03 JANVIER 2017 NEWS: Sion - Chunabhatti - Telangana - Wyoming - Sitrampally - Xinuang - Trapang Prei - Thang Long -
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WINTER TERM : JANUARY 2017
INDE – Sion / Chunabhatti - Acting on his childhood memories of seeing a temple on a carved structure near Sion, archaeologist and researcher Vinayak Parab gave a group of students the task of exploring the area to unearth ancient idols or structures that could turn the spotlight on caves in Sion and Chunabhatti. During the first year of research, the students found a few structures that point to the existence of caves from early medieval times in the Chafe Galli area of Chunabhatti. So far, of the two fragments found, one was found below the Gavdevi Shitala Devi temple in Sion and another was found behind a wall in Chafe Galli.
INDE – Telangana - Six DNA samples of human skeletal remains from the Megalithic period found in excavations in Piklihal, Raichur district of Karnataka (1954), Yeleshwaram, Nalgonda district (1960) and Pedda Marur, Mahbubnagar (1978) were handed over by the Department of Archaeology and Museums to the Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology for detailed studies and DNA analysis. This is the first time that DNA studies will be conducted to ascertain the origins and other historical details of civilisation in Telangana state. The objective of the study is to ascertain the ancient population and human settlements in present-day Telangana state, create an individual-wise inventory of skeletal material, and give preliminary observations of the incidence of palaeopathological lesions and anomalies, interpret results in a bio-cultural perspective, trace disease process, human details and other aspects of life in ancient times.
USA - Wyoming - Ancient snow packs are melting on mountains in Wyoming and Montana, revealing artifacts that have been buried for more than ten thousand years. A Wyoming archaeologist found the highest tipi ring ever documented in Wyoming. For several years now, scientists have noticed ancient snowfields melting on mountaintops around the world. Wyoming and Montana is no exception. Archaeologist Dr. Larry Todd is taking advantage of the cleared ground and is finding as much archaeological material as he can, before it’s looted, or degrades. Todd said there are many tipi rings in Northwest Wyoming and this one is in Cody city limits. His scientific team recently discovered the highest known tipi ring in Wyoming and almost 20,000 artifacts. Dr. Lawrence told News 13 the sites are at higher elevations and the highest site sits 11,300 feet. To Dr. Todd, this means people were living and making a living at higher elevations 10 thousand years ago.
INDE – Sitrampally - Massive menhirs were discovered by retired chief caretaker of Archaeology and Museums Department Yerramraju Bhanu Murthy at Nanganur mandal. The caretaker along with members of Vennela Sahithi Sangam came across a kind of megalithic cemetery belonging to 1000 BC, in the fields of farmer Mangalarupu Sathiah at Sitrampally village. Many more mehirs could have been found and restored here, said Kondi Malla Reddy, if the Archeology department had known about the cemetery earlier and notified the villagers. Several farmers here have been cultivating this land and damaging the menhirs, taking them to be just large stones, he said.
CHINE – Xinuang - Archaeologists have unearthed a sword believed to be more than 2,300 years old. The amazing discovery was found in an ancient tomb in the city of Xinuang in China. The sword is though to have belonged to the Warring States, which was a period of 250 years between 475BC and 221BC, which saw fierce and frequent was between the eight states of the Zhou Dynasty. The artifact was found inside its scabbard, which had kept it in near perfect condition.
CAMBODGE - Trapang Prei - The National Museum of Cambodia in January will exhibit what is considered by some experts to be the world's oldest zero symbol, a dot in a set of script from the Khmer civilisation carved into a sandstone surface. "The Chaka era has reached the year 605 on the fifth day of the waning moon," says the restored inscription discovered during the end of the 19th century at the Trapang Prei archaeological site in Kratie province, in northeastern Cambodia. Archaeologists date this phrase to 687 AD, in pre-Angkor Cambodia, Efe news reported on Monday. This Khmer inscription was discovered by French archaeologist Adhemard Leclere (1853-1917) in 1891, but his colleague and compatriot George Coedes (1886-1969) later classified it with the name K-127. The same historian Coedes subsequently divulged the importance of the discovery in the article "About the Origin of Arabic Numbers", published in 1931. Coedes and American mathematician Amir Aczel (1950-2015) defended the significance of K-127 as it strengthens the idea that the zero symbol's origin in the decimal number system comes from India or, in his word, other "Indianized" East Asian cultures. The oldest zero that is known of and in the form of a circle, rather than a dot, comes from India and from the year 876 AD, almost two hundred years earlier than the one at the National Museum of Cambodia. The Indian manuscript Bakhshali also contains zeros that could be prior to K-127, but the experts are unable to determine their antiquity with current technology due to the fragility of the object.
VIET NAM – Thang Long - The excavation was carried out on a site of nearly 1,000 sq.m. in an effort to study the architecture of the Kinh Thien Palace. The archaeologists identified traces of overlapping layers of royal palaces from different dynasties dating back to the 8th century. Most notably, the cultural layer of the Ly dynasty (1009-1225) is about 1.15m thick, while that of the Dai La period (9th-10th centuries) is about 0.5m thick. Archaeologists have found traces of large-scale architecture dating from the Tran dynasty (1225-1400) at the Thang Long Royal Citadel. During the excavation,architectural structures of houses from the Le So period (1428-1528) and Le Trung Hung period (1533-1789) were discovered. The palace sits in the centre of the Thang Long Royal Citadel. Built in 1428, it is believed to be the most important building and hosted many royal ceremonies. The citadel was built in the 11th century during the Ly Dynasty to mark the independence of Dai Viet, the former name of Vietnam. The central sector of the imperial citadel was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site on July 31, 2010.