11 JUILLET 2018: Kovachevsko Kale - Halberstadt - Macédoinia -
INSTITUT SUPERIEUR D'ANTHROPOLOGIE
INSTITUTE OF ANTHROPOLOGY
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SUMMER TERM : JULY 2018
BULGARIE – Kovachevsko Kale - An unfinished grave stele, a pair of bronze tweezers, and more than 120 Roman and Byzantine coins were unearthed at the site of Kovachevsko Kale Fortress in northeast Bulgaria. The fortress is thought to have been built between A.D. 308 and 324 as protection for a city whose Roman name remains unknown. The stele measures more than three feet tall, two feet wide, and one foot thick. Plamen Sabev of the Popovo Museum of History said the carving on the stone depicts a woman and a powerful man wearing a toga and holding a document, in a style typical of the fourth century. The space left for an inscription is blank, however. Oleg Alexandrov of Veliko Tarnovo University thinks the man depicted on the stele may have died somewhere else, so the stone was never finished or used.
ALLEMAGNE – Halberstadt - Isotope analysis of the bones of eight men and one woman recovered from a 7,000-year-old mass grave reveals they were “outsiders with currently unknown origins,” according to archaeologist Christian Meyer of the State Office for Heritage Management and Archaeology of Saxony-Anhalt. The local people are known to have planted crops and raised livestock, but the isotope levels of the victims’ bones did not match those of other people who had been buried in the settlement, which indicates they ate a different diet. Meyer explained the young adults in the mass grave suffered injuries to the back of the head, likely inflicted with blunt force in a controlled manner, since all of the injuries are similar in size and shape. He added that the bodies had been dumped into the mass grave, unlike other individual graves in the cemetery that had been “carefully arranged.” The victims may have been captured nearby by a raiding party, or may have been transported from farther away as prisoners of war.
GRECE – Macedonia - More new archaeological sites have been uncovered in Central Macedonia as the construction phase of the Trans Adriatic Pipeline (TAP) continues to traverse through Greece. “Starting off from the largest Regional Unit, and specifically the Municipalities of Langadas and Oraiokastro, archaeological works focused on an area extending from the Evangelistria district to Pentalofos and the River Gallikos. Thanks to these excavations, many archaeological sites were unearthed – particularly in the mountainous areas – that had remained unexplored to date”, tap-ag.com announced on Monday on their website. Some of the most notable are burial grounds and individual tombs, some of which contained ancient artifacts the dead were buried with. Also, structures such as parts of settlements including ruins of walls and churches have been discovered during the construction of the pipeline. Other smaller and movable artifacts such as pottery, jewellery, and coins dating from the prehistoric to the post-Byzantine period have been discovered as well.