04 AOÛT 2016 NEWS: Caithness - Soli Pompeiopolis - Camden - Zagori - Tro - Pompéi - Poitiers -
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ROYAUME UNI – Caithness - Forensic artist Hew Morrison is working on the 3,700-year-old remains of the woman, who has been called “Ava”. Ava was discovered in Caithness in 1987, where researchers initially found she was Caucasian and aged 18 to 22 years.
TURQUIE - Soli Pompeiopolis - Excavation and restoration work has resumed at the 3,000-year-old ancient city of Soli Pompeopolis in the southern city of Mersin’s Mezitli district. The 18th season of excavation works at the site will be headed by Dokuz Eylül University’s Prof. Remzi Yağcı this year. A team of 70 persons, including archaeologists, restorers, survey engineers and students, will work on the ancient city’s columned street, mound field and Roman villa, aiming to reveal the colonization era of the ancient city. The works will continue for 40 days. Archaeologist Gözdem Güler, who provided information about the works which have been continuing under a huge tent in order to protect the team from excessive warm weather, said, “This year our goal is to find the continuation of the columned street from the Roman era. The findings on this street will shed light on Roman archaeology. We are continuing to reveal the history of the Mediterranean.” Hundreds of artifacts from 3,000 years ago have been found so far during the excavations in Soli, which was a significant treasure in Cilician history. Structures like a harbor, columned street, theater, Roman bath, city walls, necropolis and aqueducts have been unearthed. On the columned street, where the statues of Roman emperors or top officials were situated, excavators found the god of health Asklepeion and goddess Hygeiea, the king of gods Zeus, the god of justice Nemesis, the goddess of the harvest Demeter and the god of wine Dionysus. Fourteen columns from the 2nd and 3rd centuries in the southern part of the columned street have been revived. In this way, the number of columns increased to 47 on the street. In the mound, candles, which were gifts to the dead in the ancient ages, and Byzantine-era seals, plates and bowls have been unearthed. Also among the findings in Soli were 2,500-year-old rock-carved graves that were unearthed during construction works in recent years. A large number of skulls and bones were found in the graves, as well as lubricate and pan lids. These artifacts are on display at the Mersin Museum. It is believed that Soli, which is home to the Neolithic, Hellenistic and Roman eras, will receive as much attention as Ephesus in western Turkey when the works are finished.
USA – Camden - As archaeological teams dug into the earth on Broadway, where the Holtec International site would soon rise on the South Camden waterfront in early 2015, they expected to find remnants of its past buried in the soil of the industrial tract: debris from the old New York Shipbuilding Corporation, bits of the demolished employee housing that was once there, perhaps pieces that went back further, to the 19th or even 18th centuries. T&M Associates engineer Mark Stettler said he did not expect the crews would find remnants of tools used by Native Americans long before European settlers arrived in the New World. Arrowheads. Rounded stones, likely used for hammering. Other stones, sharpened to a razor-like edge. Even the remnants of ancient hearths. In all, nearly 1,300 artifacts were discovered by the time the dig was completed in February. Archaeologist Ilene Grossman-Bailey, president of the Archaeological Society of New Jersey and a team leader on the dig, said the items date to about 1400 to 1350 B.C. Paul J. McEachen, a senior archaeologist who works with Grossman-Bailey, said the dates are at the transition between the Late Archaic and Early Woodland periods, specifically the latter end of the Late Archaic period.
GRECE – Zagori - Two young Greeks discovered an ancient tomb near the region of Zagori. Archaeologists were excited to find that the tomb had not been looted and they estimated that it dates back to the Byzantine times. The tomb was found right next to a basketball court. The landscape around the court had changed over the winter, due to heavy rainfall and the intense weather conditions that led to erosion and multiple landslides. Eventually the ground retreated, revealing the ancient site. The authorities were called on scene immediately, while a team of archaeologists arrived in Zagori later in the day to seal the tomb.
NORVEGE – Tro - Two Norwegian youths who wrecked a 5,000-year-old rock carving of a figure on skis risk prosecution under Norway’s Cultural Heritage Act, the archaeologist who surveyed the damage confirmed on Sunday. The carving on the island of Tro on Norway’s west coast is one of Norway's most famous historical sites, providing some of the earliest evidence of skiing anywhere in the world. The carving inspired the symbols used for the Winter Olympics in Lillehammer in 1994.
ITALIE – Pompéi - The ancient Roman kitchens of a Pompeii launderette have once again been kitted out with pots and pans as part of a new project that is trying to give visitors a sense of what day-to-day life in the city was like. Before they were buried by a volcanic eruption in AD 79, the kitchens once provided food for the hungry attendants of the three-storey launderette, the Fullonica di Stephanus. The Fullonica was the place where wealthy Roman patricians sent their togas to be washed in huge baths using clay and urine. The garments were then rinsed, dried and placed on special presses to ensure they returned to their noble owners crease-free. The equipment was discovered in the launderette in 1912, but had been moved to other areas of Pompeii over the years. The grills were placed over troughs where charcoal fires were lit. Meat, fish, and vegetables were then placed on the grills. Soups and stews were cooked in pots and pans on tripods placed in the coals. “We’re delighted the pieces have finally been put back on display where they were found,” said Massimo Osanna, archaeological superintendent of Pompeii.
FRANCE – Poitiers - L’entreprise qui intervient sur le chantier de la rue de l’Université a mis au jour hier matin les vestiges d’une tour du III e -IV e siècle. C'est un élément de plus dans le puzzle des vestiges des remparts édifiés pour protéger Lemonum (le nom de Poitiers dans l'antiquité) quand l'empire romain vivait sous la menace des invasions. Les chercheurs donnent quelques chiffres : les remparts auraient eu une épaisseur de 6 m et une hauteur de 10 m. Ils étaient précédés d'un « no man's land » de 30 m, tandis que les blocs extérieurs des tours adossées aux remparts comportaient des murs d'une épaisseur de 0,50 m. Au IIIe, mais plus vraisemblablement au début du IVe siècle, le chantier avait été lancé en récupérant les pierres des édifices romains construits au cours des siècles précédents.