12 NOVEMBRE 2018: Baveh Yevan - Alamut - Assasif - Edinbirgh - Chrisosotira - Beer-Sheva -
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IRAN – Baveh Yevan - The current season of exploration has been conducted in the site in line with the project to trace the transition from the Middle Paleolithic period to the New Paleolithic era in west of the middle Zagros in the valley of Navdaroun in Kermanshah Province. he Public Relations Office of the Research Institute of Cultural Heritage and Tourism (RICHT) quoted Saman Heidari Goran, head of the archeology team as saying on Sunday that the project is being conducted under the supervision of the RICHT, and the Cultural Heritage, Handicrafts and Tourism General Department of Kermanshah Province. Referring to the outstanding results of the previous seasons which led to the discovery of the first definitive remains of the Neanderthal man in Iran, the archeologist stated that the third season of exploration in that area is underway with the purpose of obtaining further information at that Paleolithic place. According to him, the rocky cave and shelter of Yevan in the Navdaroun valley are located 35 km northwest of the city of Kermanshah. He further remarked that in the previous seasons, in addition to the rare discovery of a milk tooth belonging to the Neanderthal human milk dating back to about 42 to 45 thousand years ago, sedimentary layers with cultural data from the three middle and new Paleolithic and Epipaleolithic periods have also been discovered which have been deposited together. Heidari Goran expressed the hope that with the archeological and interdisciplinary studies in that area part of the long human history in the Zagros region will be clarified.
IRAN – Alamut - Hamideh Chubak, an archeologist who has been working on Alamut since 14 years ago, stressed that the Mongol invasion on Alamut had occurred several years after the death of Hasan Sabah as he died in 518 Hegira, but the Mongol invasion on the area was in 554 Hegira. The archeologist, based on historical evidence and the discovery of two pieces of golden tiles, further remarked that the Ishmailis returned to that place and resided there many years after the Mongol invasion and demolition of Alamut.
According to Chubak, new archeological findings in Alamut indicate that the Mongols were not the last to ruin this valuable castle, and possibly before or after the Timurid period the castle had been attacked and destroyed once again. Now, archeologists are after finding the tomb of Hassan Sabah, the founder of the Ismaili Sect in Iran, the tomb which has been said in the texts that was the shrine of his followers and his successors had been buried close to him. She noted that Mowla Sara is one of the places that was explored with the hypothesis that the discovery of Hasan Sabbah’s tomb, a place where Chubak refers to as one of the most important archeological findings in the last decade. 'This place is in fact is a dome-shaped building with the architecture similar to the dome-shaped buildings of the Seljuk period with full decorations.' According to Chubak, Mowla Sara had been the command center of Hassan Sabah and his successors, as well as the center of government and mosque, and the term Mowla Sara means the place for the stationing of the religious leader of the Muslims. Alamut Castle is located in the northeast of Gazorkhan Village on a cliff enclosed by the valleys. The military position of this castle is a sign of the intelligence and military knowledge of that time. This rock is a stronghold in the two parts of the ‘down castle’ and the ‘up castle’, the former constituting the roads and observation posts and protective walls, and the latter the center for governing and commanding. Hassan Sabbah, after passing training courses in Isfahan and Egypt, came to Alamut to promote the Ismaili sect and bought the castle in the year 483 from Mahdi Alawi, its ruler, and constructed water reservoirs there. After him, for 175 years his successors lived in the castle until the time Hulagu Khan of the Mongol invaded there and Rukn al-Din Khorshah (the last Ismaili ruler in Alamut) upon the advice of his minister Khaje Nasir al-Din Tusi, surrendered in 654.
EGYPTE – El-Assasif - The French Institute for Oriental Archaeology’s mission has unearthed a sandstone panel and a wooden ark dated back to the 18th Dynasty of Pharaonic Egypt in the northern area of El-Assasif Necropolis in Luxor. The mission found the ark and the panel in good condition. It only lost part of the leg, Secretary General of the Supreme Council of Antiquities Mostafa Waziri said. The ark was covered with a 1.7-meter layer of masonry, with the name “Boya” engraved on the ark. Meanwhile, head of the mission Frederick Cullen said that the panel was engraved with three texts regarding the offering of sacrifices and names of two senior state men, Titi Ankh and Ineni of the Theban Tomb TT81
ROYAUME UNI – Edinburgh - Archaeologists believe they have found the remains of a 12th century home in the Cowgate which was built before Edinburgh itself. The building lies alongside what the archaeologists believe would have been the town wall, offering the first evidence of occupation in an area away from the castle where most people at that time would live.ohn Lawson Archaeologist for the City of Edinburgh Council told us the story. He said: “This is a building roughly dating back to the first half of the 12th century. We are suspecting, and hoping, that it predates the formation of the burgh in the mid 12th century by David 1.“We suspect that because it’s cut through by a large ditch which dates to the late 12th century/early 13th century.” hey look at the fragments of pottery which are coming out of the ditch. He explained : “The pottery is of a type that dates from that period. We will do a lot more analysis later on with carbon dating. But the good thing about the building is that it has these large posts so hopefully we can get Dendro dates telling us when the timber was felled to give us a bit more of an accurate spot date. “But because we have this ditch – this ditch looks like a boundary ditch. The boundary ditch in this area and of that period, we would normally expect that would be the town ditch so that goes along with the formation of the burgh in the 12th century.”
BULGARIE – Chrisosotira - Ivan Hristov of Bulgaria’s National Museum of History and his team have uncovered evidence suggesting the Early Byzantine city of Chrisosotira may have been sacked and burned by the Slavs and Avars in the early seventh century A.D. The excavators investigated the remains of a large building situated near the harbor side of the fortress that may have been part of a large commercial complex. Its roof collapsed when it burned, preserving fragments of amphoras, pots, and jars; intact stacks of roof tiles probably intended for roof repairs; iron farming tools; and parts of a bronze scale. Three coin hoards found in the building helped the researchers to date the fire. Most of the 100 bronze and 10 gold coins found in the hoards depict Emperor Heraclius and his son, Constantine III, the latter of whom ruled for just four months in A.D. 641. The researchers also found traces of the fortress’ southern wall, made from stones and mortar containing crushed ceramics measuring more than five feet wide and surviving more than three feet tall. The placement of the wall indicates that the city was larger than previously thought.
ISRAEL – Beer-Sheva - Engravings of ships have been found on an ancient water cistern discovered in a city in Israel’s Negev desert. The Roman era-cistern, which is 39-feet deep, was excavated by the Israel Antiquities Authority in the Negev city of Beer-Sheva. “After initial clearing a well hewn and plastered staircase leading into the depth of the cistern was exposed,” officials explained, in a statement. Thinly engraved lines were found on the plaster walls of the cistern. On closer inspection, archaeologists discovered that the lines represented boats, a sailor and animal-style figures.Whomever did the engravings had knowledge of ship construction, according to Dr. Davida Eisenberg-Degen, an Israel Antiquities Authority specialist in Rock Art and Graffiti. The cistern likely served a nearby Roman residence, she added.