11 FEVRIER 2016 NEWS: Gizeh - Tralleis -
INSTITUT SUPERIEUR D'ANTHROPOLOGIE
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SPRING TERM : APRIL 2016
EGYPTE – Gizeh - On Thursday, the Harvard Semitic Museum will unveil a throne fit for an Egyptian queen—because it’s an exact replica of Queen Hetepheres’s throne, in which the Egyptian royal sat 4,500 years ago. Researchers at Harvard have used computer modeling software and 3-D milling machines to re-create the artifact, which was discovered by a joint Harvard University and Boston Museum of Fine Arts excavation team in 1925.The chair’s materials are based on the ancient original: cedar, bright glazed pottery tiles, gold foil, gesso (a white paint mixture), cordage seating, and copper. The 1925 archaeological expedition unveiled a small chamber 100 feet underneath Giza which contained burial equipment and other objects for Queen Hetepheres. She was the mother of King Khufu, the pharaoh who built the Great Pyramid.By recreating the chair, researchers were able to document the ancient process, discovering how exactly Egyptians constructed the throne.
TURQUIE – Tralleis – A 2000-year-old burial chamber has been discovered near the archaeological site of Tralleis during the first day of a drilling project led by the Aydın Museum to preserve the protected area. The burial gifts that were unearthed in the chamber shed light on the cultural life of the period. The director of the Aydın Museum, Yılmaz Akkan, said police officers are monitoring the archaeological site to protect the burial chamber as well as the artifacts it holds from looters. "We discovered three coffins in a rectangle vault," Akkan said. "The bones that we unearthed were damaged; however, the burial gifts that we discovered in the vault were a huge finding." So far, the archaeologists have listed and registered a total of 37 objects excavated from the burial chamber. Among these objects, cremation boxes, teardrop bottles and oil lambs stand out. A baked clay mask that was discovered among the burial gifts is perhaps one of the most important pieces to be discovered. The mask provides information about the people whose bodies were buried in the chamber. "We believe that a person who is interested or involved in theater - or any other form of art - is lying in this chamber," Akkan said, adding that no other masks have been unearthed in the excavations conducted in Aydın. The artifacts, which date back to the early Hellenistic period of the Roman Empire, will be included in the Aydın Museum collection once their cleaning and conservation processes are finished.