04 AVRIL 2016 NEWS: Kalthodu - Tripoli - Channel Islands - Thailande - Bury - Kütahya -
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INDE – Kalthodu - A rare inscription dating back to 1293 AD, discovered at Untunahole Erannanamakki in Kalthodu village of Kundapur taluk talks of a Hebbariyara Math, which had goddess Lakshmi for its presiding deity. The discovery was made by a team led by associate professor of Ancient History and Archaeology , T Murugeshi of the Shirva MSRS College. The inscription speaks of a donation made by Chakravarti Devarasa to the math. “Though there is no other detail to clearly identify the ruler, we can conclude that the Devarsa mentioned here is Alupa ruler, Nagadevarasa,” says Prof Murugesh, revealing that two engravings make the inscription unique. “Other than the usual carvings of Shiva Linga and bulls on either side and the trident, the inscription has engravings of a Nidhi Kumba (treasure pot) and a Yupa (sacrificial post). These are usually not seen in inscriptions,” he explains. “ The treasure pot probably symbolises goddess Lakshmi and the sacrificial post could indicte the place was a venue of sacrifice,” the professor adds. It's believed that the Hebbariyara Math of Herali mentioned is actually the Heranjalu Math of today. “It is probably the only mutt in Karnataka which has goddess Lakshmi as its presiding deity. There are temples but no math with Lakshmi as its presiding deity,” he points out.
TURQUIE – Tripoli - Ongoing excavations in the ancient city of Tripoli in the western province of Denizli’s Buldan district have unearthed a 2,000-year-old market place, indicating that the city was a significant center of trade in the past. Pamukkale University (PAU) Archaeology Department academic and excavation head Bahadır Duman said they had started excavations last week in Tripoli, which was a Lydian city located at the intersection of Phrygia, Karia and Lydia in the Hellenistic era. Works this year were continuing close to a covered gallery to the east of a 2,500-square-meter market place, Duman said. “The restoration of Hierapolis Street, where excavations were mostly finished last year, is also continuing.” Duman said they found a third marketplace last week when they first commenced excavations, noting that they had accelerated their activity in the area. “Discovering a new marketplace in Tripoli showed us once again that the city was an important trade center especially in the second century A.D. in the Roman era. It is located to the north of two previously found marketplaces and it covers an area of 300 square meters, which is pretty big. This season our work will focus on this marketplace,” he said. Duman said Tripoli was situated both on the ancient road passing through Anatolia and on the route of the roads to the western metropolitan areas such as Smyrna and Ephesus. “This is the reason why the city had been a significant center of trade for many years,” he said. Duman said the newly found marketplace proved that the city also had an important place in terms of the textile and cereal trade. “The region was one of the places controlling trade in Anatolia,” Duman said, adding that excavations in the shops on the colonnaded street had revealed many fruit seeds. “Among them were apricot and grape seeds and the remains of walnuts. Of course, some of them were fossilized. We also found amphorae that were used to carry them,” he said, noting that the findings proved that trade occurred in the area at least 2,000 years ago. Duman said Denizli was known for textiles, marble and travertine. “The excavations carried out in the ancient city of Tripoli, Laodicea and Hierapolis also showed us that the city was a central place in the same sectors 2,000 years ago.”
USA – Channel Islands - San Diego State University will search the seafloor off Southern California for clues that could help answer two of the oldest and most contentious questions in science: When did the first modern humans arrive in the Americas? And did they initially spread south from Siberia by following ancient Pacific shorelines that are now covered by water? SDSU and its partners will use sensors to look for areas in the northern Channel Islands that might have been human settlements thousands of years ago, when sea level was lower and the land was exposed. Scientists say that these “submerged cultural landscapes” might contain the remnants of the tools that the “First Americans” used for fishing, hunting and boating, and sites where they cooked shellfish.
THAILANDE – - The University of Pennsylvania and the National Library of Laos have launched the Digital Library of Northern Thai Manuscripts bringing thousands of ancient manuscripts out of monastic temples and making them available as open source material online. The digital library contains images of approximately 5,000 manuscripts of ancient Thai literature, codes of law and history, which can be searched and viewed online or downloaded for free at lannamanuscripts.net. More materials with related resources from the region will be added to build the database out to more than 7,000 manuscripts.
ROYAUME UNI – Bury - Archaeologists have unearthed a medieval kitchen and a range of other artefacts ahead of building works at a Bury St Edmunds school. Fragments of medieval peg roofing tiles from the 13th to 15th centuries have been discovered - demonstrating that the building at one time had a tiled roof. Many other artefacts have also been uncovered including a piece of the rim of a large 600-year-old jar which may have held water, wine or been used for cooking. There was also the spout of a decorated jug known as a ‘face-jug’ from 700 years ago, a large pit of oyster shells which were commonly eaten as an everyday food and a late Saxon playing disc or spindle whorl. Head Sue Herriott said the whorl was ‘important in establishing the presence of Anglo-Saxons in the centre of Bury’.
TURQUIE – Kütahya - An ancient Roman-era burial chamber has been unearthed by treasure hunters who dug a three-meter tunnel inside a shanty house in the western province of Kütahya. Further works initiated by museum officials in the field unearthed a 2,000-year-old Roman-era chamber, which is believed to have belonged to an administrator. Archaeological works will continue in the area, said officials.