06 JUIN 2017 NEWS: Lagoa Santa - Chengdu - Trempealeau - Valley Forge - Soli Poempiopolis - Lienden -
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BRESIL – Lagoa Santa - This skull, found in the same archaeologically rich region, has similar traits to today’s American Indians. The discovery of the African’s face challenges the thinking about the American continents' first pioneers. Apiuna bears a close likeness to Luzia, the name given to the 11,500-year-old skull of a young African woman, whose remains are the oldest ever found on the South American continent. In 1998, Luzia’s fossilised bones, excavated more than 20 years before from the same region as the primitive men, were found to have similar ethnic characteristics to modern-day indigenous Sub-Saharan Africans, native Australians and Melanesians. At the time, the revelation sent shock waves through the scientific community because Luzia looked nothing like the Siberian Asians who scientist agree are the genetic forebears of today’s native Americans. Archaeologists believe there were at least two large migratory waves of distinctively different people who made the odyssey across the Bering Straits, the land bridge between Siberia and Alaska, reaching the American continent thousands of years before the first Europeans arrived. Apiuna may have been in the first nomadic wave with Luzia.
CHINE - Chengdu - Archaeologists have excavated a temple in China`s Chengdu city, around 1,000 years after it was deemed to have been lost, officials said on Sunday. The Fugan temple lasted from the Eastern Jin Dynasty (317-420 A.D.) to the Southern Song Dynasty (1127-1279 A.D.), Xinhua news agency reported. It is said that Daoxuan, a famous Tang Dynasty (618-907 A.D.) monk, once performed a religious ritual praying for rains to end a persistent drought in the temple after which it rained -- as if the prayers were heard in heaven. Famous Tang Dynasty poet Liu Yuxi left a poem to commemorate the temple`s renovation, describing its heavenly appearance. It further noted the temple`s important role at that time. However, the building was worn down during the later period of the Tang and Song dynasties, with all traces of the temple disappearing during wars. Archaeologists unearthed more than 1,000 tablets inscribed with Buddhist scriptures and over 500 pieces of stone sculpture as well as glazed tiles with inscriptions."We have only excavated a part of the temple`s area but already have a glimpse of its past glory," said Yi Li, who led the excavation project.He said they have found the temple`s foundation, ruins of surrounding buildings, wells, roads and ditches. During the excavation, archaeologists found some 80 ancient tombs scattered near the temple, dating back to Shang and Zhou dynasties (1600-256 B.C.).
USA – Trempealeau - Danielle Benden has been uncovering artifacts in the Trempealeau area for the past decade, but the thrill of the find never gets old. “It’s still equally as exciting now,” said Benden, archaeologist and co-owner of Driftless Pathways with husband and fellow archaeologist Robert “Ernie” Boszhardt. “Digging up something in the dirt that hasn’t been touched in 1,000 years ... it’s an amazing feeling.” It’s an experience Benden has shared with many over the course of the Trempealeau Archaeology Project, a community-wide quest to uncover the history of the Mississippians, a group of 100 to 200 people who left the city of Cahokia, a 2,200-acre tract near what is now St. Louis and paddled 500 miles up the Mississippi River to the “Mountain Whose Foot is Bathed in Water.
USA - Valley Forge National Park - When archaeologists methodically opened the ground, they found a cache of 30 bayonets, stacked together—a remarkable find for a Revolutionary War encampment. The site where the bayonets were found is on private property outside the park, but it was once part of the encampment where the Continental Army famously spent a hard winter from December 1777 to June 1778. In such camps, no valuable material could be wasted, so archaeologists usually find just bits and pieces of objects or evidence of materials being reused. Viable weapons didn’t just get buried and left behind.
TURQUIE – Soli Poempiopolis - The monumental grave of ancient Greek astrologist and philosopher Aratos, which is inside the ancient city of Soli Poempiopolis in the southern Turkish province of Mersin’s Mezitli district, is currently used as an agricultural field, underneath a large greenhouse. “The grave is not open to visitors because it is on a private land. It is under an orange garden next to the columns of the ancient city but we have not been able to unearth it,” said Mezitli Mayor Neşet Tarhan.Tarhan said most of the ancient city and its columns remain underground. Aratos lived between 315 and 245 B.C. and worked on meteorology, mathematics and botanics.
PAYS BAS – Lienden - A hoard of coins dating from the final days of the Roman Empire has been found in an orchard in Gelderland. Experts believe the fortune was buried by a Frankish military leader in the second half of the fifth century, when the area was part of the Western Roman Empire, which collapsed in 476AD. Some of the 41 gold pieces unearthed in Lienden, near Veenendaal, bear the image of Majorian, one of the empire’s last rulers, who reigned for four years from 457. ‘On that basis we think this treasure was buried in around 460,’ said Nico Roymans, professor of archaeology at the Vrije Universiteit in Amsterdam.