13 - 14 OCTOBRE 2010
- 14 OCTOBRE :
- PEROU : Lac Titicaca - An Italian researcher may have discovered a huge network of earthworks representing birds, snakes and other animals in Peru, according to a study published on the Cornell University physics website arXiv. Amelia Carolina Sparavigna, assistant professor at the department of physics of Turin's Polytechnic University, used Google satellite maps and AstroFracTool, an astronomical image-processing program which she developed, to investigate over 463 square miles of land around Peru's Titicaca Lake . She says she has identified shapes that were built by Andean communities centuries ago. According to the researcher, enhanced satellite imagery revealed that some of the land forms are not only the remains of an extensive ancient agricultural system, but also those of formations designed to represent birds, snakes and other animals. Geometric lines and images of animals that are best viewed from the air, geoglyphs are well-known in South America. Among the more famous geoglyphs are the Nasca Lines on the south coast of Peru and ring ditch sites in the Bolivian Amazon and Acre, Brazil. They feature impressive circular, oval, rectangular, square and D-shaped patterns. "Past Andean and Amazonian societies imposed order, structure and aesthetics on nature through intentional design, engineering, and activities of everyday life," anthropologist Clark Erickson of the University of Pennsylvania told Discovery News. "They created a complex environment of fields, paths, roads, canals, shrines, ceremonial centers, and settlements. One expression of this landscape transformation was the creation of geoglyphs or patterns made in earthworks," Erickson said.
- ROYAUME-UNI : Londres - Altab Ali Park in Whitechapel Road, home to various versions of the church of St. Mary’s Matfelun and its associated burial ground since the 13th century, has been turned into an excavation site as part of a project to find remains of the original White Chapel. The church has had a chequered past, having been rebuilt after fires in the 1600s and 1800s, before being bombed during the Blitz and then demolished. The volunteers, supervised by a team from the museum, were cleaning back further layers of soil in the hope of finding chalk fragments or whole sections of one of the walls of the 13th century chapel.
- 13 OCTOBRE :
- ROYAUME-UNI : Escrick and Towton - Metal detector enthusiasts have unearthed gold jewellery that could be worth hundreds of thousands of pounds at a secret site in North Yorkshire. One of the finds, an Iron Age twisted gold bracelet, may have belonged to a relative of Cartimandua, Queen of the Brigantes, and an expert says the site where it was discovered along with a brooch, a ring and an armlet may be of “real archaeological significance”. The fact that the bracelet is made of gold means it would have belonged to the Iron Age equivalent of royalty. It is believed it was probably owned by a high-ranking member of the Brigantes tribe, which had its capital in nearby Barwick-in-Elmet. It is well documented that the Queen of the Brigantes at the time of the Roman invasion of Britain in 47AD was Cartimandua and archaeologists have speculated that the bracelet could have been owned by one of her recent ancestors. The history of the site at Towton is relatively well-documented up to 2,000 years ago, but before that the facts are hazy. The reason it was used as a settlement for thousands of years is unclear. It may have just been a good place to live, or it may have been a burial site reused through the centuries. What is clear though is that at the time of the Roman invasion of Britain in 47AD, the area around Towton and, indeed, the rest of Yorkshire – was ruled by the Celtic Brigantes tribe. The tribal leader during the invasion was Queen Cartimandua, whose reign was documented by the Roman historian Tacitus. She aligned herself with the invaders, handing over the rebel Caratacus to the Romans. But her reign came to an end in 69AD when her former husband, Venutius, staged a rebellion against her. The Towton site is not the only evidence of Iron Age settlements in the area. In 2003, work to upgrade the A1 at South Milford uncovered the remains of an Iron Age charioteer.
- ROYAUME-UNI : Fortrose - An ancient cremation urn has been found by archaeologists surveying a site earmarked for a housing project. The team from Headland Archaeology believe the object uncovered at Fortrose dates from the Bronze Age. Further excavations will be done under the supervision of Highland Council's archaeology officer.
- BULGARIE : Turgovishte - Construction on a water purification station has been thwarted because works have partially destroyed a burial ground estimated at about 6 000 years and a Roman village in the vicinity. The archeological site, which is about 6000 years old, is marked on every cultural map of Bulgaria, yet construction was allowed to go ahead, with part of the infrastructure dissecting an ancient burial ground. Bulldozers and other equipment have already destroyed parts of the Roman village. Archeological excavation on site started late after construction of the water purification plant had already started.
- ROYAUME-UNI : Exeter - Historic remains of a Roman fort unearthed during excavations will be on display to the public for the first time this weekend. Roman remains dating back to approximately AD50 . The most significant remains were uncovered in the second phase of excavation, where long sections of parallel defensive ditches enclosing the fort were revealed. Despite much of the evidence being destroyed during the building of the original St Loyes complex, some of the ditches have survived, in places to depths of more than two metres. However, it's the Roman pottery found that has helped determine the date of the fort's occupation, while other finds suggest the site was also used for Roman civil occupation. On display will be various finds dating from the Roman occupation as well as pre-historic artefacts, suggesting the site could have been occupied for more than 2,000 years.
- CHINE : Chenzhuang - Recently, an expert symposium on a West Zhou Dynasty city ruins at Chenzhuang of Gaoqing County in Shandong Province was held in Beijing. Experts who attended the meeting believe the ruins bring Jiang Ziya, a well-known legendary figure in China's history, into the archaeological record. The findings might reveal the stories of the founding of the Qi Kingdom, which started in 1046 B.C., since Jiang Ziya was the first emperor of the Qi Kingdom. Li Xueqin, the leader of an expert team for Xia, Shang and Zhou dynastic study, said it was the first time that city ruins belonging to the earlier Qi Kingdom have been found in China, and some bronze works with characters "Qi Gong" were the earliest records about Jiang Ziya in archaeological history. This might tell people more unknown stories about the Qi Kingdom's founding. In addition, the ruins were selected as one of "China's Top 6 Archaeological Discoveries in 2009" by the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences and "China's Top 10 Archaeological Discoveries in 2009" by the State Administration of Cultural Heritage.
- GRECE : Substantial underwater antiquities and other finds brought to light in the Aegean in exploration that is continuing full swing despite the economic crisis will be housed in a new National Marine Archaeology Museum after suitable premises are found, according to the Ephorate of Underwater Antiquities. The creation of such a museum was recently approved after pending for 34 years, and the search is on for a suitable space to house it in the area of Piraeus or nearby Faliron, Department of Underwater Archaeology director Dr. Angeliki Simosi told ANA-MPA. The department was set up after explorations conducted by the late French explorer and oceanographer Jacques-Yves Cousteau in the Aegean, and archaeologists and researchers have since then brought to the surface significant artifacts of the country's "submerged history". Among the finds are a quantity of 18th century BC gold coins discovered in 2007 off the port of the island of Rhodes, a Classical Era shipwreck off Peristera, Alonissos Island, indicating that ships above 100 tons were being built in antiquity, a 1st century BC statue discovered off Kalymnos island and, more recently, two more shipwrecks off Agaloudes, on Oinousses island.