07-08 NOVEMBRE 2014 NEWS: Kibyra - Barnham - Derveni - Mobile - Queen Maud Gulf - Teotihuacan - Brick -
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TURQUIE – Kibyra - Archaeological excavations in the southern province of Burdur’s Kibyra ancient city of have revealed a three-staged pool system and a fountain structure. An official from the excavations, İsmail Baytak said they had unearthed the structures in the agora of the ancient city. He said water had been delivered to the stores and buildings in the agora from the pool, adding there was also a system to stop the water flow, as well as a waste water system. Baytak said the foundation was built 200 years after the city took its shape, adding, “The pool and the foundation were built in front of the entrance of the eastern gate of the ancient city. The city was too rich at that time.”Baytak said around the pool and the fountain they had found coins and ceramics, providing information about the era of the structures. “They are from the end of the 2nd and the beginning of the 3rd centuries. The Heracles bust was also found here and that is why we will call this fountain Heracles.”
ROYAUME UNI – Barnham - Ancient artefacts have provided the first proof the Romans lived in Barnham. The discovery of the settlement dating back to before 100AD has been recovered during an excavation at a building site. Archaeologists found the remains of what is believed to be an ancient settlement on the former Angel’s and Hyde Nurseries site close to Barnham Community Hall. John Mills, the county council’s senior archaeologist, said: “This is the first good evidence we have for a Roman settlement in Barnham. “Banks and ditches surrounded a square plot of land - an enclosure - and two smaller rectangular enclosures behind it, which the local Romanised Britons were probably living in, and certainly burying their household rubbish, in. “Fragments of pottery show that the inhabitants were obtaining their household pottery vessels from kilns in the Arun Valley, a thriving local industry, and the Rowlands Castle and New Forest areas.” But some of the other vessels they used were finer, such as the smooth red decorated Samian Ware, which was imported from central France by wealthy households, he said.
GRECE – Derveni - The Derveni Papyrus is the only readable papyrus that has survived in Greece and the most ancient manuscript in Europe. Now it is a candidate for the UNESCO list of documented Heritage Monuments. According to archaeologists, the Derveni papyrus was written around 340-320 B.C. and it is a copy of an older version written at the end of the 5th century B.C. At the moment, only one panel out of nine is exhibited at the Thessaloniki museum. The nine panels hold a total of 266 fragments of the ancient papyrus. The papyrus was never exhibited in its totality as it was stored in the museum’s storage for preservation - The papyrus is an ancient Greek manuscript that was found on January 15, 1962 in Derveni in Macedonia, northern Greece. It was found in the ashes atop of an ancient tomb, presumably that of a nobleman. Experts say that it survived because it was not affected by humidity as it was carbonized by the funeral pyre. The text is a philosophical treatise that is an allegorical commentary on an Orphic poem about the birth of the gods. It was written by someone in the circle of the philosopher Anaxagoras in the second half of the 5th Century B.C. It “the most important new piece of evidence about Greek philosophy and religion to come to light since the Renaissance” (Janko 2005). It dates to around 340 BC, during the reign of Philip II of Macedon, making it Europe’s oldest surviving manuscript.
USA – Mobile - A team of archaeologists have found thousands of artifacts from centuries ago in downtown Mobile. Diggers found an old outhouse, brier pipes, and parts of buildings from the early settlers of Mobile in the early 19th century, The brier pipes had faces carved into them. “It’s always nice to see a human face looking back at you out of the dirt,” said Greg Waselkov with the University of South Alabama. They also found a rice field and a barrel well they think belonged to the farmer. “It turns out rice is actually kind of important to Mobile. It’s the economic pillar that really kept this area going through the late 18th century,” Waselkov said. Those are just a few of the artifacts found. Even after the digging has stopped, researchers will use the artifacts to continue to learn about Mobile’s history. “We’re still analyzing all the artifacts we have thousands and thousands of artifacts that we found in this area,” Waselkov said. The artifacts will be stored at the University of South Alabama. Some of the artifacts will have to be chemically treated to keep the material from disintegrating.
CANADA – Queen Maud Gulf-Parks Canada has retrieved a bronze bell from the wreck of the HMS Erebus, one of two ships lost during Sir John Franklin’s doomed expedition in search of the Northwest Passage. The bell was found resting on the upper deck of the ship, surrounded by algae but in good condition. An arrow, used to signify property of the British Royal Navy, is still visible on the exterior along with the year 1845.
MEXIQUE – Teotihuacan - Airpano est un site russe proposant des vues aériennes panoramiques de 360 degrés. On peut ainsi visiter Teotihuacan.On peut profiter de onze prises de vue différentes. A l'aide de la souris on navigue dans l'image qui propose quelques informations supplémentaires au moyen de points d'interrogation disséminés sur le cliché. Toutes les photos sont en très haute résolution.
USA – Brick - Workers discovered a nineteenth-century shipwreck while building a 3.5-mile-long steel wall to protect a highway and oceanfront homes in an area of coastal New Jersey. The ship, which was made entirely of wood, is thought to be the Scottish brig Ayrshire, which ran aground during a storm in 1850. All but one of the passengers, who were immigrating from England and Ireland, were rescued with a newly developed life-car from a life-saving station on shore. “In the case of a near-shore disaster, you would set up a line between ship and shore. And in closeline style, you would run this little metal cart out there, fill it with people, and then bring them back,” explained Dan Lieb of the New Jersey Shipwreck Museum.