INSTITUT SUPERIEUR D'ANTHROPOLOGIE
INSTITUTE OF ANTHROPOLOGY
ONLINE COURSES / COURS A DISTANCE
SUMMER TERM : JULY 2016
CANADA – Waterloo - Just when residents thought a piece of regional history was out of their grasp, light rail construction consortium GrandLinq uncovered a second corduroy road overnight Thursday at King Street and Conestoga Road. Licensed archeologists confirmed the eight-metre long find is indeed another corduroy road, a Grandlinq spokesperson told The Record Friday in an email. It is the second historic road discovered during light rail work since March. The first corduroy road was discovered under King Street and Willis Way on March 11. A corduroy road is made by laying logs side by side perpendicular to a roadway passing through soft or wet soil. The lead archeologist documenting the road said it was built between 1790 and 1816 by Mennonites.
USA – Ark City - On a recent Thursday after class, Mahoney led several of her students on an hourlong field study of a city-owned field along Radio Lane just west of the U.S. 77 bypass. Students found about a dozen rock flakes with all the signs of having been byproducts of the production of stone tools and weapons by the ancient Etzanoans. The flake represents a remnant of work done by Native Americans between 1425 and 1720 in the large town of Etzanoa — in what is now Arkansas City — that was visited by Spanish conquistadors in 1601. The Spanish explorers estimated that “great settlement” was populated by 20,000 people. Etzanoa is at least the second-largest, pre-Columbian settlement in North America that has been discovered, and possibly the largest.
IRLANDE – Trim - Over the summer months, third-level students, IAFS staff and the Trim community will continue to explore the story of the Black Friary and the people of Trim, from the medieval period to the present day. IAFS have been excavating the Black Friary since 2010, but this promises to be their busiest ever year. SUNY Cortland will be conducting geophysical surveys of the Black Friary, while students from Ithaca College plan to conduct 3D scans of upstanding medieval remains, such as Trim Castle. A group of students from Maynooth University will be searching for evidence of the northern enclosure of Trim, which may be close to the southern boundary of the Black Friary site.
POLOGNE – Gliwice - In Upper Silesia, also in the area of Gliwice, there are dozens of earthen mounds that archaeologists call hill forts. These are considered relics of tower residences, built by the representatives of the local nobility in the period from the thirteenth to the fifteenth century. In 2015, Museum in Gliwice funded non-invasive studies of mounds located in Pniów and Stare Tarnowice. The latest research methods of modern archaeology have been used, including a device called a magnetometer. It allows to detect underground magnetic anomalies, which can be identified with the existence of archaeological objects, for example pits or architectural structures. This kind of work often allows to survey archaeological sites before planned excavations. It allows to determine more precise locations of the excavation pits during the excavation work, and thus - obtain more detailed knowledge of the examined objects. "We came across a number of anomalies that are remnants of knight towers. Apart from them, we can expect the remains of embankments: Noats, palisades, but also other so-called cultural layers related to the use of towers, probably containing fragments of vessels, weapons, everyday tools that may allow us to date these objects. With this non-invasive research, we know exactly where to look, where to excavate" - told PAP Radosław Zdaniewicz archaeologist from the Museum in Gliwice. Gliwice archaeologists have applied for funding for the excavations to the provincial conservator. Radosław Zdaniewicz explained that in the medieval times wooden towers were the most common places of residence of knights and their families, allowing for the efficient control and management of properties. "Knights received land from the prince, on which they could build their residences. In return, they had to report on every call of the prince. Unfortunately, we know little about knights who could live near today's Gliwice. From the documents relating to the objects we study we only know the name of Piotr de Tarnowitz, who lived in Tarnowice" - said the archaeologist. From the end of the fifteenth century, wooden manor houses were often erected on the same mounds, replacing the medieval residential towers.
INDE – Khammam - Four rare Buddha sculptures dating back to 3rd and 4th Century AD were unearthed from a tank in Khammam district last Thursday. The statues made of limestone were found in Ramasamudram tank in Nagulavamsa of Chintakani mandal when workers were removing silt. While two sculptures were intact, one was damaged and other was headless. However, the damaged pieces were recovered from the site. «There were four sculptures, one more than 1 metre high and the others half-metre. They are made of limestone and dates back to 3rd and 4th Century AD. Either the place was a Buddhist site or someone might have hid them in the tank,” said Mr P. Nagaraju, assistant director, department of archaeology and museums. The findings are significant since Khammam has a famous Buddhist stupa in Nela-kondapalli, which is a historical site with a mud fortification wall covering nearly 100 acre. Excavations have unearthed foundations of brick viharas, wells, cisterns, a maha stupa, terracotta figurines, bronze idol of Buddha, a miniature stupa carved in lime stone and other materials dating back to 3rd and 4th century AD. It is also believed that the Pandavas spent a year of Agyata Vasa after being exiled for 12 years, while working in disguise in the palace of Virata Raju, the king of Nagaram.