03 AVRIL 2015 NEWS: Ness of Brodgar - Knidos - Parthicopolis -
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ROYAUME UNI – Ness of Brodgar - Finds from a spectacular archaeological site in Orkney will be showcased in Stromness this summer. Discoveries from the Ness of Brodgar, located within the UNESCO Heart of Neolithic Orkney’World Heritage site and a stone’s throw from the famed Ring of Brodgar, will form of a major new exhibition, which opens this weekend at the Stromness Museum. Beautifully polished stone mace heads, axes and carved stone balls can be viewed alongside pottery, flint and stone tools, and photographs showing the site during excavation. In 2003, a huge stone slab was turned up when the field was ploughed, leading to several small scale investigations in the years following. Five years later, large scale excavations commenced, revealing a monumental walled enclosure encasing many massive buildings including one of the largest, if not the largest, stone-built Neolithic non-burial structures in Britain. ‘Structure 10’ measures 25 metres (82 feet) long by 19 metres (62 feet) wide, and the four-metre-thick outer walls remain to a height of approximately one metre (three feet). Ground breaking finds followed thick and fast, including in 2010 evidence of extensive and hitherto unseen use of colour on walls and pottery. Radiocarbon dating in 2011 showed that the prehistoric complex on the Ness was in use for around 1,000 years — from at least 3300BC to 2300BC. Nowadays the site is considered to be of international importance. “It’s transforming our ideas and concepts of that era – there is simply nothing like it in northern Atlantic Europe,” said Mr Card.”
TURQUIE – Knidos - Seasonal excavations have started to revive two magnificent structures of a theater and a church in the 2,600-year-old ancient city of Knidos (Cnidus) in the western province of Muğla. Knidos, believed to be the hometown of Eudoxus, a Greek astronomer, mathematician and student of Plato;Greek physician Euryphon; Greek vase painter Polygnotos and Greek architect and engineer Sostratos, is located at the crossroads of the Aegean and Mediterranean seas. Research reveals that a physician and his students had established the second largest medical school of its time in Knidos. One of the most important discoveries of its time, the gnomon, first developed by Eudoxus, can still be found in the ancient city. The head of the Knidos excavations, Selçuk University academic Professor Ertekin Doksanaltı, said the city’s excavations restarted in 2013 after many years of waiting. The excavations of the church (known as “Church D”) and theater will be completed and their structures restored this year, he said. Doksanaltı said detailed aerial photos of the ancient city were taken from 90 and 120 degree angles. The ancient city of Knidos was a coastal town, he said, adding that they had searched underwater for the existence of other cultural artifacts around the city. “Church D, unearthed during the excavations, will be partly restored this season. The building survey, restitution and restoration projects of the structure have already been done,” he said. Doksanaltı also said the same projects for the small theater would be finished this year. The theater, located on the southern side of the city, was first excavated in the 1970s. Doksanaltı said Knidos was still magnificent. “Its famous ports that have survived with their round and square towers are still functional. The city, located on two hills that face each other, rises via terraces built on rocky land. The connection between the terraces is provided via stair streets,” he said.
BULGARIE – Parthicopolis - Archaeologists have discovered the hand of a huge Roman marble statue while excavating the Early Christian monuments in the Ancient Thracian and Roman city of Parthicopolis in the southwestern Bulgarian town of Sandanski. The large fragment from the Ancient Roman statue was discovered on April 1, 2015, as the localarchaeologists are continuing the excavations of two Late Antiquity basilicas (out of a total of four basilicas found there), including the so called Bishop John’s Basilica, and an “Early Christian Complex”, Vladimir Petkov, Director of the Sandanski Museum of Archaeology has announced, as cited by the Bulgarian daily standart. “We have strumbled upon one more find dating back to the 1st-3rd century AD – part of the arm of a marble statue. Only the hand and the wrist have survived but even just [this fragment is] is long 50 cm. The hand is holding fruit. The statue must have been at least three meters tall,” Petkov says. In his words, the local archaeologists are now conducting research in order to try to find out more about the huge Roman marble statue whose fragment they have discovered.