10 NOVEMBRE 2017 NEWS : Londres - Watfa - Kutna Hora - Goa - Mississauga - Bologne - Eigg - Rajahmundry -






ROYAUME UNI4621aedf00000578 5063255 a roman temple has been restored to its original site seven metr a 58 1510166405335 Londres - A Roman temple has been restored to its original site seven metres (23 ft) below the City of London, using sound, lights and misty haze to bring the ruin back to life. Built in the third century, the London Mithraeum was discovered by chance in 1954 on a World War II bomb site. It became an instant public sensation, with up to 30,000 people per day queuing to see it. The temple to the god Mithras was dismantled and reassembled 100 metres (330 ft) away from its original location so the public could see it when post-war rebuilding on the site was complete. But now the ruins have been moved back and restored, deep beneath Bloomberg's vast new European headquarters by the Bank of England.

EGYPTE 23318961 1582611925117785 6015552551439355080 n 23167786 1582610851784559 7342848097282303573 n Watfa  - A joint team of German and Egyptian archaeologists working at the Watfa site in Egypt's Fayoum province discovered an ancient gym that dates back to the Hellenistic period. According to Ayman Ashmawi, the head of the Ancient Egyptian Antiquities Sector, the gymnasium has a large hall for meetings that was once decorated with statues, a dining hall and a courtyard. Next to the gym is a 200-meter track that is "long enough to engage in the typical race." Researchers also found out that gardens had "surrounded the building to complete an ideal layout of a center of Greek learning." Talk about picturesque. The site dates to a time when Egypt was ruled by Greeks after being conquered by Alexander the Great in the 4th century BC. Per Cornelia Römer, the leader of the team from the German Archaeological Institute, ancient Greek gyms such as the newly discovered gymnasium were typically "private foundations by rich people who wanted their villages to become even more Greek in aspect." "The young men of the Greek-speaking upper class were trained in sports, learned to read and to write, and to enjoy philosophical discussions," Römer's statement said. "All big cities of the hellenistic world like Athens in Greece, Pergamon and Miletus in Asia Minor, and Pompei in Italy had such gymnasia." The gymnasia in the Egyptian countryside were built after their pattern; although much smaller, the gymnasion of Watfa clearly shows the impact of Greek life in Egypt, not only in Alexandria, but also in the countryside," the statement added. The experts later estimated that when the village was first built all those years ago it housed a total of 1,200 inhabitants. Two-thirds are thought to have been Egyptian while the other third were "Greek-speaking settlers." The gymnasium, roughly 50 miles from Cairo, sits inside the ancient village of Philoteris, according to a Facebook post from Egypt's Ministry of Antiquities. The post also indicates that the village, founded by King Ptolemy II in the third century BC, was named after his second sister Philotera.


Rep.TCHEQUE - Kutna Hora. - Archaeologists say they have found mass graves from the height of the Middle Ages in the Czech Republic which are probably unique in Europe .The around 30 mass graves, containing around 1500 human remains mostly from the 14th and 15 century, have been discovered at the historic town of Kutna Hora. Many of those who were buried hurriedly died from the plague or from famine. In some graves the bodies are five layers thick, in the largest grave 26 layers thick. Archaeologists believe the wide cross section of the population buried can give a good picture of living conditions and how they evolved over time.


INDE – Goa - The state's oldest stone inscription, dating back to the mid-3rd to 4th century AD, lies neglected, partially buried under the branches of a uprooted tree.The historic and archaeological importance of the stone inscription came to light in the year 1993, after former chief minister and local MLA Pratapsingh Rane drew the attention of directorate of archives and archaeology (DAA) to the megalith.Situated off the Sakhali-Belagavi highway, near the ruins of the old Sateri temple in Poriem, this unlisted heritage of Goa bears a Brahmi inscription. Like many such heritage assets in the state that lie similarly abandoned, this Brahmi stone has been impacted adversely by continued exposure to the elements, which has resulted in damage to the inscription.The condition of this megalith-like stone has now been further aggravated after a tree collapsed over it recently. Professor S H Ritti, formerly of the Karnataka University of Dharwar, and the directorate of archaeology are studying the inscription. Palaeographically, the stone inscription has been dated to the mid-3rd to 4th century AD making it the state's earliest stone inscription.


CANADA -  Mississauga  - An archeological dig in south Mississauga has unearthed remnants of the city’s past. An Indigenous settlement dating back 2,400 years has been uncovered at a former residential property on the corner of Stavebank Road and Premium Way, according to Ward 7 Coun. Nando Iannicca. Indigenous peoples traversed the Credit River valley for thousands of years. The land around the QEW is in close proximity to the former Mississaugas of the New Credit First Nation village. Human bones, stone weapons, tools, ornamentals and earthenware pots from Indigenous peoples have been found in this area before.“This is of extraordinary significance,” said Iannicca. “It belongs in a museum in Mississauga or something that recognizes how incredibly significant this is.”

ITALIEImage 3537628799 Bologne - Authorities in Bologna, Italy, have announced the discovery of the site of the city’s medieval Jewish cemetery, which was destroyed in 1569. They said archeological excavations in 2012-14 uncovered 408 graves, making the cemetery the largest medieval Jewish cemetery known to date in Italy. In a statement, the superintendence said the graves discovered included those of women, men and children, and some “included personal ornaments made of gold, silver, bronze, hard stones and amber.” It said the cemetery was discovered during excavations being carried out in relation to the construction of a residential complex. The area, which is in and around via Orfeo, was used as a Jewish cemetery from the 1390s, but it was destroyed in 1569 after Pope Pius V banished Jews from everywhere in papal territories except Rome and Ancona. In November 1569, Pius handed over the cemetery to the nuns of the nearby cloister of St. Peter the Martyr and gave them permission “to dig up and send, wherever they want, the bodies, bones and remains of the dead: to demolish, or convert to other forms, the graves built by the Jews, including those made for living people: to remove completely, or scrape off the inscriptions or epitaphs carved in the marble.”The superintendence statement said the 408 graves uncovered by the excavations were “perfectly aligned in parallel rows, with ditches dug in an east-west direction and the heads of the dead on the west end.” It said no trace of tombstones had been found, but 150 graves showed clear signs of deliberate desecration.


ROYAUME UNI –  Eigg - Archaeologists have confirmed that bones found at Massacre Cave on Eigg are those of a teenager. Tourists discovered around 50 bones in the cave, the scene of a mass killing of members of the Macdonald clan in the late 16th Century, last year. Initial tests suggested the bones dated to between 1430 and 1620, potentially placing them to the time of the massacre which wiped out almost the entire population of the island. Results of a post-excavation analysis carried out at the cave are now being finalised with further radiocarbon dates from materials due soon. No proactive searches have been made for further remain given the cave is now treated as a war grave. The massacre on the island occurred around 1577 Up to 400 Macdonalds are said to have been killed by their Macleod rivals in one of Scotland’s most chilling episodes of clan warfare. According to accounts, the murders were carried out after three young Macleod men were expelled from Eigg and tied up on their boats after seemingly harassing a number of local girls. After the men returned to the Macleod seat of power at Dunvegan on Skye, retaliation was planned with the clan organising a trip to Eigg. The Macdonalds, aware of the approaching Macleods, hid in a large cave, now known as Massacre Cave, in the south of the island for some time. The Macleods then lit a large fire of turf and ferns at the entrance of the cave with the smoke suffocating those inside. Only one family managed to escape, it is said.

INDEDc cover ahvgkn7k53i3mu4m85s3emuei3 20171109070932 medi Rajahmundry - State archaeological authorities will carry out excavations at four Polavaram project-hit villages including Jonnalagudem, Chinamettapalli, Rudramakota and Rayanipeta of Godavari districts from November 13 for 75 working days to take up a scientific analysis of megalithic burials. The archaeological authorities say that the scientific analysis will help them find out age, food habits, culture and other details of the ancestors in addition to providing an insight into the tools used that were made of either stone, pebble or iron. The tools used to be placed in the burials along with the dead as was the practice earlier. The burials are expected to be either Cist or Dolmen. Cist burial is a small stone-built coffin like box to keep the dead persons while Dolmen burial is like a single chamber megalithic tomb having two or more vertical megaliths supporting a large flat capstone horizontally in a specific angle to bury the dead persons of a family.