07 NOVEMBRE 2018: Quebec - Matariya - Okehampton - Luoyang - Orkney - Hili Falaj -
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CANADA – Québec - In what is being called a major archeological discovery, excavations for a condominium project in Quebec City have uncovered a fortification dating back to 1693. Preserved in clay for centuries, the 20-metre section was part of a wood palisade built to defend against possible attacks from the English and from Indigenous groups. Historians say about 500 people worked on building the wall in a settlement that had just 800 people at the time.
EGYPTE – Matariya - Archaeologists working at a dig in Cairo have found several fragments of stone slabs with inscriptions that could be 4,000 years old, Egypt's Ministry of Antiquities said. Some of the limestones date to the 12th (founded in 1991 BCE) and 20th dynasties, of the Middle and New Kingdoms, the ministry said on Tuesday. German Egyptologist Dietrich Raue, the head of the mission, said one inscription referred to Atum, an important and frequently mentioned god, as being responsible for the flooding of the Nile River in the Late Period between 664 and 332 BCE. Matariya, in eastern Cairo, was once part of the ancient city of Heliopolis, or the city of the sun.
ROYAUME UNI – Okehampton- It was thought Roman influence during the Roman Empire in Britain did not stretch beyond south-west of Exeter. But archaeologists have uncovered the remains of a Roman town in Devon, The new discovery is believed to be the most south-westerly settlement ever found in England, in an area where people believed the Romans never settled. Archaeologists are working at the development in Okehampton, 22 miles south west of Exeter, which was said to be the limit of Roman settlement in Britain in the south west. AC archaeology have unearthed rare findings which include foundation trenches with post-holes of 25 timber-constructed buildings. They are situated on both sides of a well-preserved Roman road which extends eastwards to a military fort.
CHINE - Luoyang - Archaeologists in central China's Henan Province on Tuesday poured liquid out of a bronze pot unearthed from a Western Han Dynasty (202 BC to AD 8) tomb into a measuring glass, which gave off an aroma of rich wine. "There are 3.5 liters of the liquid in the color of transparent yellow. It smells like wine," said Shi Jiazhen, head of the Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology in the city of Luoyang. He said the discovered content needs to undergo further lab research so the team can accurately ascertain the ingredients of the liquid. A large number of color-painted clay pots and bronze artifacts were also unearthed from the tomb, which covers 210 square meters. The remains of the tomb occupant have been preserved, said Shi. He said they will conduct lab research on items found in the main tomb chamber. Similar-aged rice wine had earlier been found in other tombs dating back to the Western Han period. Liquor made from rice or sorghum grains were a major part of ceremonies and ritual sacrifices in ancient China. It was often contained with elaborate bronze cast vessels. Shi said the bronze pot containing the liquid is one of the two big bronze items unearthed from the tomb. The other is a lamp in the shape of a wild goose, which was the first of its kind found in the city of Luoyang, capital of 13 dynasties, with a history of 3,000 years.
ROYAUME UNI – Orkney - A remarkable, perfectly preserved 2,000-year-old wooden bowl unearthed from a well on Orkney can be seen for the first time. The bowl was discovered over the summer in an underground chamber at The Cairns Broch archaeology site on South Ronaldsay. It is hoped the object will shed further light on what the mysterious underground chambers were used for - and who was using them. The very finely carved vessel has an exceptionally smooth finish, appearing almost burnished, with tool marks visible inside. It had been skilfully hand carved from a half-log of an alder tree. Although the object has split into two large pieces and about twenty smaller pieces at some point in the past, it is largely complete.
U.A.E. - Hili Falaj - One of the oldest aqueduct systems in the UAE dates back 500 years further than first thought, newly-uncovered evidence has revealed. It was originally believed that Falaji Hili 15, in the Hili region of Al Ain, was established in 700BC. But experts at the Department of Culture and Tourism - Abu Dhabi, using information gleamed from excavations previously carried out, now say the site is estimated to have been built in 1200BC, during the Iron Age. The aqueduct is considered an important discovery as it gives historians and archaeologists a fresh insight into the inhabitants of the regions and their settlements and when they were established. The Hili Falaj is an intricately-designed aqueduct system that allows for water distribution from mountainous areas to inhabited regions. The water supplies provided via the aqueduct helped provide valuable freshwater resources for drinking and agricultural irrigation. Ali Abdulrahman Al Meqbali, head of the Al Ain archaeology division, said the discovery of the water system had changed previously held theories about when aqueduct systems in the region were set up. "Falaj Hili 15 changed existing theories surrounding aqueduct systems in the region. Initially, it was thought that the aqueducts dated back to 700 BC, however, this particular Falaj dates back to 1200 BC," he said. "The aqueducts are seen as systems developed to assist inhabitants of the region gain access to fresh water supplies, overcoming difficult environmental conditions during this period. The expert said aqueducts are dependent on an underground aquifer, or water source. Underground channels then allow the passage of water to surface-level tunnels, which then carry water to a Shari’a, that leads to an open cistern. This main access point allows for water to be allocated to inhabitants and farmers for irrigation and agricultural development.