07 - 08 AOÛT 2010
- 08 AOÛT :
- TURQUIE : Milas - An illegal excavation which took place in the Zeus Karios area in Milas, Bodrum, revealed the large tomb stone of King Hekataios. The tomb stone was made in 390 B.C. and it is said that the discovery is one of the most important archeological discovery in modern times. The tomb stone has a length of 2.75 meters and a width of 1.85 meters. The discovery revealed that the tomb stone belongs to Hekataios’s father Mausolos. Mausolos was the satrap of Karia.
- NEPAL : Gorkha - The 586-year old Gorkha Palace, a major attractions for thousands of domestic and foreign tourists, and other sites of historical significance have been imperilled due to landslides triggered by monsoon rains. Constructed by King Ram Shah in 1481 BS, the palace as well as the Gorakhkali Temple, are under threat with the walls and staircases, renovated around 37 years ago falling prey to erosion. According to temple priest Ishwornath Yogi, the stair cases and walls, which were built to support the temple and the palace are on the verge of collapse. He informed that the retaining wall had cracked in the earthquake in 2001. Since then, the process of deterioration had set in.
- EGYPTE : Giza - For 4,500 years, the Great Pyramid at Giza has enthralled, fascinated and ultimately frustrated everyone who has attempted to penetrate its secrets. Now a robotics team from Leeds University, working with Egypt's Supreme Council of Antiquities, is preparing a machine which they hope will solve one of its enduring mysteries. In 1992, a camera sent up the shaft leading from the south wall of the Queen's Chamber discovered it was blocked after 60 metres by a limestone door with two copper handles. In 2002, a further expedition drilled through this door and revealed, 20 centimetres behind it, a second door. The north shaft bends by 45 degrees after 18 metres but, after 60 metres, is also blocked by a limestone door. Now technicians at Leeds University are putting the finishing touches to a robot which, they hope, will follow the shaft to its end. Known as the Djedi project, after the magician whom Khufu consulted when planning the pyramid, the robot will be able to drill through the second set of doors to see what lies beyond.
- U.S.A. : Browning - Archaeologists are teaming with Blackfeet tribal members to uncover a vast and little-known former hunting complex and bison kill site along the Two Medicine River used at least 1,000 years ago. Researchers say the 9-mile-long project area, containing a preserved system for driving bison over a cliff, bison bones and remnants of two campsites, could become one of the largest and most significant Blackfeet heritage sites in the region. The site is said to be near the birthplace of Blackfeet legend Kutoyuis. Archaeologists found 651 tepee rings at this site, which is a large amount, tiny artifacts, such as chopping tools that probably were used by women for food and hide processing, parts of bison bones that were used by children as toys. They have discovered that the bison scapulas, or shoulder bones, were lined up in an intentional manner, but the reason for that isn't yet known.
- ROYAUME-UNI : Lincoln - Archaeologists working in the castle grounds have discovered remains of Anglo-Saxon houses. When William the Conqueror decided to build a castle inside the old Roman fort, he swept away 166 homes - more than 10% of the existing town. Now the first of a series of digs has uncovered a fireplace, pottery and the marks of structural timbers. Lincoln was one of the first castles built by William, following his victory at Hastings in 1066, to help secure the country.
- 07 AOÛT :
- INDE : Khirasara - The ASI expects that Khirasara, which is located 85 km from Bhuj, cannot be vastly different from its neighbours like Dholavira, Surkotda and Lothal, the golden triangle that is being pitched for World Heritage Site status. Khirasara could throw up similar "nature and expression" as work progresses. After all, the Kutch belt adjoins the state of Sindh, which was the cradle of the Indus Valley Civilisation. "This settlement is not as big as Dholavira but that does not take away its importance," says Dr Jitendra Nath, superintending archaeologist. Nath confirms having unearthed some fine specimens of perforated pottery, which will be matched with the items recovered from other Harappan sites in order to identify and date them. "The ones found in the upper layer are likely to belong to a later period while the ones found in the deeper layer will be older," he explains. As is self-evident, the "subsistence pattern", or the trade and livelihood options of the lost colony will also become known once more artifacts are found. - INDE : The discovery of the cemetery at Samian village, which has about 70 graves going back to 3000-3500 BC, by archeologists of the Research Institute for Humanity and Nature, Kyoto (Japan), Deccan College, Pune, and Maharshi Dayanand University, Rohtak, generated so much excitement that the Haryana Archeological Department initiated a move to declare the 9-acre plot a protected site and to speed up the acquisition process. But in a strange and unfortunate twist to the landmark findings, the site, just a year after it was discovered, has now been abandoned following the landowners' refusal to allow archaeologists to carry out further excavation. The state government in Haryana, like elsewhere, has been able to do little to protect the historic place. The landowners have not only refused permission to go ahead with the work, but have refilled the excavated sites with earth.
- INDE : Poompuhar - Exploration planned under the sea off Poompuhar on Tamil Nadu's coast could provide evidence of the thriving trade centre mentioned in the works of Ptolemy and Pliny. According to the Tamil epic Manimekalai, Poompuhar on Tamil Nadu's east coast was 'swallowed' by the sea following the curse of a goddess. The myth says that a Chola king, mourning his son's death, forgot to celebrate the annual spring festival, Indra Vizha and incurred the deity's wrath. Historians today believe that the disaster that hit the port town was a tsunami. Centuries later, the 2004 tsunami that ravaged modern-day Poompuhar has posed a big challenge to archaeologists. The ancient town lies buried in the sea and divers of the Goa-based National Institute of Oceanography will have to scrape through layers of sediment, sea barnacles, flora and fauna to piece together the story of the busy port town that had trade links with the east and the west.
- EGYPTE : Guizeh - Theories fly around regularly about whether there are secret tunnels or hidden halls under the Sphinx, which Dr Zahi Hawass insists is not the case in this Heritage Key video
But my question is much more simple - Whatever happened to the nose of the Great Sphinx?