13 JUIN 2018: Vidarbha - Tore - Heihe -
INSTITUT SUPERIEUR D'ANTHROPOLOGIE
INSTITUTE OF ANTHROPOLOGY
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SUMMER TERM : JULY 2018
INDE – Vidarbha - Archaeologists from Deccan College have excavated the ancient capital of Nandivardhan. The city was home to the Vakataka dynasty, which ruled from A.D. 250 to 550, and is known for building the rock-cut Buddhist monuments in the Ajanta Caves of western India. The excavation, led by Shrikant Ganvir, has recovered the bones of domesticated animals including goats, sheep, pigs, cats, horses, and fowls; ceramics; ear studs made of glass; inscribed copper plates; votive shrines; an iron chisel; terracotta bangles and figurines; and a stone figurine of a deer. The artifacts have helped to confirm that Prithvisena, a Vataka king, moved the capital to Nandivardhan from Padmapura. The team also recovered a clay seal naming Prabhavatigupta, the chief queen of the Vakataka king Rudrasena II, which established that she became head of state after the king's death. An intact image of Ganesha, made without ornaments, is thought to have been used privately, and suggests the elephant-headed god was widely worshiped.
ROYAUME UNI – Tore - The remains of an ancient roundhouse have been uncovered by archaeologists in the Highlands. The prehistoric property was excavated ahead of the construction of a new business park at Mullan's Wood at Tore, near Inverness. Archaeologists said the roundhouse may have been built in the Iron Age 2,000 years ago, or earlier. Some of the roundhouse site had been damaged by the roots of trees planted 70 years ago. The roundhouse is in an area where prehistoric fields and settlement have previously been recorded, including six Neolithic chambered cairns. Mary Peteranna, operations manager with AOC Archaeology, said the roundhouse was "a fairly simple structure" of low stone and boulder banks that were probably sunken into the subsoil and topped with turf. She said: "We found the remains of an arc of pits inside that would have supported a roof. "We were not able to investigate the entire site, so the location of a central hearth or fire was not uncovered. The archaeologist added: "But we were very excited to find a stone bead, or small spindle whorl, inside a rich soil layer on the roundhouse interior.
CHINE – Heihe - Archaeologists have confirmed that a rock painting discovered in the Lesser Khingan Mountains in northeast China's Heilongjiang Province dates back 12,000 years. Zhao Pingchun, researcher with the provincial institute of archeology, said that several images painted with ochre were discovered on a rock in the city Heihe. Preliminary studies showed that it is a scene of humans hunting. Zhao said that archaeologists confirmed the images of three mammoths, which means the rock paintings were made before the extinction of the mammoth, or at least 12,000 years ago. Meanwhile, archaeologists believe that the paintings were made by using fingers, not brushes, and with paints such as ochre. "Ochre alone cannot be preserved on rock for such a long time. The paint is a mixture of ochre and animal glue, which has helped the artwork survive thousands of years," he added. Liu Xiaodong, deputy head of the institute, said the discovery is important in the studies on life in the Lesser Khingan Mountains during the Palaeolithic period, and can provide information about human civilization in Heilongjiang and other parts of China. Researchers are trying to identify more images in the rock painting.