10 OCTOBRE 2016 NEWS - Erbil - Alcester - Calgary - Smyrna -
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KURDISTAN – Erbil - Maria Grazia, a French archaeologist, is leading a team of archaeologists who are uncovering a lost ancient city 25 kilometers southeast of the Kurdistan Region’s capital Erbil. “The Kurdistan Region has been recognized as one of the most important places where human cultures can be studied,” Grazia told Rudaw. "In Kurdistan, you can study all evolution almost without interruption." Grazia explained that she and her team came to Erbil back in 2011 and have come back every summer. Most of the funds for their project come from a special committee in the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs which funds archaeological projects. “We work to recover little bit more of the area, we hope to be back soon,” she said. “This is a never ending work… and this is a national treasure.”
ROYAUME UNI – Alcester - A 2,000-year-old Roman ‘mortarium’, which was being used as a bird bath has gone on display at Roman Alcester Heritage Museum. Alcester resident, Ray Taylor, found a pottery bowl in his garden a few years ago and decided to use it as a bird bath. A mortarium is a grinding bowl, used like a modern pestle and mortar. It was used to grind herbs, spices and other ingredients to make the strong-tasting sauces the Romans loved on their food – mainly to disguise the fact that the meat was often far from fresh. This example could have been made in Mancetter, near Atherstone, where there was an important mortaria production site.
CANADA – Calgary - The raging flood waters of 2013 scoured the banks of the Bow River at McKinnon Flats just southeast of Calgary, unearthing clues that led to further archeological digging a few metres away. The uniqueness of the site is the youth of the artifacts found, aged 300-500 years but discovered three metres beneath the surface — a depth where items normally 7,000-8,000 years old are found, he said. But the place along the Bow — a popular fishing spot — has been washed by successive flooding events that buried artifacts that would otherwise be at ground level, he adds. From a cache of ancient tools, Meyer produces a quartzite stone crudely fashioned to chop bison bones, along with a copper point crafted from European trading goods found in a nearby dig along the river. “Some people believe the transition from traditional stone tools to trade goods was very gradual but we might find from this site it happened more quickly,” he says. “This site has a lot of potential to find that.” The spot might have been used for butchering and cooking as far back as 1,000 years, said Meyer. In the excavation pit, black patches in the earth surrounding the bison skull denote the charcoal remains of a fire pit stoked by Blackfoot-speaking hunters hundreds of years ago. “At the other part of the site is where you’re seeing whole bones, so that’s where the butchering was being done,” says Meyer.
TURQUIE – Smyrna - A crossword puzzle with top-to-bottom and left-to-right Greek words has been unearthed on the in the walls of a basilica at the Smyrna agora, located in İzmir’s İkiçeşmelik area. “It looks like an acrostic. The same words are defined both top to bottom and left to right in five columns. The word ‘logos’ in the center is said to have been used by a Christian group to communicate with each other during times of oppression. We want to consider this as a puzzle because there are benches in front of these wall paintings. The lives of those who were working here are depicted in these paintings,” said the head of the Smyrna agora excavations, Akın Ersoy. The ancient city, which dates back 2,000 to 2,500 years ago, is distinguished for writing on walls, Ersoy said. Ersoy said they had found a rich collection of artifacts, including around 3,000 letters, shapes, leaves, dogs and sentences. “This is the same with the graffiti in Pompeii. In this region, Greek was spoken by intellectuals. It is possible to see Greek characters on the walls,” he said. He said they had found numerous ship figures, environmental fauna and paintings of gladiators on the walls of the coastal city as well as love poems. Ersoy said it was difficult to draw any meaning from the puzzle. “There are meaningless names, too. Like some researchers say, it may be a reference to the Christian group.”