11 - 13 NOVEMBRE 2010
- 13 NOVEMBRE :
- CANADA : Dawson - Yukon archaeologists are hopeful they can identify the three bodies found at a Dawson City excavation last week. They believe that the remains are those of criminals executed during the Gold Rush, and then buried near the location of the historic North West Mounted Police detachment in Dawson City. Yukon senior archaeologist Greg Hare said his team already has a good start because Dawson's executions were well documented. "We know the names of 10 or 11 individuals who were presumably buried within the compound. So it's a process of elimination as much as anything else," he said. Contents buried with the individuals could offer clues. And he said the skeletons are so well preserved that even their teeth can tell a lot about each individual. For example, dental work would suggest that they weren't a First Nations person.
- 12 NOVEMBRE :
- ROYAUME-UNI : Ilkey Moor - Prehistoric carvings on Ilkley Moor are to be preserved with help from the latest technology so future generations will be able to enjoy and study them. Archaeologists hope to create digital 3D models of the carvings amid fears the originals could be eroded away. The carvings were made in what is known as the Mesolithic - or Middle Stone Age - era which started at the end of the last ice age in about 10,000 BC. It is thought they were made by some of the first hunter-gatherers to reach what is now Ilkley Moor - an area which now has the highest concentration of Mesolithic sites in the world.
- ROYAUME-UNI : Plymouth - Wreck found off Plymouth is identified as feared French corsair. With 25 guns and a plunder-thirsty crew, La Marquise de Tourny was the scourge of the British merchant fleet some 260 years ago. For up to a decade, the French frigate terrorised English ships by seizing their cargoes and crew under a form of state-sanctioned piracy designed to cripple British trade. Then, in the mid-18th century, the 460-ton vessel from Bordeaux, which seized three valuable cargo ships in a single year and distinguished itself by apparently never being captured by the English, disappeared without a trace. Nearly 300 years later, the fate of La Marquise and its crew can finally be revealed. The vessel is the first of its type to be found off British waters and one of only three known around the world, offering a unique insight into a frenetic phase of Anglo-French warfare when both countries set about beefing up their meagre navies in the mid-1700s by providing the captains of armed merchant vessels with "Letters of Marque" to take to the seas and capture enemy ships in revenge for attacks on other cargo convoys.
- 11 NOVEMBRE :
- BRESIL : Amazonie - A series of ancient underwater etchings has been uncovered near the jungle city of Manaus, following a drought in the Brazilian Amazon. The previously submerged images – engraved on rocks and possibly up to 7,000 years old – were reportedly discovered by a fisherman after the Rio Negro, a tributary of the Amazon river, fell to its lowest level in more than 100 years last month. Tens of thousands of forest dwellers were left stranded after rivers in the region faded into desert-like sandbanks. Though water levels are now rising again, partly covering the apparently stone age etchings, local researchers photographed them before they began to disappear under the river's dark waters. Archaeologists who have studied the photographs believe the art – which features images of faces and snakes – is another indication that thousands of years ago the Amazon was already home to large civilisations. The etchings appeared to have been made between 3,000 and 7,000 years ago when water levels in the region were lower. The etchings were "further, undeniable evidence" that the region had been occupied by a significant number of ancient settlements and people. Archaeologists are particularly concerned about the imminent inauguration of a 2.2-mile bridge across the Rio Negro connecting Manaus with Iranduba. The area is home to numerous archaeological sites, where ancient ceramics and burial urns have been found. "The bridge … will probably alter quite dramatically life on the other side of the Rio Negro … because [it] will put pressure on the land with urbanisation, and river fronts tend to be loaded with archaeological remains.
- EUROPE - Spanish and American researchers have conducted a mineralogical and chemical analysis to ascertain the origin of "terra rossa" soil in the Mediterranean. The results of the study reveal that mineral dust from the African regions of the Sahara and Sahel, which emit between 600 and 700 tonnes of dust a year, brought about the reddish soil in Mediterranean regions such as Majorca (Mallorca) and Sardinia between 12,000 and 25,000 years ago. The study, which has been published in Quaternary Science Reviews, finds that African mineral dust additions "play an important role" in the origin of the soils (palaeosols) in the Mediterranean region.
- E.A.U. : Abu Dhabi - The Abu Dhabi Authority for Culture and Heritage (ADACH) will organise an international conference on archaeology, to be held next year in Al Ain, the UAE. The conference, which will be held on 30th and 31st March 2011, will witness the participation of local and international experts. The conference is part of ADACH’s strategy to examine, protect, preserve and promote the rich array of archeological sites that can be found in Abu Dhabi and the UAE. In conjunction with the conference, The Department of Historic Environment announced the re-launch of its ‘Yearbook of Archaeology’ in the UAE. This book was last published in the seventies, but stopped at the end of the eighties. It is acknowledged to be an excellent source of regional and international information. A website featuring all the articles published in previous issues, will also be launched in order to make all the information available to researchers in this field.