11 MAI 2018: Al-Hag Ali - Purana Qila -
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SUMMER TERM : JULY 2018
EGYPTE – Al-Hag Ali - An Egyptian Archaeological Mission of the Ministry of Antiquities, succeeded to discover a temple from the reign of Emperor Antoninus Pius, one of the Roman emperors in the second century AD, at Al-Hag Ali village in Siwa Oasis, located 350m away of the Mountain of the Deads (Gabal Al-Marwa). Dr.Ayman Ashmawy, Head of the Ancient Egyptian Antiquities Sector explains that this discovery reflects the history of Siwa Oasis and the northern coast during the Roman era. The temple consists of the foundations of a huge rectangular limestone building measured 40 m from north to south and 8.50 m from east to west. Its entrance is located on the northern side lined with two small rooms leading to a 25 m long front hall and the holy of the Hollies. The temple is also surrounded by an outer wall of 71 x 56 m in size. On his part, Abdul Aziz al-Damiri, general director of the Antiquities of Matrouh and Siwa and the head of the mission, said that the most important parts that has been discovered during the excavations are a limestone painting with Greek inscription and decorated with the sun disk surrounded by cobras. This relied, he asserted has helped to identify the name of the emperor who builtthe temple as well as the ruler of Egypt in this period. The measure of the block is about 5x 1 m. it was found broken in three parts and is most probably part of the upper lintel that is located at the entrance to the temple. He continues that the limstone painting was in a good condition of the preservation. and was transfer to store in the Siwa museum's storehouse to the conservation works.
INDE – Purana Qila - The Archeological Survey of India (ASI) has set out to demystify the kingdom of the Pandavas, months after undertaking excavation at Purana Qila to find the mythical city of Indraprastha. The ASI has excavated 10 meters and touched the Pre-Mauryan era at 4.5 metre, where it has found traces of Painted Grey Ware (PGY) in the un-stratified layer. The discovery is crucial as it pushes back the dates of Delhi's existence to 4th-6th century BC. The painted grey ware culture is associated with the Iron Age culture of the western Gangetic plain and the Ghaggar-Hakra valley, roughly corresponding to the period between 600 BC and 1200 BC. Archaeologist B B Lal has claimed that Purana Qila is the Pandava kingdom of Indraprastha, estimating 900 BCE as the period of the war recounted in the epic. Hence, making the findings even more important. “Later phases had shown the traces of PGW in the soil but we recently found PGW in un-stratified layers of the soil in the Pre-Mauryan era. There could be PGW habitation which might have been destroyed by the flood or it may be PGW in nearby areas,” a source in ASI confirmed, adding that if the layers can be excavated further, details about its history and time period can be found.“If the culture of PGW in stratified soil is found, then Delhi could be as old as Iron Age.