitude from the sea level, water resources, gradient and topography in the global mapper program. In addition to the salvage works within the scope of danger the purpose is to find out the reasons for demographic changes from the 2nd millennium BC, she said. The head of the archeology team added that given the fact that the kurgans contain human and animal burial the necessity of conducting DNA tests to find out demographic changes will be among the scientific goals of the plan.
CHINE – Pingtan - Teachers and students of Xiamen University have recently discovered an ancient village site and a tomb in Pingtan, an island in southeast China's Fujian Province. An archaeological team from the history department of Xiamen University launched an excavation in Pingtan in September. They unearthed a tomb dating back around 1,500 years ago to the Southern Dynasty (420-589), where well-preserved burial objects and clear patterns on tomb bricks have been found. Another village site dating back to more than 3,000 years to the Shang and Zhou dynasties (1600-256 BC) has been discovered in Shangpan Village, Pingyuan Town. A well and relics including stoneware and pottery shards, as well as sites of houses have been found there. The archaeological team said that the new findings are very important, providing new materials for archaeology on islands in the country. They are also crucial materials to understand the local history, people's immigration and culture.