03 - 04 SEPTEMBRE 2010
- 04 SEPTEMBRE :
- FRANCE : Garnache - 2 e campagne estivale de fouilles menées au château médiéval. Fouilles dans la tour carrée : deux sondages ont été positifs. Un portant sur le mur de la courtine est, jusqu'à son arasement, a révélé qu'il était très bien conservé. Un autre concerne l'existence éventuelle d'une sape au niveau du sous-sol de la tour carrée ou autre hypothèse, la présence de vestige de l'ancienne enceinte romane du château ?
- U.S.A. : Williamsburg - When two "small, rectangular shafts" dating to the late 1600s to mid-1700s were discovered in two Colonial-era graves on the campus of the College of William & Mary in Williamsburg, Va., archaeologists initially thought they contained the remains of children . But the bone fragments, most of which were smaller than a fingernail, turned out to be from small to medium-sized dogs. During this period of early Colonial history in Virginia, there's no good evidence for people keeping dogs for household pets. Archaeologists leave open the possibility that the graves were the work of American Indians, who would have been on campus during the early years of the college, which was established in 1693.
- U.S.A. : Koshkonong - Although scientists tend to cringe when terms such as “treasure trove” are applied to archaeological sites, it’s hard to describe the Finch Site. What else would you call a two-acre strip of wooded hills that archaeologists say holds 160 identified burial pits where prehistoric Native American people dumped everything from deer bones to weapon shards to burnt and broken clay cookware? What do you call a property that contains, at the very minimum, 100,000 Native American artifacts which scientists believe date from 5000 B.C. to 1200 A.D.? But one thing’s certain: The Finch Site soon will be buried by a state highway. Many of the items crews unearthed at the site came from the Woodland Era, a period in prehistoric Native American history 2,500 to 800 years ago. Other items, including some knife and arrow points, come from the Mississippian Era and would have been used by native hunters in southern Wisconsin 1,200 to 500 years ago, crews at the dig said. Although archaeologists have found no human remains at the site, one key discovery was a 1,200-year-old deer bone. It has visible cut marks in it, probably from stone tools.
- ROYAUME-UNI : Norfolk - A Saxon boat has been found during flood defence work on a Norfolk river. The boat, which is about 9.8 ft (3m) long and had been hollowed out by hand from a piece of oak, was found at the bottom of the River Ant. Five animal skulls were found near the boat, which has been taken to York for treatment to preserve it.
- ROYAUME-UNI : Ile de Thanet - These beautiful Bronze Age gold bracelets are the highlights of finds at the site of a new road. The bracelets are among 10,000 finds unearthed so far, dating back to around 700BC. It is thought they were children’s bracelets that may have been buried as a worship offering. They were found together, one pushed inside the other. There is evidence of a Bronze Age settlement on the find site, and five hoards of bronze objects of a similar age have been found in the same area. The remains of prehistoric burial monuments, Iron Age enclosures and a village which would have seen the Roman invasion are among the remarkable discoveries made by the dig.
- 03 SEPTEMBRE :
- MONTENEGRO : Maljevik - An international archaeological team has launched a search of a Montenegrin bay after a 16-year-old British schoolboy last year uncovered the submerged remains of what could be a lost, ancient temple while snorkelling in the Adriatic. Michael Le Quesne was swimming off the popular beach of Maljevik when he spotted an odd looking ‘stone’ at a depth of around two metres. It turned out to be part of a large, submerged building which may have been the centrepiece of an important Greek or Roman trading post, swallowed up by the sea during a massive earthquake.
- GRECE : Athenes - Une tranche des travaux de restauration de l'Acropole d'Athènes engagés en 2001 a pris fin avec le relèvement du petit temple d'Athéna Niké. Surplombant les Propylées, ce petit bâtiment ionique était le dernier du site encore en travaux dans le cadre d'une intervention lancée en 2001, pour 42,6 millions d'euros. Sa restauration, incluant un démontage intégral, avait été retardée par l'ampleur des dégradations infligées à ses marbres par le passage du temps et les restaurations menées au XIXe siècle.
Les travaux sur les Propylées et le Parthénon menés parallèlement avaient eux été achevés en décembre et mai. L'Acropole a acquis sa physionomie actuelle au Ve siècle avant JC, l'âge d'or de la démocratie athénienne, sous l'impulsion du grand dirigeant Périclès.
- EGYPTE : Giza - A vast natural cave system has been discovered beneath the shadow of the Great Pyramid, and now it’s official. The exploration of Giza’s previously unknown caves – created by the actions of water before even the age of the Sphinx and nearby Great Pyramid – comes a year after their rediscovery by British explorer and writer Andrew Collins. He and his team tracked down the whereabouts of the caves after deciphering forgotten memoirs written nearly 200 years ago.
- TURQUIE : Aslantepe - The oldest palace of the world which is in Aslantepe Tumulus dated back to 5,000 B.C. in eastern province of Malatya will become an open air museum. The adobe palace, dated back to the 3300 B.C , was demolished after a fire.
- PEROU : San Martin de Saliria - This patch of forest, and many others across the Amazon, was instead home to an advanced, even spectacular civilization that managed the forest and enriched infertile soils to feed thousands. Scientists now believe that instead of stone-age tribes, like the groups that occasionally emerge from the forest today, the Indians who inhabited the Amazon centuries ago numbered as many as 20 million, far more people than live here today. There is a gigantic footprint in the forest," said Augusto Oyuela-Caycedo, 49, a Colombian-born professor at the University of Florida who is working this swath in northeast Peru. Stopping over a man-made Indian mound on a recent day, he picked up shards of ceramics and dark, nutrient-rich earth made fertile hundreds of years ago by human hands. "All you can see is an artifact of the past," he said. "It's a product of human actions." Bits of colorful ceramics - matching that found elsewhere in the Amazon - seem to show that those who lived here were the Omaguas, the same people Gaspar de Carvajal encountered nearly 500 years before.