05 JUIN 2018: Sanauli - Smyrna -
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SUMMER TERM : JULY 2018
INDE - Sanauli - When archaeologists stumbled upon the burial pits at Sanauli in Uttar Pradesh's Baghpat district, no one would have thought of discovering a chariot from the Pre-Iron Age. It has been found after a three-month-long excavation. Previously, chariots were found to be a part of Mesopotamia, Georgia, Greek civilizations. Aside from the chariot, another significant finding during this excavation was a crown or helmet, which is normally worn by the rider of the chariot during the journey. Asked whether the chariot was run by a bull or a horse, Manjul said that the answer still remains unknown as it is a very debatable topic. "it could be a bull or a horse but having said that the preliminary understanding points at the horse. The chariot is a lookalike of the ones found in its contemporary cultures like Mesopotamia, it is a solid wheel with no spokes," the director added. Speaking of the time when the first evidence of the wheeled vehicle was found in the world history, the archaeological experts shared their insights into the matter. Chariots figure were prominently mentioned in the Rigveda. During their presence in the 2nd millennium BCE, a few eminent Rigvedic deities including Ushas and Agni used to ride a chariot. The Sanauli excavation is a further effort to find out more significant findings adding to 116 graves belonging to Indus Valley Civilisation, which were found in 2005. Among which, the archaeologists dug out eight burials and found out that each has a different story of life and style and shed light onto the lifestyle from the Pre-Iron Age. "This throws light on the lifestyle and cultures of the people who lived in the Pre Iron Age – there are mirrors with copper, the elaborate burials, all this shows the society was technologically advanced, aesthetic and had the sense of art and craft. They were warrior clans, and had a sophisticated lifestyle," added Manjul.
TURQUIE – Smyrna - Archaeologists have discovered ashes from one of the biggest ever volcanic eruptions in recorded history. Excavations in Turkey’s ancient city of Smyrna, now located in Izmir, have revealed details from a Minoan eruption that took place some 3,600 years ago. Smyrna was established about 5,000 years ago by the Greek tribe of Aeolians and later inhabited by Ionians. It was mostly abandoned after it was captured by the Anatolian kingdom of Lydia in the 6th century B.C. Archaeologists say the ashes will tell them a lot about the history. “Now that we have identified those ashes with a more extensive work here, we are making an historical record of them,” said Professor Cumhur Tanrıver, head of the Smyrna excavation team. “This work will provide an insight for the archaeological community. We will know the history of this eruption and how these eruptions, which affected the fate of the whole Mediterranean, caused the changes in Smyrna.” Smyrna was an important port city and trade outpost on the coast of the Aegean Sea. An excavation in the old city of Smyrna was launched in 2007 and has uncovered various important findings since then, the latest being these ashes.