10 OCTOBRE 2018: Binyanei Ha'Uma - Abousir - Etzanoa - Benkovski -
INSTITUT SUPERIEUR D'ANTHROPOLOGIE
INSTITUTE OF ANTHROPOLOGY
ONLINE COURSES / COURS A DISTANCE
FALL TERM : OCTOBER 2018
ISRAEL – Binyanei Ha'Uma - A 2,000-year-old Aramaic inscription unearthed during roadwork near the Jerusalem International Convention Center mentions Jerusalem, written in Hebrew letters, as it is spelled today. References to the city from the time period usually refer to “Shalem.” The complete inscription, which reads “Hananiah son of Dodalos of Jerusalem,” was found on a limestone column drum that was reused in a later Roman structure. Danit Levy of the Israel Antiquities Authority said the area where the column was found had been used for pottery and cooking vessel production in antiquity.
EGYPTE – Abousir - An ancient Egyptian tomb, dating back more than 4,000 years, has been discovered. It belongs to a priest named Kaires, who was the "sole friend" of an Egyptian pharaoh yet to be determined. Kaires is described as "the steward of the royal palace" and the "keeper of the secret of the Morning House." The tomb was discovered in a burial site near a pyramid at Abusir. "The burial chamber of Kaires has been looted already in antiquity, but in front of the limestone sarcophagus, his granite statue with remnants of colors and further titles has been somewhat miraculously preserved in its original location," a statement detailing the findings said. "It is these titles that indicate Kaires’ exceptional career." The burial site contains the remains of a small chapel and a tomb with inscriptions referring to Kaires. There is also a granite statue "with remnants of colors and further titles has been somewhat miraculously preserved in its original location." It's unclear what pharaoh is being referred to in the inscriptions, but it could be Neferirkare, the statement noted. "Kaires was ... inspector of the priests serving in the pyramid complexes of kings Sahure and Neferirkare," the statement said. It may never be known if Kaires was "the sole friend" to Neferirkare, his predecessor, Sahure or additional pharaohs, but given his burial, it's clear that he had a prominent place in history. Even though the expedition is still running and the final analysis of all data and information collected will take a much longer time, it can be said even at this stage of works that this is a unique discovery of a tomb of an exceptional figure of the history of Egypt of the 3rd millennium BC," the archaeologists wrote in the statement. They continued: "Kaires’ titles place him at the level of the viziers (prime ministers) of the time, whereas the architecture of his tomb completely exceeds the contemporary customs, and the full appraisal of this fact will only be possible after further investigation."
USA - Etzanoa - Donald Blakeslee and many of his students at Wichita State spent he summer doing archaeological digs near Arkansas City to find further evidence of the settlement of Etzanoa.
BULGARIE – Benkovski - Archaeologists has begun excavations of a site near the Greek border at the village of Benkovski, uncovering what they believe is a Thracian royal residence dating back more than 2000 years. The site includes a palace, a sanctuary, at least five royal burial sites in a necropolis and a 500m fortress wall. This, with several large buildings and a round altar, has led to the conclusion it was a Thracian royal residence. Archaeology Professor Nikolai Ovcharov, a consultant on the dig, said that during excavations in the area in 2016, a double grave, believed to be of a person of nobility, and ornaments, including silver and bronze jewellery, dating from the fourth to the third century BCE were found. The large wall found in what is today forest is thought to have enclosed a royal residence. The head of the archaeological dig team, Associate Professor Zdravko Dimitrov, said that the wall so far had remained unexamined. “So far, we have no data on its chronology, but it actually encloses the entire complex. All this has led us to think that this is on complex, and we have to investigate whether it really is,” Dimitrov said. “Most likely, we will find here all the elements of the Thracian culture, including a sanctuary, the necropolis, of course, and a settlement,” Dimitrov said. The complex near Benkovski is similar to the Thracian Kozi Gramadi residence near Starosel. The excavations, which are privately funded, will continue until the end of October 2018.