13 JANVIER 2016 NEWS: Blaenau Gwent - Tel Rekhesh - Longvek - Xiaozhi -
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ROYAUME UNI – Blaenau Gwent - An archaeologist claims to have found a prehistoric Bronze Age village, believed to be the only one of its type in Blaenau Gwent . The field in the Cwmcelyn Valley immediately stood out to Ian Fewings for its circular shape and it is thought a group of huts once housed farmers there and was a centre of civilization. An application has now been submitted for funding, and if approved, a four year excavation project will be launched within months.
ISRAEL – Tel Rekhesh - An archaeological survey led by researchers from Tenri University is underway in Israel to locate Anaharath, a city mentioned in the Old Testament. “This is the likeliest place,” Yoshinobu Tatsumi, a curator at Tenri University Sankokan Museum in Tenri, Nara Prefecture, said. Tatsumi was describing Tel Rekhesh, a hilly site with a history dating back over multiple periods. It is 350 by 150 meters in size and is located around 70 km north of Jerusalem. Anaharath, found in an inscription in ancient Egypt from the 15th century B.C., is thought to have been a flourishing Canaanite city. The ancient Israelites later invaded the surrounding area and allocated the city to one of their tribes, according to the Old Testament and other documents. Tenri University began participating in excavation work in Israel half a century ago. Its archaeological studies at Tel Rekhesh began in 2006 and involve institutions including Rikkyo University. The joint project has so far discovered structures that may have been a castle’s outer walls and gate as well as an olive mill. It has also uncovered objects including a mask in clay and a statue of a female divinity. Many of the unearthed articles date from the 13th and 12th centuries B.C., a period close to the Old Testament’s description of Anaharath. On the other hand, clear evidence of war damage has yet to come to light. “It may be fair to say that Anaharath, if it was on this site, continued to be managed as a city since the age of the Canaanites,” said Tatsumi, an expert on archaeology in West Asia.
CAMBODGE – Longvek - The first archaeological excavations at the site of the ancient Cambodian capital of Longvek have unearthed physical evidence that the city was a regional trading hub, helping dispel historical notions that Cambodia underwent centuries of “dark ages” between the Angkorian and the modern era. Located less than 50 kilometres from Phnom Penh in present-day Kampong Chhnang province, Longvek was the Cambodian capital for almost 200 years following the sack of Angkor by the Siamese in 1431. During excavations last month, a joint team of archaeologists discovered porcelain from as far away as China and Japan in the foundations of Longvek’s ancient palace, along with ruins of substantial earthen walls and a bronze workshop. Cambodia’s trading wealth was largely based on exporting forest products such as hardwood and animal skins. In exchange, Cambodia obtained goods such as the Chinese porcelain in the palace, which was dated to the late Ming dynasty in the 16th century, while other pieces of porcelain were found originating from Japan, Vietnam and Thailand. Longvek’s location on the Mekong River was no coincidence. One of the reasons Angkor declined was to take advantage of maritime trade. These new capitals were situated close to the sea to benefit. The joint archaeological team began a four-year study of Cambodia’s post-Angkor capitals last November. Excavations at Longvek lasted throughout December and the team aims to return there later this year.
CHINE - Xiaozhi - Archaeologists have found Neolithic pottery as well as axes and knives made of stone during an excavation in east China's Zhejiang Province. Discovered by an amateur archaeologist in May 2014, the site in Xiaozhi Township of Linhai City is believed to have been a dwelling place around 8,500 years ago, said Jiang Leping, a research fellow with the Zhejiang provincial institute of archaeology, on Tuesday. The site shows features of the ancient Shangshan and Kuahuqiao cultures, and it should help historians understand Neolithic life in southeast China, Jiang told Xinhua.