08 AVRIL 2016 NEWS: Maryland - Pajjuru - Tokyo - Erzurum - Zhongshan -
INSTITUT SUPERIEUR D'ANTHROPOLOGIE
INSTITUTE OF ANTHROPOLOGY
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SPRING TERM : APRIL 2016
USA – Pax River - Jefferson Patterson Park and Museum (JPPM) 560 acres along the Patuxent River in Calvert County, is home to the Maryland Archaeological Conservation (MAC) Laboratory, which houses over 8 million artifacts discovered throughout the state, including approximately 500,000 artifacts unearthed over the years at NAS Patuxent River and its satellite properties. “The land that comprises Pax River has been occupied for thousands of years, first by Native Americans and then by early settlers from Europe,” explained Sara Rivers-Cofield, federal curator at JPPM. “Pax River and its satellites – Webster Outlying Field, Navy Recreation Center Solomons and Bloodsworth Island – account for the single biggest chunk of Navy artifacts because it’s a lot of land and it’s waterfront, which is where people have always wanted to live.” The most recent archaeological dig took place at Pax last year, at the mid-1800s site of the former Susquehanna Plantation slave cabins, near what is now Fishing Point. “The Navy collections get accessed frequently [by visiting researchers to the MAC Lab] because they include some great 17th century sites,” Rivers-Cofield said. “Sites at Webster Field are associated with the Jesuits starting in the 1630s that have to do with the founding of Maryland, and those are very popular with researchers.”
INDE – Pajjuru - Archaeologists on Wednesday unearthed coins and a crystal conearium rod which was used by women for applying vermillion on their forehead dating back to 1st century to 3rd century AD. The findings are part of the ongoing excavations in Pajjuru, Nalgonda district. Other items excavated include a lead coin, a copper coin, a terracotta bead and a bangle fashioned from shells. Of special interest is the square-shaped lead coin – embossed with a figure of a horse. The archaeologists estimate the item dates back to the Mahatalavara dynasty. “The Talavara coins are from Telangana region. Mahatalavaras ruled the territories in Andhra Desa prior to the Satavahanas or during the post-Satavahana times. The symbol of a horse on the obverse is an unidentified symbol. For all intents and purposes, Mahatalavara is the title given to a chief or head Mahatala or the one who was in charge of revenue collection — besides law and order of a particular territory,” P. Nagaraju, Assistant Director, Department of Archaeology and Museums (Nalgon-da/Mahbubnagar), told Deccan Chronicle on Wednesday.
JAPON – Tokyo - In a rare discovery for the history of Christianity in Japan, Bunkyo Ward in Tokyo has found what it believes are the remains of Italian priest Giovanni Battista Sidotti. Excavation began in April 2014 on the site of Krishitan Yashiki (Christian Mansion), a former prison for Christian missionaries during the Edo Period (1603-1868), with the remains of three people discovered there that July. It has recently been determined that the DNA of one set of remains closely matched Sidotti’s. According to Bunkyo Ward, Sidotti came by ship from Italy to Japan’s Yakushima in today’s Kagoshima Prefecture in 1708. During the Edo Period, Japan was closed off from the world under the sakoku isolation policy, and Christianity was strictly forbidden. After attempting to enter the country under the guise of a samurai, Sidotti was captured and later sent to the Krishitan Yashiki in Myogadani (now Kohinata, Bunkyo Ward), where he was confined until his death. He died of illness in 1714 aged 47 and was buried there, according to historical documents.
TURQUIE – Erzurum - Restoration has nearly been completed in one of the most important historic Seljuk structures in Anatolia and the symbol of the eastern province of Erzurum, the Çifte Minareli Madrasah (Double Minaret Madrasah). However, pipes which were installed around the madrasah for rain and snow water removal have drawn criticisms. Restoration began in the madrasah, which was built by Alaeddin Keykubad I’s daughter, Hüdavent Hatun, in 1253, in August 2011 and some 7 million Turkish Liras was spent for the works. The madrasah is set to open as a museum in May. In addition to a steel structure built behind the madrasah for ventilation and a glass section constructed for stairways, 15 steel vent pipes have drawn criticisms to the restoration project, which was approved by the Cultural and Natural Heritage Preservation Board.
CHINE - Zhongshan - An ancient tomb dating back to the late Eastern Han Dynasty (25-220 AD), nearly 2,000 years ago, has been found in south China's Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, local authorities said on Thursday. The tomb was discovered by construction workers in Zhongshan County, according to Chen Xiaolin, head of the county's cultural relics office. Archaeologists unearthed pottery jars, pots, copper bowls and coins from the tomb. They also found agate earrings, a copper mirror and spinning wheels in the tomb, suggesting it belonged to a woman. The tomb is located in the Siqinjiang River basin, which was an important part of the historical maritime Silk Road, an ancient commercial route via which China sold silk, ceramics and tea to overseas markets. The findings in the tomb will provide vital evidence for research of the maritime Silk Road, Chen said.