09 AOUT 2018: Kentri Ierapetra - Carnoustie - Jerusalem - Melan - Tacotalpa - Lawford -
INSTITUT SUPERIEUR D'ANTHROPOLOGIE
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FALL TERM : OCTOBER 2018
GRECE – Kentri Ierapetra - A farmer in Kentri Ierapetra on Crete attempted to park his vehicle in the shade of an olive tree and by pure chance, the over-irrigated dirt under his vehicle revealed a carved tombstone of the Late Minoan III period. In the grave, that had not been ransacked, archaeologists discovered two large Larnaka Late Minoan period embossed depictions that are in excellent condition. In addition, there were two skeletons found in the graves and about 24 vases with colored embossings and depictions. This tomb is a rare find, as Sofianou explained to neakriti.gr. Archaeologists hope to find new evidence of the Late Minoan period in the area. “[It] is a unique vaulted tomb, four meters long, which does not refer to the burial of a lord of that period, but of the Late Minoan III period (1500-1400 BC) to a common mortal.”
ROYAUME UNI – Carnoustie - A Bronze Age spearhead found on land due to be turned into football pitches contained high purity gold and was likely buried for safekeeping, research has found. The spearhead, which was concealed around 3,000 years ago, was discovered in Carnoustie, Angus, in 2016 as archaeologists assessed the ground due for the sports development. As work got underway, archaeologists discovered the remains of a Bronze Age settlement and a haul of items, including a spearhead decorated with gold foil around the socket. The weapons is one of only five such gold-bound spearheads to have been found in Britain and Ireland. One of these was found just 12 miles away in a field at Pyotdykes 55 years ago with the two objects together offering new insight into Bronze Age life in Scotland. The Carnoustie example has nicks in its blade, and slight wear to the gold, that suggest that it had seen some use during its life. A band of gold foil was used to embellish the socket on both spearheads with a herringbone pattern used to decorate the Carnoustie weapon. Analysis found the high purity gold was likely to have come from Cornwall or southern Ireland rather than from Scotland. A report by GUARD Archaeology details how the spearhead was found in a pit wrapped in furskin. Beside it was a bronze sword buried in a well-preserved scabbard made from thin strips of hazel wood, with the material also found at the Pyotdykes site. A ‘sunflower-headed’ dress pin was also recovered from Carnoustie. Dr Sheridan, in an article for the National Museums Scotland website, added: “In each case, these deposits represent the wealth of an important, high-status person; we assume that these belonged to community leaders.
ISRAEL – Jerusalem - A 2,200-year-old gold earring has been unearthed near the site of the ancient Jewish temples in Jerusalem, providing rare evidence of Hellenistic influence on the region. The four centimetre (1.5 inch)-long filigree hoop was discovered during excavations outside Jerusalem's walled Old City, and is adorned with a horned animal that is believed to be an antelope or deer. The 'unique' find is the first earring found in Jerusalem that dates to the Hellenistic period around the third or early second centuries BC, researchers aid. The Hellenistic period sat between Jerusalem's conquest by Alexander the Great and the Jewish revolt against pagan rule recounted in the biblical Books of the Maccabees. 'This is the first time somebody finds a golden earring from the Hellenistic times in Jerusalem,' said Yuval Gadot, a Tel Aviv University archaeology professor involved in the dig. The Israel Antiquities Authority said the trinket might have been worn by wealthy men or women at the time.
ALBANIE – Melan - The 2018 excavation campaign carried out by the University of Macerata has wrapped up. The campaign took place in cooperation with the archaeological institute of Tirana as part of projects of the foreign ministry in southern Albania that concern the fortresses of Paleokaster and Melan and Hellenistic settlements in the Drino valley. In Paleokastro, excavation work focused on the western door, the main entrance of the Roman fortress dating back to the 4th century BC, in the internal church of the fortress probably built in the 5th-6th century AD. A team from the University of Camerino registered geo-physics information inside the fortification, In Melan, excavation work brought to light fortified structures from the Hellenistic and Byzantine periods. The site, due to its structure and history, offers important development to research that will continue with excavation campaigns in 2019. A group from the Polytechnic University in the Marche made a 3D survey in the theater of the Roman city of Hadrianopolis., for over a decade at the center of research, and the fortress of Paleokastro.
MEXIQUE – Tacotalpa - Experts say the age of the bones that have been found place them at a time when human beings shifted from being hunters to a lifestyle of little physical exercise. Three Maya skeletons were found in the Puyil cave, located in the Tacotalpa municipality of Tabasco state in southern Mexico. Experts have calculated that one is up to 7,000 years old, while the remaining two date back around 4,000 years. Archaeologist Alberto Martos said: "Seven thousand years old is what we've just placed it, which is the period of transition from being hunters to sedentarism. There were different groups during this time that used the caves, clearly it wasn't a domestic cave. "In prehistoric times it was probably used for rituals and cemeteries so as to dispose of remains of people. “For the Maya, it was a cave of ancestors. "This cave was used by the Maya, they respected the remains that were already there and left their own remains inside."
ROYAUME UNI – Lawford - Remains of an Iron age farm and roundhouse have been found by archaeologists at a Lawford development. A spokesman for Rose Builders said: “A 17 metre diameter roundhouse that was part of a small farmstead in the south west corner of the site was discovered. “This is thought to date back to the early/mid Iron age and the corner in Bromley Road comes round the corner of the roundhouse. “The roundhouse would have had a thatched roof and a drip gulley around its base to catch rainwater and a track to its side. “It would have housed a whole family and had a central hearth and it is likely there would be others in neighbouring fields.” Small fragments from the Roman era were found but archaeologists said there was no real clear evidence of Roman activity. The spokesman said: “A series of ditches and gullies forming agricultural enclosures were identified indicating early fields and enclosures, also dating from the Iron age.” “The ditches and gullies created the boundaries of different enclosures within the overall area farmed by the family occupying the farmstead. “It would have been mixed use farm land with both arable and pastoral land.”