04 FEVRIER 2016: Lac Victoria - Bua - Hermopolis -
INSTITUT SUPERIEUR D'ANTHROPOLOGIE
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SPRING TERM : APRIL 2016
USA – Lac Victoria - Piece by piece, information continues to be gathered to solve the mystery of the Lake Victoria bison bones. While bones found at the site on the east edge of Alexandria more than four years ago are being studied at Hamline University in St. Paul, soil samples were just taken last weekend for additional study. Kate Pound, geology professor at St. Cloud State University and five students visited the Alexandria lake Saturday to take core samples from the lake bottom. Pound said the samples could show the history of deposits in the lake, which could show where the sediment came from and provide a record of human settlement. The first bone was found on June 14, 2011, when Van Surksum, a fishing guide, was testing a walleye fishing spot on Lake Victoria. The men dove at the site three times during July and August of that year, coming up with more than 200 bones, including an upper and lower jaw bone, neck bones, vertebrae, pelvis and a bison's horn. Mather said the large quantity of bones in one spot signified the remains of a Native American kill site, where bison were killed and processed for food, tools and weaponry. The bison might have been forced over a nearby cliff to their deaths. The bones showed evidence of cut marks or breaks possibly made by humans during the butchering. Radiocarbon dating would bring more information about the age of the bones, but the results could be skewed by 500 to 600 years because of the effects of the water.
FIDJI – Bua - A new early Lapita site has been discovered in Bua, Vanua Levu. Archaeologist at the Fiji Museum, Sepeti Matararaba, Professor of Geography at the University of the Sunshine Coast, Patrick Nunn and his students Roger Kitson and Hayley McCreath discovered this along the west coast of the Seseleka Peninsula. The Lapita find from the site in Bua suggest that it was occupied between 2,700 and 3,000 years ago. It is not known whether this site will predate the oldest known Lapita site in Fiji in Bourewa in the Natadola area of Nadroga that was first occupied 3,100 years ago. The Lapita people extensively colonised many islands in the southwestern Pacific between 3,100 and 2,600 years ago. Linguistic evidence, cultural artefacts and decorative pottery suggest eastward migration of the Lapita people from southern parts of China and Taiwan.
EGYPTE – Hermopolis - At the beginning of this month – February, the Egyptian museum started displaying a new piece which was not displayed before, after its restoration at the Egyptian Museum Laboratories. Al-Anany added, these displayed pieces are; "Oedipus Mural" it is displayed for the first time, the Fresco mural is a part of a house wall at the west of "Hermopolis" (Tuna Al-Gabal), it dates back to the 2nd Century A.D, it presents the famous myth of Oedipus for the Greek tragic poet "Sophocles". The two other pieces are, a statue of an offerings bearer found in "Meket Ra" cemetery, the11th dynasty, and a colored fabric piece for "Sen Nefer" presents him in front of an offering table, this piece was used as a cover for his mummy at his cemetery in Deir Al-Madina.