13 OCTOBRE 2016 NEWS: Paphos - Pylos - Lima - Pyla -
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CHYPRE – Paphos - Archaeologists excavating at a dig in Paphos have discovered what they believe to be ancient brewery, reinforcing the belief that people in the area were drinking beer over three thousand years ago. Experts from Manchester University – who have been tasked with leading the excavation – announced their first discovery of a kiln in the area – situated in the Skalia area of Kissonerga village – they believe was used to dry malt to make beer 3,500 years ago, back in 2012. The latest findings, however, appear to back up their theory that the ancient people of Paphos produced and drank bear. An announcement by Cyprus’ Antiquities Department says the team’s discovery was made in an area that is of “particular archeological significance”. The archaeological team claims that it has uncovered the remains of an industrial site which includes areas used for processing grains and for brewing. But not all are celebrating after the announcement. The Antiquities Department is reportedly unimpressed by the move of the Kissonerga’s Community Council to issue its own announcement about the discovery, something usually tasked by the Antiquities Department.
GRECE – Pylos - The face of a warrior buried in a treasure-packed grave in Greece some 3,500 years ago has now been revealed — and he was a looker. Dubbed the "Griffin Warrior," from an ivory plaque depicting the mythical beast within his burial, the man featured a broad, handsome face with a square jaw and powerful neck. Reconstructing the closest possible depiction of the Griffin Warrior was not an easy task, says Tobias Houlton, a specialist in facial reconstruction, who worked on the project with his colleague Lynne Schepartz of the University of the Witwatersrand in Johannesburg, South Africa. The skull of the man, thought to have been between 30 and 35 when he died around 1500 BC, was in very poor condition. "It was multi-fragmented, with evident deterioration of the bones across the mid-face, affecting the nasal region and inner eye details," Houlton told Discovery News. "Prior to re-assembly, we were uncertain that a facial reconstruction would be possible," he added. To reach the best approximation of the warrior's face, Houlton used the so-called Manchester method. The facial tissues are laid from the skull surface outward by using depth marker pegs to determine thickness. The shape, size and position of the eyes, ears, nose and mouth are determined through the features of the underlying skull. The Griffin Warrior's tomb, measuring about 5 feet deep, 4 feet wide and 8 feet long, was found near the remains of the fabled Palace of Nestor, who headed a contingent of Greek forces at Troy in Homer's Iliad."This is not the grave of the legendary King Nestor, nor is it the grave of his father, Neleus. The warrior predates the time of Nestor and Neleus by, perhaps, 200 or 300 years," Stocker said. Analysis of beautifully engraved rings found in the tomb revealed the warrior was part of the elite that ruled Pylos right around the time the Mycenaeans were conquering the Minoans, adopting much of their culture. It is not yet known if the man was a Minoan warrior or a native Mycenaean steeped in Minoan culture.
PEROU – Lima - Ancient burials of dogs and other animals continue to be found at the Lima municipal zoo, constructed on the site of a once-thriving pre-Columbian city, revealing the importance animals had for the inhabitants of Peru 1,000 years ago. Under a millennium's worth of rubble and rounded river stones, archaeologists at Lima's Park of Legends Zoo excavated in recent months 10 dogs, two guinea pigs, a human and part of a llama, which are added to the remains of 134 humans and 138 dogs unearthed there between 2012 and 2013. The recent discoveries were made at El Rosal Temple, one of the 54 archaeological monuments in the park, which also holds the most ancient ovens ever found in Lima, the head of the Park of Legends Archaeology Division, Lucenida Carrion, told EFE. The specialist said the animals dug up by archaeologists Karina Venegas and Ruben Sánchez were buried between the years 1000-1470 by members of the Ichma culture, responsible for building an adobe city in the area.The canines apparently were buried as offerings to accompany deceased humans on their journey into death, and most were sacrificed by hanging, Carrion said."In some cases we found dogs placed in a resting position that had obviously been strangled with the cords tying up their legs and necks, while only one of them had its throat cut," she said. Carrion said the archaeologists recovered the complete skeletons of 48 humans and 63 dogs. Skulls were found of the other 86 people and 75 canines. The expert said the humans died in the context of a conflict or violence of some kind because most of them were individuals between 20 and 40 years old who had suffered blows to the head and ribs before dying. A few meters (yards) from the tombs, the researchers found an oven apparently used to make ceramics during a period "much earlier" than the burials, which would make it one of the most ancient ever discovered in Lima, Carrion said. She added that the Culture Ministry will be asked to expand the research project in order to excavate the oven completely and to better determine the relation between humans and animals in this pre-Columbian society, established precisely in an enclave now used to exhibit Peru's biodiversity and archaeological treasures.
CHYPRE – Pyla - Excavation work at the Late Bronze Era site of Pyla-Kokkinokremmos in Larnaca has been concluded for 2016, the Antiquities Department announced on Tuesday. In a statement, the department said that the excavation was led by professor Joachim Bretschneider (University of Ghent & KU Leuven), Dr Athanasia Kanta (Mediterranean Archaeological Society) and Dr Jan Driessen (Universite Catholique de Louvain). Pyla-Kokkinokremmos was inhabited for a few decades before being abandoned early in the 12th century BC. According to the Antiquities Department, its short habitation lifespan – only 50 years – makes it a ‘time capsule’, while its strategic location at the top of a well-fortified hill, as well as the variety of the items found, the site has attracted the attention of prominent academics. Items discovered during the dig include a complete Egyptian alabaster flask, painted with a garland of lotus flowers, a storage stirrup jar imported from Crete, an alabaster vase, a large grey-black stone jar, and an amphoroid Mycenaean crater decorated with birds. Architectural findings also included various rooms, trenches dug out of rocks, and a retaining wall.