13 FEVRIER 2022 NEWS
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Roumanie – Gura Vitioarei - A bronze cauldron dating from the second half of the second millennium BC - when the Noua culture evolved in the area - was discovered in the range of the Prahova County commune Gura Vitioarei. The piece is a bronze cauldron, made of three pieces, assembled through layers of rivets. It is the most Western discovery of this kind, the pieces of this kind being specific rather to the area of Eurasia.
PAKISTAN – Palakkad.- A Palakkad native who got in the Kalpathi river to take bath found a 5 kg weighing metal statue. The statue was found on Monday morning from the river near the Vishalakshisametha Viswanathaswamy Temple. The statue holds a stick in the left hand and a palm leaf manuscript in the right hand. The age of the statue, which is assumed to be made of 'Panchaloham' (five metals), is being examined.
EMPIRE INCA – - Les Incas ignoraient-ils l’écriture ? L’anthropologue américain Gary Urton ne le pense pas. Depuis 2018, ce chercheur de l’université d’Harvard s’intéresse de près aux quipus, ces cordelettes à nœuds qui permettaient, entre autres, de recenser la population et percevoir les impôts. Un ingénieux système de notation décimale qui évolue en fonction du type et de l’emplacement des nœuds, mais aussi de la couleur et de la longueur des cordes. Selon lui, ces registres, qui étaient conservés par des fonctionnaires appelés quipucamayocs, renfermeraient des récits et chants retraçant les principaux épisodes de l’histoire de l’Empire andin. A l’aide d’une base de données informatiques, nommée Khipu Database Project et contenant plus de 900 modèles de quipus, il croise ce système comptable avec tous les ensembles phonétiques possibles. "Je crois à la découverte d’un langage de symboles, ce qui aurait été particulièrement adapté au caractère multilingue de l’empire", explique Gary Urton.
FRANCE – Corbeil-Essonnes - Le site des « Tarterêts III » a livré des vestiges (principalement des silex taillés et des os d’animaux) préservés dans les anciennes berges de la Seine. La présence inédite de témoins osseux en bon état de conservation, dont un os de tibia de cheval présentant des traces de découpe, a permis d’obtenir à ce jour des datations radiocarbones, aussi appelées « carbone 14 » (14C), exceptionnelles dans le Bassin parisien, qui font état d’occupations entre 14 520 et 23 200 ans avant le présent, nettement plus anciennes que les occupations des Tarterêts I et II et de celles d’Étiolles.
CHINE – Tianjin - The Tianjin Cultural Heritage Center reported that a new milestone has been reached in the archaeological site of the Prince's Tomb Paleolithic site in Jizhou District, Tianjin. At the end of 2021, 158 samples of stone artifacts were excavated, according to The Xinhua News Agency. Wang Chunxue, associate professor of The Institute of Archeology of Jilin University, said that the stone products found at the Paleolithic site were mainly quartz sandstone and flint, with small amounts of quartz, crystal and iron ore. A rich combination of different types of stone products was discovered, including stone hammers and a large number of stone rods, as well as a rich variety of tools such as pointed tools, scrapers and serrated tools. The cultural characteristics of the sites make it possible to attribute this place to the Middle and Late Paleolithic, i.e. in absolute terms from 100 to 10 thousand years ago.
BELGIQUE – Ramillies - Dans le village de Huppaye, dans la commune de Ramillies, des vestiges très anciens ont été découverts dans une pâture de la ferme du baron, certains remontent au Moyen Âge. Une chapelle et une nécropole du 14ème siècle ont été mises au jour ainsi que les ruines d'une imposante ferme du 18ème siècle. Une soixantaine de restes humains et des cercueils en bois ont également été extraits du chantier.
ANGLETERRE – Burton Agnes - A 5,000-year-old chalk sculpture discovered in east Yorkshire, due to be displayed at the British Museum, has been described as the most important piece of prehistoric art to be found in Britain in the last century. The object, a Burton Agnes drum, is a chalk sculpture which had been decorated with motifs similar to the artistic style at the same time as Stonehenge was built. The drum was discovered alongside the burial of three children. Despite the use of the term ‘drum’, they are not thought to have had a musical function. Instead, they are works of sculptural art, and have been interpreted to be intended as talismans to protect the deceased children they accompanied.
U.S.A. - Savannah - 12 cannons that may date to the Revolutionary War period were recovered from the Savannah River by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, which has been deepening the channel in Savannah’s harbor. The British captured the city in 1778 and held it until 1782. Three other cannons were found last year, near Old Fort Jackson, constructed in the early nineteenth century. Historical research in British archives indicates these cannons may have been aboard two or more British troop transport ships that had been scuttled to block the channel and prevent French ships from coming to the aid of the Americans. Cleaning of the newly raised cannons could reveal information about where and when they were manufactured, if they had also been carried by British ships, or if they were later reused at Fort Jackson.
EGYPTE – Abousir - Archaeologists have discovered a cache of artefacts related to the practice of Ancient Egyptian mummification during excavations in the Abu Sir cemetery. The cache, which dates from the 26th Dynasty (664 BC–525 BC) was found in a huge well measuring 5.3 x 5.3 meters at a depth of around 14 metres. The researchers have identified 370 ceramic vessels, containing the remnants of materials used in the mummification process, in addition to four empty limestone Canopic jars engraved with hieroglyphic texts that names an individual called ‘Wahibre’. During the mummification process, the brain was removed and drained, whilst a mixture of tree resin and fragrances stored in vessels such as the ones found in Abu Sir was used to stop the decomposition of any residual brain material. The lumbar area was then sliced open, and the organs of the abdomen (usually with the exception of the heart) was removed and placed in canopic jars to store and preserve the viscera of the deceased.
CHINE – Xi'an - More than 20 new 'Terracotta Warriors' have been uncovered in one of the pits located on the territory of the mausoleum of Emperor Qin Shi Huang, who unified China in 221 B.C . The unearthed warriors were mainly infantry and chariots, as well as a few generals, judging by their headgear. It is believed that the "afterlife army" consisted of 8,000 sculpted warriors placed in three pits about 1.6 km northeast of the mausoleum. Archaeologists have already discovered about 2,000 of the warriors that were usually buried with weapons, such as swords and crossbows.
MONGOLIE – Ordos - Archaeologists have unearthed a relic site dating back 4,000 years in north China's Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. The site, which contains relics from the ancient Zhukaigou culture, is located in the city of Ordos and covers an area of 500,000 square meters, according to the regional institute of cultural relics and archaeology. In 2021, the institute carried out a rescue excavation at the site, discovering eight housing sites, 30 pits and ditches, 31 tombs, as well as over 150 items of pottery, stone tools and jade, among other articles. Experts noted that a large number of the jade articles and shellfish ornaments were not local products, but came from distant locations, indicating that people who lived here had close cultural and trading exchanges with those in other areas. They added that the bronzes collected at ground level and the smelting sintered blocks indicate the likelihood that bronze was smelted, cast and used at the site.
CROATIE – Hvar - A Roman mosaic has been revealed under a narrow street in the Old Town of the Adriatic island of Hvar, Croatia. The elaborate geometric mosaic floor dates to the 2nd century A.D. and was part of a luxurious Roman villa urbana.