02 MARS 2017 NEWS: Rampur Maniharan - Kunal -






INDE220a2542 Rampur Maniharan - Archaeologists excited, as discovery may shine light on a 4,000-year-old Ganga-Yamuna culture. Six copper axes and some pieces of pottery discovered in Sakatpur of Saharanpur district in Uttar Pradesh could point to a separate culture that straddled the Ganga and Yamuna, coinciding with the Indus Valley Civilisation, say archaeologists. The Archaeological Survey of India is excavating the site at Rampur Maniharan, hoping to discover more artefacts. When the Indus Valley civilisation flourished in what is today Punjab, Haryana and parts of Pakistan, a parallel culture is thought to have co-existed in the fertile plains between the Ganga and the Yamuna in western Uttar Pradesh. The copper axes and pottery sherds found last week may be related to the Ochre Coloured Pottery (OCP) culture in the doab (plains) of the two rivers in the late Harappan period, around 2000 BC. The Superintending Archaeologist, ASI (Agra circle) Bhuvan Vikrama, told The Hindu that going by what had been found, it could well be related to the OCP culture. OCP marked the last stage of the North Indian Copper Age. Workers of a brick kiln in Sakatpur found the axes when they were digging to collect soil. The ASI then sent a team to excavate.The people who used ochre pottery and their culture are specific to the doab region. The first remnants of OCP culture were found in Hastinapur, in Meerut district, in 1951 and later in Atranjikhera in Eta district. “We are excited because this is the first time we have discovered remnants of the OCP culture directly,” Mr. Vikrama said. We have done three days of excavation and found only pottery. Since excavation is a slow process we expect to find more remains like habitat dispositions in the depth of the soil. We are not yet calling it a proper civilisation and terming it only as a culture, because unlike the Harappan civilisation, we still do not know much about OCP culture. But this time we are hopeful that we will unearth interesting details,” he added. Scholars differ in their interpretation of the nature of OCP culture. Those like V.N. Misra see it as “only a final and impoverished stage of the late-Harappan,” while others view it as completely unrelated to Harappa.


INDE1487257391 excavation 1 Kunal - Haryana Archaeology and Museums Department (HAMD) and the Indian Archaeological Society and National Museums will undertake excavations at Kunal in Fatehabad district, the earliest Harappan site in the state. Kunal being one of the earliest sites in Haryana had a great contribution in the early Harappan studies in the Indian sub-continent and would definitely open new prospects for future researches, he said, adding the developed drainage system characterises this site. Kunal is located in Tehsil Raita in Fatehabad and the core area of the settlement is three to four acres though the site expands to nine acres, Sharma said. Excavation was first conducted by late J S Khatri and M Acharya under Haryana State Archaeology Department during 1985-86, he said. “The previous excavations have provided significant traits of early Harappan culture in our subcontinent at Kunal for the very first time in the history of Harappan studies,” Sharma said. Describing Haryana as the cradle of Indian history, Misra said the Kunal excavations would provide a large number of new insights of early Harappan culture.